This project work was designed to find out
the communicable diseases among primary school pupils in Ikpoba Okha Local
Government Area. Communicable diseases are very common among primary pupils.
Communicable diseases could be contacted and have effects in primary school
pupils, which may include deformity and poor academic performance. Immunization
can be used to control the spread of communicable diseases among school pupils.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Background of the study
Statement of problem
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Scope of study
Limitation of study
Definition of terms
Population of the study
Sample of the study
Sample techniques adopted
Validity of instrument
Method of data collection
Method of data analysis
Data analysis and presentation
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
In this era of technological advancement, there is a possibility for a fast
association of knowledge in all fields of human endeavours. The health care
delivery system of Ikpoba OkhaLocal Government is being geared towards aligning
with the national goal on “health for all”. One way of achieving this goal is
through the education of primary school pupils on better health care. This is
certainly one of the domains of physical and health education. Health education
is designed for primary school level to educate the pupils about common
diseases in our immediate environment and their prevention.
Also health education can also bridge the gap, reduce some of our environmental
hazards for the welfare of every citizen. It is well known that children are
exposed to various hazards of communicable diseases, it is necessary to guide
the children from these diseases. Therefore, the teacher should be very much
concerned with the health welfare and survival of his pupils. Communicable
diseases in the past have been “endemic” and now it has become “sporadic”
because of the awareness of this study. As the name implies communicable
disease is derived from the combination of two words, communicable and disease.
Communicable is an illness that can be in exchanged, share, transmit or
Disease is an unfavourable condition of an organism caused by micro-organisms
as a result of illness, disorder of the body or mind. Communicable diseases are
sometimes referred to as infectious diseases. They are the diseases which are
communicated from one person to another or from animals to man through personal
contacts like air, water, dust or the use of personal belonging or families.
The communicable diseases that are common in pupils in primary schools include;
chicken pox, measles, cholera, whooping cough, typhoid, tuberculosis,
craw-craw, poliomyelitis (infant paralysis). The research is intended to carryout
the overview of communicable diseases among primary school pupils. It is also
intended to give useful advice and suggestions to teachers in primary school in
particular on how to prevent the spread of these communicable diseases among
the pupils in primary school in Ikpoba OkhaLocal Government Area.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
This research intends to carryout an overview of communicable diseases among
primary school pupils in Ikpoba OkhaLocal Government Area as a case study the
researcher intend to do this under the following statement of problems.
communicable diseases common among primary pupils in Ikpoba OkhaLocal
the pupils in Ikpoba OkhaLocal Government Area learn in a dirty environment
that will lead to the spread of communicable diseases among them?
the pupils and the teachers aware of the prevalence of communicable diseases in
the primary school in the local government area?
over population in primary schools lead to the spread of communicable diseases
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of writing this project is as follows;
identify the communicable diseases that is prevalent in primary schools in
Ikpoba OkhaLocal Government Area of Edo State.
find out the effects of communicable diseases on the pupils and the society at
outline the various causes of the diseases.
reduce and control the diseases among primary school pupils in Ikpoba OkhaLocal
Government Area of Edo State.
examine the nature and scope of communicable diseases.
SIGNIFICA NCE OF THE STUDY
The importance of this study cannot be overemphasized.
study would also be of great help to the ministry of health and the government
whose objectives of primary health care are preventive health and gradual
eradication of these communicable diseases.
will help the teachers and the pupils to be aware of the commonest communicable
diseases in Ikpoba OkhaLocal Government primary schools with the view of
preventing their spread.
helps the teachers to prevent a crowdy classroom in order to give room for
helps the teachers to care about the health of the students and to know how to
treat the infected pupil.
helps in continuous training of teachers on disease control.
are the prevalent communicable diseases in the local government area?
can communicable diseases be controlled?
communicable diseases have any effect on primary school children?
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The study is exclusively limited to the effects of common communicable diseases
on the educational attainment of primary school pupils in Ikpoba OkhaLocal
Government Area of Edo State. It is possible to cover all communicable diseases
within a short time, consequent upon this, the study is limited to the
following diseases; measles, ringworm, and cholera.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
The following terms were used in this research work, many have different
meaning to many people in different fields but for the purpose of this study.
The meanings of these terms are as follows.
Communicable diseases: They
are the diseases which are passed from one person to another through water,
air, dust etc.
Non-communicable diseases: These
are diseases that cannot be spread through personal contact, water, dust, air,
is the ability or power possessed by children to resist infection.
is loss of water and dissolved salt from the body.
is a form of disease prevention involving the injection of a vaccine or an
antiserum into the body of an organism in other to protect the organism from
attack by a disease.
is a form of disease prevention involving the administration of antigenic
vaccine to stimulate the immune system of an individual to develop adaptive
immunity to a disease.
is an infectious disease characterized by the swelling of the neck and the
cheek due to the inflammation of the parotid glands at the junction of the neck
and the lower jaws.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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