This research work was on a study of the roles of effective leadership in the
achievement of organizational goals especially in the institution of management
and technology, Enugu. The research work also looked at the roles played by the
effective leadership in the achievement of IMT goals. Both primary and
secondary data were collected to solve the research problem.
The population of study was comprised the IMT management and
staffs/personnels. The research instruments used for data collected were both
primary and secondary data i.e. questionnaires, interview and personal
Tables and percentages were used in presentation and analysis of
Based on the data analysis, the researcher came up with the following
findings, it was observed that social, political and economic factors were
responsible for the inability of most effective leadership towards achieving
It was also observed that the role of effective leadership has
succeeded in eradicating low quality standard of education and other social
ill. Arresting the institution such as cultism etc. the study also revealed
that the roles of effective leadership are not very effective and efficient in
the achievement of organizational goals.
Based on the above findings, recommendations were made among which
is that adequate incentives package should be provided by the government for
the best leaders in our institutions/organizations for his or her excellence in
the discharge of his or her duties and in achieving he institutional goals.
In conclusion, the researcher believes that the roles of effective
leadership would be improved in order to create impact towards the achievement
of organizational goals. The researcher, to embark on fresh research study
using a larger population and sample size for better generation of results
obtained further suggested it.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.1 Background of the
1.2 Statement of the
1.3 Purpose of the
1.4 Scope of
1.6 Significance of the
1.7 Limitation of the
1.8 Definition of
Review of related
2.1 nature of leadership
2.3 Effectiveness of leadership
2.4 System problem in leadership and its environment
2.5 Leadership style in I.M.T / I.M.T
Research Design and
3.2 Area of the
3.3 Population of the
3.4 Sample and sampling
3.5 Instrument used for data collection
3.6 Method of data collection
3.7 Method of data analysis
Data presentation and
4.1 Presentation and analysis
5.1 Findings, recommendation and
5.3 Implication(s) of the research
5.5 Suggestion for further research
This research work is based on the evaluation of roles of
effective leadership in the achievement of organizational goals and objectives,
particularly in the institute of management and technology, (I.M.T), Enugu.
To make the reader get a clearer picture of the topic, this
project work has been divided into five parts. The first chapter, delved more
on the background of the research study, the statement of the problems, the
purpose of the study, scope, research questions which will provide answers to
the research hypothesis that will be tested in chapter four. The need for the
study and the various problems that poses the researcher in the course of
executing this research work.
The chapter two of this work deals extensively on the various
materials, books, journals and newspapers that deal more on the roles of
effective leadership in the achievement of organizational goal.
The chapter three deals more on the research design and
methodology of this research work.
The chapter four consist of presentation and analysis of data
gotten form the respondents while the cast chapter, which is chapter five deals
on the discussion, recommendation and conclusion of this research work.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
An effective leadership has been widely acknowledged as a potent instrument for
achieving organizational goals and objectives especially in the institute f
management and technology (I.M.T), Enugu.
Leadership is an important aspect of managing. The ability to lead effectively
is one of the keys to be an effective manager. The essence of leadership of is
follower-ship. In other-words, it is the willingness of people to follow those
whom they perceive as providing means of achieving their own desires, wants and
needs not those who would not provide means of achieving their own desires,
wants needs. That is why any organization that desires to achieve her
objectives must have an effective and efficient leadership who knows how to
apply all the management principles towards achieving her organizational goals.
The leaders must be one who is willing to work with zeal and confidence. Zeal
here reflects ardor, earnestness, and intensity in the execution of work and
confidence reflects experience and technical ability. To lead is to guide,
conduct direct and connivance others to do they want toward achieving
organizational goal. Leaders should not be people who do not stand behind a
group or organization to push and to prod but leaders should act to help a
group achieve objectives with the maximum application of it’s capabilities.
This is kind of leadership we desire to have in our institution, especially in
the institute on management and technology.
Furthermore, it should be noted that any organization without an effective and
efficient leadership is like one driving a car without a headlamp in the
night. This could be very dangerous and could also affect their chances
of achieving their objectives. Most of the organizations that do not realize
their goals could be attributed to inefficient and ineffective leadership.
For an institution like IMT, to realize all her laudable
organizational goals and objectives should have an effective leadership who
possesses all the qualities and characteristics traits.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The institute of management and technology IMT, Enugu has been one of he
leading higher institution in Enugu state and in Nigeria today in terms of
enhancing qualitative and quantitative education in both management and
technology. One of he objectives is the integration of the individual with the
society and the preparation of individuals for effective functions in the
To this regard, there have been concerted efforts made by both the federal and
state government and even the governing council in IMT, in enhancement of the
roles of the effective leadership in the achievement of her institution’s goals
But in spite of all the efforts being made by these bodies, most higher
institutions are still experiencing various problems in the attainment of their
goals particularly in IMT. There is relatively low level in the standard of
education, problems of incessant strike actions and school and closure, general
laxity among staffs and the union leaders. Mismanagement of funds by those the
helms of affairs, there is relatively low level of productivity as most
personnel are not putting in their best, poor planning and implementation, poor
institutional relations between the management and their subordinates. As this
will never bring fruitful result in the achievement or organizational goal
especially in IMT.
Therefore, the objective of this institute in this regard has not been
comprehensively met. One can therefore safely assume that when one had
passed through an institution like IMT, one will be well equipped or prepared
for participatory and leadership roles in the development of the Nigeria
society. This gives rise to the following pertinent questions as regards to the
above mentioned problems. What goals are they expected to pursue? What impact
would their roles have on the employee’s utilization of capability? What
leadership styles and the best climate would enable them achieve the
institution’s objective? What other possible ways would be recommended towards the
realization of these goals and objectives?
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
From all that have been said and written above, it is the purpose
of this study to take a closer look on the roles of effective leadership
towards achieving organization goals and objectives particularly in I.M.T.
Therefore, the following objective forms the basis of this research study.
i. To study the roles of effective leadership in
ii. To study the climate under which an effective
leadership will thrive.
iii. To study the relationship existing between the
institution leaders and management their subordinates.
iv. To identify the institutional problems
that would hinder the roles of effective leadership in achieving the
institutional laudable goals
v. To study the styles of leadership existing in MT.
vi. To study whether the students and employees are
satisfied or dissatisfied with the roles of effective leadership towards
achieving organizational goals particularly in IMT.
vii. Finally, to formulate policies and make
recommendations that would be more effective and efficient for effective
leadership in I.M.T.
1.4 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This geographical coverage of this study is limited to Enugu area
especially in the institute of management and technology I.M.T, Enugu. The
study shall review the roles of effective leadership towards the achievement of
organizational goals. The research study is also evaluated to see the
effectiveness of the roles of effective leadership in the achievement of
organizational goals especially in I.M.T, Enugu.
1.5 RESEARCH QUESTION
To solve the research problems, the researcher has asked the
i. Which leadership style in most preferred in the
institute of management and technology Enugu?
ii. Has the role of effective leadership any impact
on the employee’s utilization of capability?
iii. Have they made any contribution towards
achieving organizational goals?
iv. Has environmental factor affected the roles of
effective leadership towards achieving organizational goals?
v. Are their roles very effective and efficient in
their achievement of organizational goals?
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This research study is very timely, especially today that all
hands are on deck to enhance the development and growth of education in our
tertiary institution and nation wide. This study will be of immense benefit to
other business enterprises both public sector and private sectors on how to
determine the best leadership style to adopt towards achieving her enterprise’s
goals and objectives. In addition, the study will determine the factors or
problems limiting the attainment of organizational goals. It is expected that
the findings will help to bridge any gap that exist and that exist and to make
our tertiary institutions and other sectors adopt the best leadership style
aimed at achieving he laudable objectives. It is necessary to investigate the
roles of effective leadership in achievement of an organizational goals and to
evaluate their effectiveness especially today that we talk of granting her
autonomy in handling her own affairs.
It seems a lot of problems are being encountered that makes the
roles foe effective leadership not productive or viable.
This study will determine why most of effective leadership does
not achieve their goals in their organizational.
Business organization like IMT, Enugu must achieve her corporate
objectives in order to justify her existence. This cannot be possible without
the roles of effective leadership. Through this investigation every effective
leadership in any organization will understand their shortcomings or
weak-points and will subsequently adopt measures aimed at enhancing their goals
in achieving their organizational goals. The government will be in the position
to adopt the proper leadership style that will enhance the roles of effective
leadership style that will enhance the roles of effective leadership towards
the achievement of organizational goals particularly in I.M.T, Enugu.
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
This is generally defined as influence, the art of influencing
people that they will strive willingly towards the achievement of group goals.
This refers to the extent to which out put is in
line with organizational objectives.
This is defined as fitness of or power to
accomplish the purpose intended, it also describes the relationship between
resources consumed in the process of generating effective output and output so
This is the end towards which activities are
It is a combination off people or individual
effort working together in pursuit of certain common purposes called
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