The Relationship Between Planning and Control
The Relationship Between Planning and Control to Productivity
Discussion, Recommendation, Conclusion
Implication of Research
Suggestions for Further
The research project is a very crucial study for the JUHEL (Nig) Ltd. The study
was not wasted by the necessity to establish the extent of the planning and
controls tool for increased productivity.
To solve the research problems both primary and secondary data were collected
the research instruments used in collected the data were questionnaires and
personal observations. The respondents comprised of the workers of the company.
In organizing the presenting data collected table and percentage were used. The
various hypotheses were tested.
Data analysis and interpretation gave the following finds;
That the responsibilities do not absolutely appreciate the organization
That the management was not focusing on the effort of workers or employees
whose work is being directed and this affects the level of productivity based
on findings, the research recommends that;
Appropriate organization planning which covers a number of related matters
ought to be practice these includes;
The relationship between division, departments section (and then managers) with
the same business. Establishing the span of control of each manager.
Establishing the “span of control”
Determine the degree of centralization which is apply to the business.
The firm should focus on the efforts of workers whose work is being directed.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Every organization either public or
private will desire to continuously have increased productivity In its
production. This need always arises when resources have been committed in line
with demand for growth or success. It ought to be agreed that activity
that follows the utilization of resources in an organization will help to
determine the level of success of result or success in the capacity of utilize
the existing resources to meet the over expanding demands can be described as
productivity, beside, this productivity is accepted to measure how well
resources are brought together in organizations and utilized for accomplishing
a sets of results.
In designing an environment for the effective performance that leads to
increased productivity of individuals working together in groups the most
essential task is to see that purposes and objectives, and methods of attaining
them are clearly understood. If group effort is to be effective, people must
know what they are expected to accomplished. This is the function of planning.
Planning is a constituent process of scientific management that attempts to
achieve maximum operational efficiency by predetermine methods and procedures
expressed in plans and followed by the stage of inducing the operations to
conform to the plans. It optimum efficiency accelerates increased productivity
with the technique of control.
It obvious that before a control technique can be use or a system devised
controls and it must be on plans and the clearer, more complete, and more integrated
plans are the more effective controls can be. It is as simple as this; there is
no way that manager can determine whether their organization unit is
accomplishing what is desired and expected unless they first know what is
Controls are the reverse side to coin of planning. First, managers plan,
then plans become the standards by which desired actions are measured. This
simple truth means several things in practice. One is that all meaningful
control techniques. Another is that it is fruitless to try to design control
without first taking into account plans and how well they are made.
The desire for increased productivity in an organization is affected where the
major pre-requisite for the implementation of planning and control is not given
attention. Many failures in planning and control have been caused by a
lack of understanding of the fundamentals.
There fundamental purpose are several by planning before performance. The first
of these concerns policy, for which the plans must prescribe the detailed
application. Besides, since the efforts of all will be harmonized by workings
to plans have a common origin a second purpose, that of the co-ordination of
strength will be the third purpose of planning lies in the focusing of the
efforts of everyone whose planned work is being directed. Since the purpose of
control is to measure activities and takes action to ensure that plan are being
accomplished, we must also know where in an enterprise the responsibility for
deviating from plans and taking action to make correction lies. Control of
activities operates through people. But we cannot know here the responsibility
of deviation and needed action is unless organizational responsibility is
clears and definite. Therefore control can come into effect only when plan have
been adopted and instructions issued to all affected by the plans to take
Again, as in the case of plans the clearer, more complete and more integrated
organization structure, is the more effective control action can lead to
The merits of planning and control under a complete and well integrated
structure are inexhaustible. Little wonder, most big organizations with the
understanding of effectively plan and control for improved productivity. How
far does the management of JUHEL (Nig) Ltd Enugu, believes in planning and
control? On the part of the productivity of the company, how effectively has it
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The need for organization desiring to
increase it productivity, hence to have more complete and an integrated
organization structure. Most writers in management keep emphasizing this
need but most organizations especially in the developing countries are either
not aware its relevance or think it is a waste of scarce economic resources.
Most organizations including government parastals do not seem to have clearer,
more complete and well integrated structure where basic principle must be
complied within all applications of control to ensure that there is no clash of
orders or confusion within the undertaking. But what seems to happen is that
managers can find themselves in knowing that something is going wrong in their
company or department and not knowing exactly where the responsibility for the
trouble lies. If costs are too high a promised contract is late, or inventory
is beyond desired limits, but managers do not know where the responsibility for
the deviation lies, those incharge of an operation are powerless to do anything
about the situation such organization ought to have limited opportunity for
increased productivity as the producers of planning and controls in filled with
clash of orders or confusion within the understanding.
It is for this reason that researcher has decided to carry out an evaluation
study on the effectiveness of planning and control in JUHEL (Nig) Ltd. Enugu.
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of this study includes the following;
To determine whether JUHEL (Nig) Ltd Enugu embarks on planning and control.
To determine its effectiveness in the organization
To find out whether there is complete and clearer organization structure in the
To determine how integrated the structure of the organization is.
To determine the effect of the structure of the organization is.
To determine the effect of the structure on planning and control in line with
To recommend as to how to make planning and control more effective and
1.4 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The research work will focus on planning
and control of JUHEL (Nig) Ltd. Enugu with a view to improved its productivity.
1.5 RESEARCH QUESTION
How does planning and control increase the productivity of JUHEL (Nig) Ltd.
How far does the management of JUHEL (Nig) Ltd. Enugu believe in planning and
Has it reduced the cost of services?
Has it increased the productivity of JUHEL (Nig) Ltd. Enugu?
1.6 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
The operation of planning and control does not increase productivity.
Welfare and satisfaction of worker in operation of planning does not increase
1.7 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Organizations, both in the public and private sectors, have not fully realized
the importance of effective planning and control. This research work is
therefore timely as it seeks to emphasis the importance of planning and control
of organization with JUHEL (Nig) Ltd. Enugu, Enugu State as a case study.
Many researchers have been carried out in the area of planning alone with
control being ignored in the sense that complete, clearer and well integrated
organization structure as the fundamental problem has not be addressed.
This is why the researcher deemed it necessary to being the twin concept of
planning and control as a tool for increased productivity. This work will
therefore be invaluable to organizations (both profit and non profit) which are
future-oriented and with long term survival as their major objective.
1.9 DEFINITION OF TERMS
PLANNING: It is service
activity in which experts in the work being planned select the techniques and
procedures necessary for optimum utilization of resources to fulfill the aims
and objectives of the enterprises.
CONTROL: The regulation work
activities in accordance with predetermined plans so as to ensure the
accomplishment of organization objectives.
performance, result are components of a productivity effort, but they are not
equivalent terms. Productivity covers almost all spares of activity where with
a given input, and output is expected.
ORGANIZATION STRICTURE: It is
the breakdown of management responsibility into appropriate sections and the
determine of the relationship between the sections.
POLICY: It is a pattern of
direction for the guidance of those who carry responsibility for the management
of the activities of the enterprises.
CENTRAL STATISTICAL OFFICE: It
is where factual data are complied and processed for use in planning.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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