This project examined the use of the committee system in
organizational decision making. Literature related to the subject area
were reviewed in order to have a sound academic backing to the research work.
Secondary data and oral interview were used as a supplementary
instrument. Meanwhile, secondary data was collected from textbooks, journal
and the company’s record. The data obtained were presented and analyzed
using data of frequencies and the chi-square test statistics for testing.
Among others, it was found that capabilities of people were not considered
before appointing into committee and that through committee decisions costs
more, they are worth the cost because of the quality. We therefore
recommend among others that committee membership be restricted to those who
possess the capability/qualifications, experience and skills required for the
committees assignment and that organization develop strategies to ensure
reduction in the time, money and resources spent on committee.
1.1 Background to the
1.2 Statement of the Problem
1.3 Purpose of the
1.4 Scope of the
1.5 Research Question
1.6 Limitation of the
1.7 Definition of Important Terms
2.1 The Origin of the subject
2.2 Schools of Thought within the subject matter
2.3 The school of thought Relevant to the
2.4 Different methods of studying the problems
3.0 Research Design and Methodology
3.1 Research Design
3.2 Area of the
3.3 Population of the
3.4 Sample and Sampling
3.5 Determination of Sample Size
3.6 Instrument of Data Collection
3.6 Validation of Instrument
3.7 Reliability of Instrument
3.8 Method of Data Collection
3.9 Method of Data Analysis
4.2 Testing of Hypothesis
4.3 Summary of Results
Discussion of Findings, Recommendation And Conclusion
5.1 Discussion of (Results) Findings
5.3 Implication of Research Findings
5.5 Suggestion for Further Studies
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The use of the committee system of reaching decision is not new in
the public and private sector organization in Nigeria. A study of
Nigerian establishments shows that 78% of the organizations studies reported
the existence of one committee or the other. We are familiar with such
term as executive, advisory, legislative standing and adhoc committee that
exist in most public and private sector of organizations as tools for decision
making. Although, most decision in organizations are made after
consultation with those member of that organisation who have the special
knowledge or experience relating to the problem at hand or after consultation
with those whose advice is considered valuable. But there have been some
negative controversies as to the justification of the use of those specialized
managerial skills which can only be provided by committees. Many people
see committee especially in government owned establishment.
(a) Time consuming
(b) Very expensive
(c) Usually composed by unqualified personnel.
(d) A group of people whose decision is most often a
(e) A means through which executives hide their
On the other hand, opponents of this view state that the committee
system has the advantage of producing excellent judgment through combined ideas
that the development of personnel sense of judgment creating the chance of
greater acceptance of ideas etc. Thus there is a need for a balanced to
be struck between the demerits and merits of employing the committee system as
tool for reaching decisions in order to effectively develop and utilize them in
future for optimum results. Because of the extensive use of committee
system by the government parastatals.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The committee has some disadvantages and problems, those include
arrive at a generally acceptable decision. Committee is most often not
consumerate to the benefits derivable from their use. It is a fact that
it will cost an organization more to maintain several people working on the
same problem than if it were one person. Another problem is on the
educational and technical qualification of the members of the committee
especially in public sector enterprises in criticized on grounds of poor
qualifications of members.
Moreover, critics that most committees decision are compromise
decision. This is collaborated by a study of the public service which
showed that 55% of the respondents were of the view that committees were
guarantee doubts for making decisions. All these generate doubts as to the
effectiveness of the committee system of decision making.
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
This is empirical research work which has the purpose of
investigating into the use of committee in decision making. As a result
of the effectiveness and limitations of its use, it can be determined and
suggestions made on how best to use the system for making decision.
Specifically the study has the following objectives:
To ascertain policy towards the use of committees, and to identify
problems inherent in committee system of the organization. To examine the
method used in appointing members into committees at a company’s committee
system could be improved to properly function as an effective tool for
achieving better decision.
1.4 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The scope covers the use of the committee system for
organizational decision making with particular reference to the institute of
management and technology (IMT), Enugu.
1. What is the role of committee system in an
2. How authentic is the commission decision in an
3. What are the problems inherent in committee
4. What are the methods used in appointing members
of committee in an organization?
5. How can committee system be improved to insure
property function in an organization?
1.5 DEFINITIONS OF IMPORTANT TERMS
Body appointed to discharge special function by body including representatives
of separate appointing bodies, house of parliament sitting to discuss details
of committed built or can be defined as also person whom charge of lunatic is
Concerned with execution especially of laws and sentence and also a branch of
of deciding, settlement of an issue, conclusion come to or resolve made,
decisiveness of mind or deciding an issue or contribution to a battle or
Executive specially or describing of about the people that make law.
Organised body or system of society
Take counsel or seeking information or advice from person or book.
MAN POWER: All
employees in an organization from the chief executive office down to the
good reason why exists or is done I can see he possible justification for any
further tax increases?
agreement made between two people groups in which each side gives up some of
the thing they want so that both sides are happy at the end.,
strong or important that it takes up all your time and energy.
ability to make sensible decisions after carefully considering the best thing
to do accident was caused by an error of judgment on the part of the pilot.
decision was criticized by environment groups the government has been
criticized for not lacking the problem seriously.
are established company with a good reputation well known and respect in a job
etc that they have see doning for a low time an established act made official
for the country.
on experiments or experience rather than ideas or theories an empirical study.
importance the especially when the has then effect on what happens into future,
a decision or major political significance the treatment of the disease.
careful study of a subject, especially in order to discover new facts or
information about it.
person who has been chosen to speak or vote for else or an behalf of a group or
representatives of elected representatives in government a union
representative. The committee representatives from industry.
particular period during which a parliament is working parliament as it existed
between on general election and the next.
members of a political or other group whose news, are considered to be very
extreme and crazy.
heating switches off automatically turned left automatically without thinking.
the result long presence sentence can be a very effective deterrent for
group of people who are responsible for controlling a country or state.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
For more informations on project materials and more