2.3 Need of Organization and
Types of Organization Structure
2.4 Process of Designing and Organization
2.5 Common Mistakes in Organization Structure
2.6 Making Organization Structure Effective
2.7 Essence of Organization Chart
2.8 Essence of Organization Chart
3.1 Research Design
3.2 The Population
3.3 Sample Size
3.4 Source of Data
3.5 Method of Data Collection
3.6 Method Data Analysis
Data Presentation and Analysis
4.1 Presentation and Analysis of Data
4.2 Analysis of Data
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMEND
Every organization is made up of human and physical resources. The
resources are bought together in order to accomplish these objectives, tasks
must be identified, the tools and technology required must be provided and a
structure of relationships must be created. It is the sole function of
management to determine the best structure that will optimizes the utilization
of the resources.
Thus organization is a means of achieving the best result from concerted
effort, organizations deals with people and their relationship within an
It is the type of organization that determine the type of people
require and their relationships.
Osisoma defined organization as a social and technological device made up of
people and physical factors which process certain inputs, and execute functions
and tasks that lead to the accomplishment of specified objective”. Organization
is also two or more people working together in a co-ordinate manner to achieve
group objective or result.
Akpala said that “organizing is a management function of dividing out the
constitutions activities into elemental units for facilitating operations, of
grouping the units into wider sub-systems called departments branches or
division of placing people or decision makers on to the units created of
establishing functional or responsibility and authority relationships between
the various units and person holding offices”. Hodget said that “organizing
entail the assignment of duties and the co-ordination of efforts among all
organizational personnel to ensure.
Maximum efficiency in the attainment of predetermined objective.
Structure can be seen as a framework providing a pattern for organization
structure has been defined by Hurley as “patterns of relationships among the
various people occupying the positions” Yode said that “organizational
structure is a structure that provides a systematic arrangement of functional
assignments in which component parts have specialized duties, a;; presumably
contributing to the over all objective organization structure has also been
defined by Osisoma as “ the framework of the formal relationship within which
management can adequately and effectively control, supervise, delegate and fix
responsibilities and synchronize the work done by divisions, departments and
individuals” Nwachukwu opined that organizational structure. Involves dividing
activities into departments, divisions, units and sub-unit defining
relationships between the heads and members that make up the units” while
KWCHER and MASOW explained that an” organizational structure establishes the
responsibility and authority relationships between people in enterprise. The
purpose is to find the structure, which will be most efficient and effective.
They went further to defined the key word as follows: responsibility refers to
the set of duties one must perform, the requirement one is accountable for or answerable
to in order to achieve a purpose. Authority is the right or power to give
commands to others to perform duties and requirement” these views are in line
with the of hinterland, who defined organization structure as the pattern or
network relationships between the various positions and position holders.”
The arrangement within the framework of interaction in-the organizational is
hierarchical in the organizational is hierarchical. The definition by professor
Akpala which saw organizing as the management function of dividing out the
institutions activities into elemental units for facilitating operations of
grouping the units into wider sub-system called departments, branches or
division or establishing function or responsibility and authority relationships
between the various units and the persons holding offices, will be adopted that
the purpose of the study.
From the following definitions, organizational structure may be for the purpose
of this study be defined as the sanctioned network in interactions and
relationship between positions, their functions and occupants and a means
through which management attempts to achieve predetermined organizational
goals. These includes who reports to who, levels and patterns of communication,
the specific functions of members of the organization; the rules, regulation
and procedures that govern individual activities.
This is because the definition tries to bring in all the important
elements in the understanding of organizational structure. The important of
development of an appropriate organizational cannot be over emphasized. It
provides the over-all guider-line essential for effective employee performance.
The organizational structure provides the guidelines for clarifying and
communicating the line or responsibility, authority and accountability within
Organization structure shows clearly the authority relationship in an
organization. It vividly defines the centers of authority. Organizational
structure provides a framework within which delegation and assignment of
responsibility can perfectly take place. It shows line of communication and
also helps to provide an effective mechanism for monitoring performance and
taking corrective actions.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Main Problem: This
study set out to establish important functions and needs for a well-defined
organizational structure so as to prevent overlapping of functions in
purpose of the study is to examine how a well-defined organization structure
helps to achieve an organizational objective so as to bring about efficiency.
Sub-Problem II: The
purpose of the study is to investigate how a well-defined organization
structure is arranged in a firm or enterprise do as promote high productivity.
Sub-Problem III: The
purpose of study is to discover how organization structure is designed so as to
determine the other of responsibility.
Sub-Problem IV: The
purpose of the study id to examine critically how functions can be clearly shown
in an organization structure so as to prevent duplication of functions.
OBJECTIVE OF THE RESEARCH
The objective of this research is to establish the essence of a
sound organization structure as a means of achieving total management
effectiveness in an organization be it business, government, religion,
The study will
also point out how a well-designed organization structure will be a motivating
factor to workers in an organization. Such workers, having known the roles
expected of them, their relationship with other workers, their level within the
organization as well as the next level they can aspire to as shown in the
organization chart, will strive along with others towards realizing the
organization goal at the sometime.
To achieve this,
I intend to examine leading theories in organization structure, its different
models and principles. Furthermore, questionnaires would be administered on
workers of the institute of management and technology (I.M.T) to know the
working of departments organization structure, observe nay possible lapses and
make useful suggestions for improvements.
1.4 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
well defined organizational structure bring about efficiency
b. A well design organizational
structure leads to a clear order of
c. A well-defined organizational
structure in a firm promotes high productivity.
d. Clearly stated functions in an organization
eliminates duplication of functions.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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