The Management of Human Resources is an effective way of achieving
organizational success. It has been discovered that most organization are
lacking behind in this area and as a result have been experiencing a decline in
their productivity as well as failure in the achievement of their goals and
objectives. This research work was designed to deal with how human resources in
an organization can be effectively managed so as to help in the attainment of
organizational success. In order to solve this problem of lack of effectiveness
in management of human resources, data were selected and analyzed using
Nigerian Breweries Plc as a case study. However, at the end of the research, it
was observed that, effective management of human resources is an important tool
for achieving organizational success; lack of effective management lead
management to frequent labour turnover and poor productivity.
In conclusion, the effective use of human resource in an
organization will lead to success of an organization
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the Study
1.2 Statement of the
1.3 Objective of the Study
1.4 Relevance of the Study
1.5 Scope of the Study
1.6 Organization of the Study
1.7 Limitation of the
CHAPTER TWO-LITERATURE REVIEW
2.2 Definitions of Human Resource
2.3 Human Resource Management
2.4 Organizing the Human Resource
2.5 Roles Human Resource Deparment
2.6 The Human Resource
2.7 Roles of Human Resource
2.8 Importance of Personnel and Human
2.9 External Influence on Human Resource Management
2.10 How Can a Company’s Effectiveness be Measured?
2.11 Current Problems, Issues And Trends
CHAPTER THREE RESEARCH METHOD
3.2 Population of the Study
3.3 The Sample and Sampling Technique
3.4 The Research Design
3.5 The Data Gathering Instrument
3.6 Method of Data Analysis
3.7 Operationalization and Measurement of
AND ANALYSIS OF DATA
4.3 Presentation and Analysis of
4.4 Testing of
CONCLUSION AND RECORMENDATIONS
5.1 Summary of
1.1BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
One area of an
organizational success is the management of workers in the organization.
Business in a market economy depends on certain resources such as the financial
resources material resources and human resources. It is through the combination
of these resources that the attainment of the goal is achieved. However the
most significant and complex component for the attainment of the organizational
success is the human resource.
of human resource according to Udo-Udoaka (1992) refers to the managerial,
scientific, engineering, technical, craft and other skills which are developed
and employed in creating, designing and developing organization and in managing
and operating productive and service enterprise and the economic institution.
Human resource is composed of individual working for an organization, employed
these days as temporary staff or contracted staff but collectively making up
the most important of organizational resources. Therefore, an organization must
have the right number and types of employees to who must be managed in such a
way that they will be able to achieve their personal and organizational
Since the early 1980s, the field of human resources management has
been in a state of rapid transition. As the world continues to experience
profound changes different sets of changes are revolving. Today, most managers
are comfortable with the term “Human Resources” but a few still prefer to refer
to “people” Employee” or “staff” and to use the term “personal management”
Allan Cowling, (1998) argues at one level that terminology ‘may be deemed to be
less important, because it is practice that really counts. However, at another
level he argues that it does matter because ways of managing people at work
have come a long way in the last fifteen years, and a refusal to use the modern
term “human resources” can be an indication of a failure to recognize and
utilize recent development.
1.2STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
purpose of any organization is to accomplish goals objectives and since the
degree of accomplishment depends totally on the quality of its members.
Therefore, it has to be concerned with the availability and improvement of
human resource. To this extent, for an organization to be successful, it should
ensure that there is an adequate supply of human skills. Following the growing
technological changes and complexity in our industries as well as social
factors, it then becomes necessary that organizations should train and develop their
personnel to cope with ever increasing job requirement posed by fast
technological social changes.
Most organizations lack effective management and utilization of
human resources and as a result have been experiencing a decline in
productivity and failure in the achievement of their goals and achievement.
This study therefore sought to investigate how effective human
resource management has been a tool in organizations success with a view to
recommending its adoption in other organizations.
1.3OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
Human resources is one of the major resources needed for
organisations’ effectiveness and efficiency. The success or failure of the
organization depends mainly on the quality of human resources. The objective of
this study will therefore include the following.
ØTo identify the problems involved in the
delivery of effective human resources management in an organisation.
ØTo ascertain the general effectiveness of human
resource management success in the organisation.
ØTo discover the organisational approach to human
ØTo find out the human resource management
practices that lead to organisational success.
ØTo ascertain the importance of human resource
management in organisation.
1.4RELEVANCE OF THE STUDY
The human resource management in an organization should not be
over emphasized. In this regard, the study will be of immense importance not
only to Nigeria Breweries Plc, but also serve as a reference material to other
organizations in works sectors of the Nigeria economy.
In addition the study will help direct their focus to the need for
the development of their human resources.
In the first place, it will be of great importance to the student
of management and related courses, secondly it will be a source of academic
information in the area of research, thirdly, it will assist Nigerian Breweries
Plc and other organizations in measuring and assessing staffing performance, it
will also help organization in identifying how human qualities make for success
or failure in a given job and to recognize and access the qualities in
candidate for employment.
The solution to the problem of training and development of human
resources and other conclusions that would be made will go on to show what can
be done to make the Nigerian firm effective in order to achieve organizations
goals and objectives.
1.5SCOPE OF THE STUDY
Though there are many organizations
in Nigeria, it is impossible to use all these organizations for this study.
Therefore, the scope of this study would be limited to Nigeria Breweries Plc.
1.6ORGANISATION OF THE STUDY
This study is organised into five chapters. Chapter one deals with
introduction as already shown, chapter two reviews the literature on effective
human resources management and a tool for organisational success. Chapter three
present the methodology adopted in the study. Chapter four shall comprise data
presentation, empirical analysis and the results thereof. Finally in chapter
five, we shall present the summary of our findings, the conclusion drawn and
the necessary recommendations.
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