THE ROLE OF MOTIVATION OF THE TEACHERS IN THE TEACHING OF BIOLOGY IN ESE-ODE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, ONDO STATE
Attempt has been made in this study to examine the effects of
motivation on the performance of teachers, a case study of some selected
secondary schools in Eso-Odo Local Government Area, Ondo State. The hypothesis
gotten from this research work shows that there are many causes of low
performance of teachers but motivation serve as the main factor. The
questionnaires were administered and collected immediately. The population for
the study is some selected secondary schools in Ese-Odo Local Government Area
Igbekebo, Ondo State. The data collected were analyzed with the percentages
TABLE OF CONTENT
Background of the problem
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Scope of the study
Limitations of the study
Definition of terms
A brief introduction of this
chapter comprising the sub-heading to be treated
Discussion of these relevant
sub-headings by reviewing recent related works of other authors.
Methodology and procedure of
Population of study
Sample of the study
Sampling techniques adopted
Validation of instrument
Method of data collection
Method of data analysis
Presentation of data and
discussion of results
Use of relevant table or
statistics to present and analysis the data
A discussion of the results
derived from the data
Summary, Conclusion and
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
The teaching profession previously was accorded with respect, honor and
dignity. This enviable profession was a sort of motivation to many teachers.
Also not only afford life career and permanent membership but also renders
services to the public. It has code of ethics; the code of ethics for teachers
is contained in the handbooks of the Nigeria union of teachers. They were
revealed and give pride of place in the study. But recently, the government and
all its organs neglect teachers and the educational sector, while motivation
can be brought about by adequate remuneration, fringe benefits and recognition.
They can also be made to occupy high social status in the society.
However, in spite of the facts that this motivation was not really there,
teachers still did their work conscientiously producing desired result. There
is no doubt before 1980 teachers started to recognize their own worth and
demand for their right when these was not forth coming their attitude to their
work began to change and this was the beginning of the down word side in education
in the country. It was also the beginning of industrial actions by teacher’s
nation wide. From 11980 till date, the country had witnessed countless number
of strikes and counters strikes as the many other establishments, strikes is a
common action embarked upon by workers over the years. There have been wide
spread concern on what teachers can do effectively and how this condition of
services could be achieved, the resultant effect was a further determination of
students performance. This has been the major concern of the researcher who has
decided to find out.
According to Nwanchukwu (1990) it is a fact that frown both the lay man and
expert point of view the level of performance in way organization are
remunerated and other monetary incentives. There is no other saying that the
primary motive of investing is to meet the organization goals therefore there
are certain factors which need to be considered in order to attain the above is
the realization of objectives. Moreover, it is important to note that
motivation is important if the desired level of performance would be attained.
Thus the employers they should be aware that old methods of persuading society
to produce the desired result. Therefore, it is necessary for employers of
labour to be fully equipped with all the motivational tools and their
applications if the stated organizational objectives would be activated. It is
the hope and the belief of the researcher that if employers wants their
employee to perform effectively they should reciprocate by providing the
necessary incentives for examples newspaper, daily times in expressing the
light of teachers work that it is totally unjustifiable and well reasonable to
notice bond treatment towards teachers.
Teachers arte the producers of the following bank manager, oil miners, judge,
chief accountant, lawyers, senators, governors even the president. But it is
the salary of the teachers that is always delayed and it is the arrears of
salaries to teachers that are usually dumped in sides dustbins untouched at the
school boards is in heaven. Thus they succeeded in maintaining and improving
educational standard as by Ubjuke effective performance on the part of the
employers is essential for the success of the organization. An understanding of
what motivate individual is necessary to reveal and potential released.
In the light of this problem the study is designed to assist measure and
explain the performance of teachers, in some selected secondary schools in
Ese-Odo Local Government Area of Ondo State. This study is interested in
teachers as they occupy a significant role in the development of any country.
It focuses on secondary school teachers who will be called upon the shoulders
the responsibilities of seeing to the successful take off of introduced six
years course in secondary schools. The teacher therefore needs to be lightly
motivated for successful take off this performance.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
This research aimed at finding out the causes and proposing solution on the
problem of motivation of teachers. The problem will investigate into the salary
of teachers and how often their salaries are paid in companies with other
workers in the public sectors whether there is adequate facilities, including
laboratory equipment, textbooks, adequate finance and conducive environment for
teacher to carry out their job. Whether the nature and structure of job can act
as a motivating factor and also what are the attitudes of teachers as regard
remaining in the profession.
PURPOSE OF STUDY
Having stated the problem to be investigated in the study, it becomes
imperative to state the purpose of this study. The purpose of the study is as
To find out the impact of the motivation on teachers performance
To find out whether the proper use of motivation techniques have a positive or
negative effects on the performance of teachers.
To find out whether teachers in Ondo State are presently satisfied with the
condition of service.
To find out whether financial incentives improve workers performance more than
To find out the extent to which motivational determinants are in teaching
profession whether the teacher in Ondo State will quit teaching profession.
To make recommendations to the government and appropriate authority concerned based
on the findings of the study.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This research will enable those concerned know how to develop t4eaching
profession in Nigeria and how to endure greater satisfaction in them.
It will provide for an opportunity for enhancing the performance by
understanding motivation, as to improve performance.
It will provide for an opportunity for enhancing job performance by
understanding motivation determinant and actions involved in them so as to
As useful lesson to all that extensive control is not the best of b=obtaining
effects and cooperation at work.
It will help to ascertain really motivate teachers apart from monetary rewards,
such information will go along way to suggest how best to improve the
performance of productivity of teachers in Ese-Odo Local Government Area of
Ondo State at large.
Are you satisfied with your present salary?
Does increase in salaries motivate you?
Is your salary the same with that of your counterpart in their profession?
Is your salary paid regularly?
Are you satisfied with the promotion of teachers in this local government?
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
These studies include teachers from (8) secondary schools and all these are
mixed schools, because there is no any boys or girls school in this local
government. The fact obtained will enable the researcher to see if some
teachers are more motivated than others and the effect on the school concerned.
Community Comprehensive High School, Sabomi.
Apoi national High School, Igbotu.
Ijaw National high School, Arogbo
Comprehensive high School, Igbobini
Comprehensive High School, Igbekebo
Ojuala Community High School Ojuala
Arogbo City Academy, Arogbo
Arenibaro grammar School Amapere
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Motivation: The process of including or causing some one to behave in the
most desired way in the aid of certain incentives.
Performance: This is the way in which something react under certain condition
of fulfils the purpose for which it was intended.
Remuneration: This is the monetary compensation an employees receives of work
done, condition of service, this is both the monetary and non-monetary
compensation given to an employee.
Satisfaction: This is a feeling of happiness or pleasure because you have
achieved something or get what you want.
Productivity: Is the rate at
which goods are produce and the amount produce compared with the work, time and
money needed to produce them.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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