The purpose of this study is to survey the possible of
establishing laundry and dry cleaning industry in IMT.
The review begins with a brief history of the institute of management and
technology (IMT) how it started, stages of growth, problems encounter by both
staff and students and how a laundry service could be helpful in alleviating
some of their problems. It then goes further to discuss about laundry and dry
cleaning in general.
The work is based on review of relevant literature was carried out to help the
researcher in her work. The questionnaire method was used for data collection.
The return was 430 out of 500. tables and percentage are used in the data
analysis some findings were made from the results of the analysis and these
confirm that laundry and dry cleaning industry is viable in IMT. On the basis
of the about some recommendations are made which the researcher hopes will be
useful if implemented.
The researcher hopes that an honest job has been in finding out students and
management problems could be solved.
It must be stated here that whatever opinion or ideal expressed in this work
are not with out with our faults since this type of work cannot see itself
It is sincerely hoped that this study will contributed its quota
in small study is assisting people who might wish to establish laundry and dry
cleaning industry or similar industry in IMT.
1.1 General Background of the
1.2 Problems associated with the subject matter
1.3 The importance of studying the area
1.4 Problems that study will be considered with
1.5 Definition of important terms
2.0 Literature Review
2.1 The origin of subject area
2.2 School of thought within the subject area
2.3 The school of thought relevant to the problems
2.4 Different methods of studying the problem
3.0 Presentation of data
3.1 Data presentation of the
1.1 GENERAL BACKGROUND TO THE SUBJECT MATTER.
The study intends to survey the possibility of establishing a
laundry and dry cleaning industry in to IMT.
The institute of management of technology (IMT) Enugu is one of
the first three post secondary technical institution set up between 1948 and
the early seventies since its founding from the merging of the former college
of Technology and the Institute of Administration in July 1st 1973 by government edicts No 10 to
assume the present name of the institute of management and technology (IMT) Dr.
Ukwu I. Ukwu was appointed the first chairman of council and it had professor
M.O Chijioke as the first Rector.
In October 1974 the institute opened its doors to student and 550
students were admitted in addition a 300-second year students inherited from
former college of Technology making a total of 880 student.
The institute is organized in schools and Department. The
convocation of the institute was held on 16th October
1976 and about 900 graduates received Diplomas licentiates and higher Diploma.
At present the school has grown boat in size and frame.
It has eight academic school and thirty-six academic departments
and also has the administrative decision namely the Rectory. Registry, Bursary
estates and works and library as well as medical service center with full time
medical need of student and staff.
All these expansion of the school require capital. The saying goes
success is not found by sifting the ashes of the past, but by being among the
first to explore and cultivates the fertile of the further Arnold Glassgow 1978
the institute engaged in a number of consultancy services and projects aimed at
generating revenue internally also the IMT management has constructed number of
canteen’s and store which they rented out to people and this generated fund to
the institute these help in alleviating outside to buy their goods and services.
Further more, the institute launched endowment funding during its
16th convocation ceremony and
out of one hundred million Naira was realized Emma Igwe may 1992.
The institute gets most of its capital from the state government
and supplement. It is with its internal generations. Since the state of the
fund allocation to schools by then Anambra State government following operation
generate your own fund announce has been finding it very difficult to pay its
workers and meets other obligation of students. The rector of IMT in
emphasizing the need for learning added that such conventional funding and
Students on the other hand are still suffering because some essential
service that would have helped them are still not there.
The academic had at the institute is so much that the student even
attended lectures up to 400pm daily at times. Lectures are even conducted on
weekends the institute operates two companies the independence layout campus
and Abakiliki Road campus lectures are conducted in each of the campuses and
for bus services are provided to students. The buses are few in number and
students have to scramble for them and as a result they success-incoming back
to hostels with dirty cloths.
Again there is inadequate supply of water at campus III of the
institute and many students reside there they only source of water supply is
through tanker, which operates only once daily.
Those at campus II have their own story to tell. They have steady
supply of the water and electricity aright but most of the lectures are held at
campus III with the result of they find it very difficult to do their laundry.
Many students due to accommodation problem use lecture rooms as their
hostels and this condition do subject them to constant washing of their clothes
at the expense of their studies some even prefer going to lecture with dirty
clothes and of course only God knows the consequences of such. Etc.
With the suffering encountered by students coupled with the
management financial predicament, it becomes pertinent to conduct a research on
the (possibility of cleaning technology) here in IMT.
Cleaning technology is the art and services of processing dirty or
solid fabric in order to remove soiling restores the original brightness
whiteness and special finishes which the fabric had lost as a result of wear
and tear of usage cleaning technology comprises both laundry and dry cleaning.
Laundry is the process of fabric with water and detergent. This to
a layman is know as “dry cleaning” cleaning on the other hand achieves some
objectives by employing non inflammable organic solvents that is trchloroethane
(2HCI3) perchlowthene (2CI4) etc.
A dry cleaning machine resembles a washing machine in that it
washes spin. Dries and completes drying by tumbling the textual in warm air
There are four different ways by which out wear becomes solid and
v Water borne
Atmospheric soiling occurs on atmosphere because garment is worn
and this through dusty atmosphere and dust constitutes soling.
Transfer soling on the other hand occurs when an outwear gets in
touch with a dirty surface and these are removed by normal surface and these
are removed by cleaning constituent staining.
Water soiling are those dirt which are formally in solution water
in a firm get in water born soling not containing transferable bacteria cannot
be ruled out sine water is an ideal environment for bacteria.
1.2 PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH THE SUBJECT MATTER
The IMT offer operation your own fund” is finding very difficult
to generate enough fund for its services.
Lectures are very intensive in IMT and there is no steady supply
of water in some of the campuses very many students cannot get accommodation
and as such make use of classroom for these reasons. Student find it very
difficult to do their laundry work.
The research, which will be carried out in IMT in this second
semester 2004, will survey a sample of IMT students. The result will be present
in table and analysis in percentages.
1.3 THE IMPORTANT OF STUDYING THE AREA.
Having noted the management and students problems. The purpose of
this study is to find the possibility of establishing laundry and dry cleaning
services industry here in IMT to serve the management from the financial
predicament and studied from suffering disease that could have arise from solid
Also time will be saved and students who go to town to obtain such
services before will achieve cost reduction.
1.4 PROBLEMS THAT THE STUDY WILL BE CONCERNED WITH
The study will be conducted in the institute of management and
technology Enugu and it will cover IMT eight (8) schools comprising of thirty
six (36) academic departments.
The study was carried yet not some limitations. There was scarcity
of books dealing and extensively on the subject laundry and dry cleaning
The researcher could have extended the survey to a wider area but
for the short time allocated for this project and the semester works which have
to go along with the writer finds it also difficult to obtain required
information from the few establishment laundry and dry cleaning industries because
the director of such companies induce information for fear of being copied.
Moreover lack of adequate financial resources for purchase of
relevant materials. Trips to libraries laundry companies’ literature review,
traveling to various departments to obtain vital information. This limited the
study to questing 430 students from eleven (11) departments only therefore the
research had to work within the limit of the materials and resources available.
This had some how affected/attributed to problem to the study the researchers
of the expected information and the time of final production.
1.5 DEFINITIONS OF IMPORTANT TERMS
Laundry: is the processing of fabric with water and detergent.
Dry cleaning: cleaning of cloths etc by the use of spirits instead
of water of the cleaning of textiles in an organic solvent.
Cleaning Technology: is the art or science of processing dirt or
coil fabric in order to remove soling and restore the original brightness
whiteness and special finishes which fabric had lost as a result of wear and
tear of usage.
Fabrics do threats woven together in any of various ways make
Atmospheric soling: this occurs on out wear because garments are
worn and the dust constitute.
Water borne soling” are those dirt which were formerly in solution
in water in a form get” in water.
Transfer soling: occur when an outwear gets into touch with a dirt
Staining: is that dirt that is not removed by normally cleaning
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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