research study tries to investigate the management problems of public
enterprises, a case study of Anambra motor manufacturing company (ANAMMCO)
One of the major objectives of any government is a stable growth
and development of the country through industrialization. One of the
avenues through which this is achieved is by the establishment of public
ANAMMCO, being a public enterprise, the researcher has undertaken
to investigate how much it has contributed to the general growth and
development of Nigeria and also investigate any managerial problems of may have.
This research study contains five chapters. Chapter one
introduction of the topic “management problem public enterprises (a case of
ANAMMCO) along with the statement of the problem, objectives of the study and
hypotheses. Chapter two talk about the review of the literature on the
topic. Chapter three is about the research methodology. Chapter
four talk about analysis and interpretation of data. Chapter five
contains conclusions followed by recommendations to the management of ANAMMCO.
It is the belie of the researcher that this research work will be
of great beretit to the management of ANAMMCO and other public enterprises that
may have similar problems.
1.1 Background of the study
1.2 Historical background of case study
1.3 Statement of problems
1.4 Objective of the study
1.5 Hypotheses formulation
1.6 Significance of the study
1.7 Scope of the study
1.8 Limitation of the study
1.9 Definition of term
2.1 Purpose of public enterprises
2.2 The history and growth of public enterprises
2.3 Structure of the public enterprises
2.4 Problems of public enterprises
2.5 Economic factors
2.6 Financial problems/ms management
2.7 Political factors
2.8 Ethnicity problem
2.9 Nigeria work attitudes
2.10 Administrative factors
2.11 Operational technical factors
2.12 Summary of the review
3.1 Sources of data
3.2 Research instrument
3.3 Population sampling and sampling technique
3.4 Methods of investigation
3.5 Reliability of instrument
3.6 Data press
3.7 Method of analysis
4.1 Data presentation and analysis
4.2 Testing of the hypotheses
SUMMARY OF FINDINGS AND CONCLUSION AND
5.1 Summary of findings
1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY
In any developing economy, the government is the main initiator
and promoter economic development, especially in Nigeria. In developing
countries, governments usually intervene some areas of the economic in which
the private sector cannot perform, according to Abubalar (1986) in order to
facilitate the federal government has instituted and made use of many public
enterprises over the years.
It would be recalled however that in the fifties and sixties,
agriculture was the main stay of the Nigeria economy. The early seventies
earned for Nigeria loge enude oil revenue at a level that never was
anticipated. This new dimension got government involved more with videly
diversified investments in areas that span both the traditional public sector
and exclusive private sector business.
As a result of this development in chide oil, agriculture that was
the main stay of our economy was later given less attention. Owing to this
circumstance, the government investments were sponsored mostly by the oil
revenues. The oil boom era (1974-1979) has been described as the golden
era for public investment. The government invested in over 30 parastatals
and companies within this period. Most of them have been unprofitable,
some cannot even meet their operating costs and have depended on government
subventions for their year to year survival.
Public co-operations in Nigeria have been considered inefficient
and wistful. This is because they have viewed it with the profit
criterion. Kindleberger (1986) however Hinks that this is not a fair
judgment, economic activities, it is usually not appropriate to use the
performance standard of the private sector “they are hoses is different
colours, the objective of private business is profit, while the government
enterprises is seines to the society or promotion of general welfare”.
Olisa (1985) said that prior to independent and after Nigeria was
faced with the problem of attaining her social-economic objectives, there was
no well destined capitalist class that could operate the much needed
development through their productive and industrializing activities. The
civil services at that time was inappropriate for accelerated development and
the country was saddened with the problem of running many business.
These parastatals are established out side the civil services and
this allows for greater freedom of action, quicker decision making which will
promote their efficiency and effectiveness. These corporations are
managed through government appointed officials who could utilize the profits
accruing from their operations in catering for the public interest
(ugwu:1990) said that in Nigeria, it is very unfortunate that
government have rapid development and this is because the management of these
enterprises have constituted the bane of these enterprises. Most of them
failed to meet people’s expectations in terms of provision of goods and
services and development in general. The commercially oriented ones
neither make profits or even sustain themselves. All efforts by successive
government yield no positive result despite various commissions of inquiry and
review parties. The performance of these enterprises still fall short’s of
people’s expectation. It is based on this that the researcher finds the need to
investigate these problems in Anambra motors manufacturing company (ANAMMCO).
BACK GROUND OF ANAMBRA MOTORMANUFACTURING COMPANY.
Anambra motor manufacturing company incorporated on the 17th of January 1977, was commissioned
on the 8th of july 1980 ,and
started official production in January 1981.
The company , which has a staff stein 9th of
seven hundred and ninety – four and an installed capacity of producing seven
thousand and five hundred commercial vehicles (T nick assembly) annually is
presently utilizing fifteen (15%) of installed capacity . its product range
includes Mercedes Benz trucks and buses of various sizes, fire fighting
vehicles, ambulance, refuse disposal vans as well as vehicle refurbishment. It
is however worthy of not that its production actinty is limited to assembly and
spare parts sales.
Incorporated with an authorized and fully paid up share capital of
seven million naira ,ANAMMCO was set up under a joint agreement between Nigeria
and Daimlar Mercedes Benz of Germany .Although it was initially licensed to
produce trucks, it later went into the production of buses.
And they set up with the objective of manufacturing and marketing
Mercedes Benz trucks and buses ,assisting in manpower development through
technology training, acceviating transport problem in the country, helping to
reduce unemployment in the country. ANAMMCO is located at Emene near Enugu.
With company operations organised into six functional divisions
and numerous departments under the division. Its board of director is made up
of six members. Anambra Motor manufacturing company has two workers union –the
senior and junior staff union.
1.3 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM.
It is important to note that public enterprises in any given
economy has important role to play in the rapid socio-economic development of
Government owned enterprises and business in Nigeria are
established to accelerate the pace of economic development in which government
is the major investor. Due to the important roles associated with the major
public enterprises in Nigeria. There is need for good management for its
efficiency. It is a fact that government spends large sums of money in setting
up these enterprises and thus, looks forward to making profit. As a result of
inefficiency in running these enterprise, federal government and state
government have in the recent past set up committee which studied the public
corporations and parastatals and recommended privatization and
commercialization of some of these enterprises. These enterprises perform so
poorly than privately owned business.
Since public enterprises are important in growth of any economy,
there is the need to investigate the problems of public enterprises in Nigeria?
Also, there is need to identify the reasons for criticism leveled against them.
Despite the enormous investment in public enterprises, is Nigeria obviously not
getting good value for the money being speny or invested on these public
enterprises. This gives the decision to this research on “management problems
of public enterprises in Enugu state” using ANAMMCO as a case study.
There is no need for management inefficiency due to the important roles
associated with the major public enterprises in Nigeria.
There is need for management proficiency due to the important roles associated
with the major public enterprises in Nigeria.
Government does not spend large sums of money in setting up these enterprises.
Government spend large sums of money in setting up these enterprises and thus,
look forward to parastatals and companies within this period.
There is no need for government enterprises in management efficiency
established business in Nigeria government.
There is need for government enterprises in management efficiency established
business in Nigeria government.
public enterprises are not important in their growth of any economy in which
both public and private enterprises operates.
public enterprises are not important in their growth of any economy in which
both public and private enterprises operates.
National economy was given attention to public sector and private sector.
economy was given less attention to public sector and private sector.
1.5 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
This study is aimed at the management problems of public enterprises
in Enugu state with a view to identifying these problems and therefore coming
up with solutions to them as related to the aforementioned corporation. This
study aims to:
Identifying some of management problems facing the public enterprises like
inadequate finance, poor managerial skills, inadequate infrastructural
Examining the influence of the problems on the corporators in particular and
state as a whole.
Identify if there is any impact of government interference on their performance.
Giving recommendation based on the fidings of the study and suggesting suitable
ways and strategies of improving the managerial efficiency.
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
In third world countries, public enterprises are noted for
their inefficiency and waste of resources. To save the situation,
an inquiry is needed in this sector of our economy especially at this
time of economic difficulties facing the country.
The country cannot Alford to encourage ort entertain any kind of
economic waste in our public enterprises since if efficiency is maximized, it
will definitely have a positive effect on the improve standard of living of the
general public. This is the significance if this study. It is roped
that the study of the management problems in the public enterprises in Enugu
state (ANAMMCO) will help management sort some managerial problems so that both
workers and organizations will benefit, and the public enterprises will achieve
more in future.
1.7 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This study seeks to cover various management problems identified
in the government owned establishment-Anambra motors manufacturing
company. The scope of this study covers whatever problems that will
hinder the profitability of this company, sustainability and continued
growth. They have so many opportunities to study and requires
series of contacts in their company.
Also they have useful data for kind of study that agencies
needed in their work for company.
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
warehouse is a commercial building for storage of goods. Warehouses are
used by many factors, importers and exporters, wholesales, transport business,
customs etc. they are usually large plain buildings in industrial parts
of town. They come equipped with coaling docks to load and unload trucks
or sometimes are loaded directly from railways, airports or seaports. they also
often lave cranes and forklifts for moving goods.
the process by which term applied to the craft or making the producers or a
product or service with customers, both existing and potential. It
provide any direction to someone hoping to market his products or
services effectively with that, a more modern explanation of what marketing is
and what makes it effective. Market56ing is a four step
process that begins with analying and defining a gualified universe of
potential users or buyers.
CONSUMER MARKET- The
consumer market deals with the last final customer who buys the product fdor
their aim satisfaction/personal use or student consumer, you could
possibly6 be a member of the markets of the markets for “brand name “
clothing and shoes, cottage book backpacks, newspapers and bicycles. The
consumer market covers a wide variety of people o0f different ages, tender race
and etc as long as they also the end user of product.
ENTERPRISE MANAGEMENT SERVICES
This provide complete life cycle and configuration management of
enterprise assets through an integrated toll suite, we provide “cradle to
grave” services utilizing a suite of product for4 standardized, repeatable
processes for procurement. The enterprise management service database
provides the resource for continually assessing and improving customer service.
Sales or the activity of selling forms an integral part of
commercial activity mastering sales is considered by many as some sort of
persuading “art on the contrary, the methodological approach of selling, refers
to it as a systematic process of repetitive and measurable milestones, by
which a sales persons relate his offering enabling the buyer to
visualized how to achieve his goal in a economic way. Selling is a
practical implementation of marketing. It often forms a separate grouping
in a corporate structure, employing a separate specialist operatives known as
How management proficiency be determined in public enterprise?
How effectiveness should the public enterprise in business
Can the government tackle the problems of the management of public
enterprise in Nigeria?
Could this problems of public enterprise enable them create
employment opportunities in Nigeria?
In what ways could the solution s of these problems helps
ANAMMCO to improve in their management functions?
What impacts could it create in the transformation of goods
in ANAMMCO productions?
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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