This research work was conducted to find to find out how an
organization structure can be a veritable tool in enhancing effective
management in an organization with Institution of Management and Technology
(IMT), Enugu. This research work on the chosen topic was deemed necessary
by the researches in view of the conclusion reach by several school of though
on management that the way an organization is operating structural could make
or help organization in the achievement of H0 goal and objectives. The research in the
course of the work, administration some structural questionnaire to department
of business administration and management of Institute of Management and
Technology (IMT), Enugu aimed at eliciting useful information. This was
complemental by view of related literature on the subject including study of
organization structure in the institution.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.2 Historical Background
1.3 Statement of Problem
1.4 Objective of The Study
1.5 Research Hypothesis
1.6 Scope of Limitation of Study
2.1 Definitions and Explanation
2.2 I.M.T Performance and Growth
2.3 Need of Organization and Types of
2.4 Process of Designing and Organization
2.5 Common Mistakes in Organization Structure
2.6 Making Organization Structure Effective
2.7 Essence of Organization Chart
2.8 Essence of Organization Chart
3.1 Research Design
3.2 The Population
3.3 Sample Size
3.4 Source of Data
3.5 Method of Data Collection
3.6 Method Data Analysis
Data Presentation and Analysis
4.1 Presentation and Analysis of Data
4.2 Analysis of Data
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMEND
Every organization is made up of human and physical resources. The
resources are bought together in order to accomplish these objectives, tasks
must be identified, the tools and technology required must be provided and a
structure of relationships must be created. It is the sole function of
management to determine the best structure that will optimizes the utilization
of the resources.
Thus organization is a
means of achieving the best result from concerted effort, organizations deals
with people require and their relationships.
Organization is defined
organization as a social and technological device made up of people and
physical factors which process certain inputs, and execute functions and tasks
that lead to the accomplishment of specified objective”. Organization is also
two or more people working together in a co-ordinate manner to achieve group
objective or result.
Organizing is a
management function of dividing out the constitutions activities into elemental
units for facilitating operations, of grouping the units into wider sub-systems
called departments branches or division of placing people or decision makers on
to the units created of establishing functional or responsibility and authority
relationships between the various units and person holding offices”. Hodget
said that “organizing entail the assignment of duties and the co-ordination of
efforts among all organizational personnel to ensure.
Maximum efficiency in the attainment of predetermined objective.
Structure can be seen
as a framework providing a pattern for organization structure has been defined
by Hurley as “patterns of relationships among the various people occupying the
positions” Yode said that “organizational structure is a structure that
provides a systematic arrangement of functional assignments in which component
parts have specialized duties, a;; presumably contributing to the over all
objective organization structure has also been defined by Osisoma as “ the
framework of the formal relationship within which management can adequately and
effectively control, supervise, delegate and fix responsibilities and
synchronize the work done by divisions, departments and individuals” Nwachukwu
opined that organizational structure. Involves dividing activities into
departments, divisions, units and sub-unit defining relationships between the
heads and members that make up the units” while KWCHER and MASOW explained that
an” organizational structure establishes the responsibility and authority
relationships between people in enterprise. The purpose is to find the
structure, which will be most efficient and effective. They went further to
defined the key word as follows: responsibility refers to the set of duties one
must perform, the requirement one is accountable for or answerable to in order
to achieve a purpose. Authority is the right or power to give commands to
others to perform duties and requirement” these views are in line with the of
hinterland, who defined organization structure as the pattern or network
relationships between the various positions and position holders.”
The arrangement within
the framework of interaction in-the organizational is hierarchical in the
organizational is hierarchical. The definition by professor Akpala which saw
organizing as the management function of dividing out the institutions
activities into elemental units for facilitating operations of grouping the
units into wider sub-system called departments, branches or division or
establishing function or responsibility and authority relationships between the
various units and the persons holding offices, will be adopted that the purpose
of the study.
From the following
definitions, organizational structure may be for the purpose of this study be
defined as the sanctioned network in interactions and relationship between
positions, their functions and occupants and a means through which management
attempts to achieve predetermined organizational goals. These includes who
reports to who, levels and patterns of communication, the specific functions of
members of the organization; the rules, regulation and procedures that govern
This is because the definition tries to bring in all the important
elements in the understanding of organizational structure. The important of
development of an appropriate organizational cannot be over emphasized. It
provides the over-all guider-line essential for effective employee performance.
The organizational structure provides the guidelines for clarifying and
communicating the line or responsibility, authority and accountability within
shows clearly the authority relationship in an organization. It vividly defines
the centers of authority. Organizational structure provides a framework within
which delegation and assignment of responsibility can perfectly take place. It
shows line of communication and also helps to provide an effective mechanism
for monitoring performance and taking corrective actions.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Main Problem: This
study set out to establish important functions and needs for a well-defined
organizational structure so as to prevent overlapping of functions in
purpose of the study is to examine how a well-defined organization structure
helps to achieve an organizational objective so as to bring about efficiency.
Sub-Problem II: The
purpose of the study is to investigate how a well-defined organization
structure is arranged in a firm or enterprise do as promote high productivity.
Sub-Problem III: The
purpose of study is to discover how organization structure is designed so as to
determine the other of responsibility.
Sub-Problem IV: The
purpose of the study id to examine critically how functions can be clearly
shown in an organization structure so as to prevent duplication of functions.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE
The objective of this research is to establish the essence of a
sound organization structure as a means of achieving total management
effectiveness in an organization be it business, government, religion,
The study will also point out how a
well-designed organization structure will be a motivating factor to workers in
an organization. Such workers, having known the roles expected of them, their
relationship with other workers, their level within the organization as well as
the next level they can aspire to as shown in the organization chart, will
strive along with others towards realizing the organization goal at the
To achieve this, I intend to
examine leading theories in organization structure, its different models and
principles. Furthermore, questionnaires would be administered on workers of the
institute of management and technology (I.M.T) to know the working of
departments organization structure, observe nay possible lapses and make useful
suggestions for improvements.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTION/ HYPOTHESIS
well defined organization structure being about efficiency.
well design organizational structure lead to a clear order of responsibility.
well defined organizational structure in a firm promotes high productivity.
stated functions in an organizational eliminates duplication of functions.
1.5 SIGNIFICATION OF THE STUDY
The study will be therefore lies on
the recommendations made at the end of the study and its implementations.
In general, the research of immense
benefits of the following;
of duplication of function
staff to greater performance, clearly defined organization chart encourage
higher productivity in an organization.
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
of management and technology performance. Need of organization structure
some contemporary theories, models and principles on organization structure.
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
The researcher deemed it necessary to define or explain the
following term used in this piece of work.
a. Management: It is
the utilization of both human and material resources effectively and
efficiently in order to achieved the set goals and objectives.
b.Organizational Structure: It is a
mapped out patterns or a set out relationship between individuals position and
responsibility and authority in an organization in achieving its objectives.
c.Delegation: This is the
process by which an individual manager supervisor transfers part of his
authority or power of act to a subordinate to a particular work but, without
relinquishing the ultimate responsibility entrusted to him by his own superior.
d.Authority: This is the legitimate
power can be delegate. It is the right to do something.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
For more informations on project materials and more