This research work was informed by the
need for effective personnel policies in achievement of organization and their
effects on the overall effectiveness of such firms. This is due to the
dynamic nature of business environment and the nature of man-individual
In order to effectively conclude this work, the project is divided into
Chapter one introduces the project topic, state the general background of
study, statement of problem, purpose, and significant of study and in
conclusion the various terms used in the study are clearly defined.
In Chapter Two, effort was made to review related literature, historical
background of ANAMMCO, various types of policies, effects and their problems in
The research design, location, population and size of study were discussed in
Also treated in this section are the research instrument sued method of data
collection and method of data analysis.
The presentation and analysis of various data collected were also in chapter
three of this project.
Conclusively, the summary of finding made during the study, recommendations
made, and general conclusion were made by the research in all the three
chapter, among other references and bibliography.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
General Background to the subject matter
Problems Associated with the subject
Scope and Limitation of
Definition of Important
Review of Related
Historical Background of ANAMCO Ltd
Definition and Types of Personnel Policies
Effects of Personnel
Problems of Ineffective Personnel Policies
Data presentation (Highlights of he study)
Analysis of the
The achievement of any organization depends largely on its personnel
policies operative within the enterprise. These policies which are
usually initiated and formulated by a designated body within the organization
help in achieving the corporate objective of the business concern. It will
conceived and effectively implemented. It is noteworthy to state also the
success or otherwise depends also on the management effort to identify culture,
needs and objectives of the company and also the needs, wants, individualistic
differences of the employees and aspirations also thereof.
Effective personnel management man power planning involves the coordination of
a range of personnel polices and programmes. These policies include these on
the following areas of organizational functions. Manpower planning,
recruitment and selection, training and development, staff welfare, salary,
administration, termination and lay-off, health and safety industrial
relations, keeping of confidential staff records and promotion and compensation
of employees who distinguished themselves among others etc.
As earlier indicated the concept of culture is most important to managers as it
influences organization structure, leadership philosophy, selection, discipline,
wage and salary administration, interalia. Cultural traits go a long way to
influence the pattern of initiating and formulating of policies. These
traits include among other things, the values, beliefs and sentiments internal
to the individuals within the society or its sub division. In this case
therefore, the concept of what people are like, influences managerial
behaviour, and hence determine the nature and made of implement policies with a
view to effectively achieve the desired goals, the effective manager usually
draw up from various theories and experiences in his efforts to harmonize
individual and organizational objectives, which is the key to leading.
Conclusively, policy as a statement of aims and illness on how to achieve set
objectives, management should be well informed of the employees needs,
aspiration and individualistic differences so as to incorporate same in its
initiation and formation of policies with a view to making them more effective
and result oriented.
1.1 GENERAL BACKGROUND TO THE
In the past, many organizations, profit and non-profit oriented never attached
much important to the personnel department and its role in the general
attainment of organizational objectives. Its existence and roles were
never accorded any pride of place, due to the fact that little was known about
it as a major strategy employed to achieve organizational efficiency and
productivity, especially in the place of Human Resources Management.
However, in the recent past, personnel functions stated to attract recognition
in the management setting. As a major tool for attaining organizational
goals separate department as is called in some organizations. The
functions, though appear advisory and facilitating in nature, help the top
management to take managerial and administrative decisions for the attainment
of the set goals.
Personnel policies and programmes are usually initiated and formulated to guide
the enterprise concerned in the recruitment and selection of staff training and
development, health and safety, welfare services salary and wage
administration, industrial relations, inter-alia.
The success or failure of many organization hinges on the achievement or otherwise
of the set personnel policies operatives in them. For an organization to
attain or achieve higher efficiency and productivity in its operation, it must
have effective policies in various fields as enumerated above including
policies on promotion of workers.
The researcher’s aim here is to find out the various personnel policies and
their effects on the organizational effectiveness in the pursuit of this
therefore, Anambra motor manufacturing company ANAMMCO was chosen as a case
In ANAMMCO, various personnel policies used were studies, and their effects
identified. Also studied during the research work is the mode of execution.
1.2 PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH
THE SUBJECT MATTER
The failure of many organizations can be
attributed to a number of factor which are associated with the subject
mater. Below are some of the associated problems.
Poor personnel management. The root of most employees problems is poor
personnel administration. Most business concerns are more convinced about
production, sales and finance to the detriment of personnel matters. They
forget personnel matters until crisis set in, which may result to a serious
problem where workers may ground their tools and embark on strike action or
Lack of skillful Human Relations. There is the problem of co-operation
between employees and the employers. Where this problem exists, the
resultant effects may be general apathy towards work, half-hearted efforts
absenteeism and lateness to work.
Ineffective policies on labour relations relating with industrial disputes many
general serious problems in the organization.
If they fail to initiate change now, what will be the repercussions and
If policies or change are initiated and introduced of what effects have they on
the organizational achievements?
These among others, pose serious problems in most organizations and they go a
long way to affect the effectiveness, or otherwise of the enterprise concerned.
However, as an indicative signals, a problem in any of the following areas will
suffice that al is not well with the relevant policy in operation.
The rate of labour turnover
The level of absenteeism
The level of productivity and quality of work produced
The level of wastage; and
The safety records.
1.3 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
In essence, research work is aimed to serve certain significant roses in relation
to individual or group of individuals or a particular events. The way and
manner the staely influences significantly their attitude towards the
particular issue studies by the researcher.
In view of this, therefore, the research wink becomes significant to both.
The management employee of labour
The labour employees
Another significant aspect of this study is that it will help today’s managers
and the to overcome the challenges posed by dynamic trends in business
Moreso, it is therefore hoped that the result of the study will serve a
significant role in shaping the organization’s policies towards the attainment
of the overall. Objectives and also to assist other beneficiaries in other
related areas of human endeavour.
1.4 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This study is aimed at finding out the various personnel policies and
programmes operative in organization and also how they effect or influence the
effectiveness or otherwise of such enterprises.
It also goes further to unravel some of the related problems associated with
the ineffective personnel policies.
Further still, to identify the nature and place of personnel department in the
organizational setting of ANAMMCO Ltd and its roles towards the attainment of
the set goals.
and concluded to serve the
purpose for which it is intended.
DEFINITIONS OF IMPORTANT TERMS
Culture –culture is defined as shared
believe, values attitudes and expectations about appropriate ways to behave as
held by the members of a social group.
Herzberg tow factors theory: This is a theory of inetivation proposed by
Fredrick Herzeberg in the late 1950’s resulting from job satisfaction in which
he found that satisfaction and dissatisfaction with work are caused b two
different factors he called satisfier (motivators) and dissatisfies (Hygiene
Labour Turnover: this is defined as the percentage of the total labour
force of an organization leaking its employment and being replaced over a given
period of time.
Manager: This includes anyone involves in the administration of an
organization with the authority to use in organizational resources like money,
labour or equipment in furtherance of the organization’s objectives.
Motivation: This is defined as the psychological process which involves
the experiencing of needs and drives and behaviour that leads to the goal which
satisfies them. It refers to factors that predispose people to act in one
way rather then another.
Policy: A policy is a statement of aims and ideas on how to achieve a
given set of objectives. A company’s policy refers to its standing plan
of action to guide its methods of operation.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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