This study is based on an in-depth work on the orientation to work
and organizational commitment with special reference to Enugu South Local
In contemporary times, workers orientation has become a popular
phenomenon in many organizations. This programmes is necessary in order to
increase their ability, skill and knowledge. It is also anticipated that a good
orientation to work and organizational Commitment will induce the employees to
work hard and also improve their general attitude towards the progress of the
This study is carried out to examine the orientation to work and
organizational commitment in Enugu. South Local Government area both primary
and secondary data were extensively made use of. Also a survey research was
conducted with 286 respondents drawn from senior and Junior staff. The sample
size for the study was gotten by the use of Yaro Yamain statistical formular.
1+ N (e) 2
The highlights of the result of the findings are as follows;
- From the research study the researcher found out
that having a good deal of autonomy makes Enugu South Local Government area
workers to becomes oriented to work.
- It was also found that the salary is meager and
- Organizational Commitment enhances knowledge
among its workers, but their performances were not satisfactory.
- The working environment is very poor and that
adequate facilities their duties effectively.
Based on the findings, several recommendations were made, among
which is that, it should be considered a matter of necessity for the
organization of Enugu South Local government area, to be more responsive to the
orientation to wok and organizational commitment of workers and review the
programmes periodically so as keep with other viable organization in the
Finally, for a successful research work to be carried out, this study was
divided explained in the main body of the research work.
1.1 Background of The
1.2 Statement of The Problem
1.3 Purpose of The
1.4 Scope of the Study
1.5 Research Question
1.6 Research Hypothesis
1.7 Significance of the Study
1.8 Definition of Term (If
Review of Related
2.1 Meaning of
2.2 Classification of Orientation to
2.3 Correlates of organizational Commitment
2.4 Theoretical of Perspective
2.5 Workers Orientation in Enugu South Local
Research Design and Methodology
3.1 Research design
3.2 Area of the study
3.3 Population of the study
3.4 Sample and sampling
3.5 Instrument for Data Collection
3.6 Validation of the instrument
3.7 Reliability of the instrument
3.8 Method of Data Collection
3.9 Method of Data Analysis
Data Presentation and Analysis
4.1 Presentation and Analysis of Data
4.2 Testing of Hypothesis
4.3 Summary of Results
Discussion, Recommendation and
5.1 Discussion of Results/Findings
5.3 Implication (s) of the research findings
5.5 Suggestion for further research
5.6 Limitation of the study
This study focuses on employee work orientation and as it affects
organizational commitment. The point is that people have different aspirations,
expectations and views, about work which invariably affect the degree of their
commitment to the organization in which they work.
This work is therefore part of the scholars as to
what particular work orientation best engenders favorable work attitudes and
commitments; two distinct groups are involved in this debate.
They are the instrumentalists represented by Taylor (1911) and
cold horpe et al (1997) argued that extrinsic orientation, and the self
actualization school who emphasize intrinsic aspect of work. Writers in this
later group includes Herz berg (1989:113), Brown (1989: 14) Hall and Schneider.
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY:
Work is one Phenomenon, which is inevitable in the universe and
invariably affects the entire aspect of human life. “ There is percussive
evidence that work is a major formative experience which can either promote or
limit a man’s growth in ways which affect the whole man and which therefore
shape his life outside the job as well as within it” (for 1971). Some modern
industrials doctrine of work advocates the philosophy, which ascribes to work
on extrinsic meaning. It expects work to filed predominantly extrinsic
satisfaction to the workers. Work is mainly seen in terms of its instrumental
characters as a means to some end, it be comer a means of trying to meet the
ever rising material standard of life an d the pursuit of reinsure activities
outside work environment: an avenue consumption late. Also other philosophies
of work however, ascribe to work an intrinsic meaning.
This conception of work is mainly advocated by the
self-actualization school. There work can abilities and enjoy the satisfaction
This research work centers on the organizational orientation and commitment to
word. According to Royer Benneth (1981) orientation is the way by which people
are meant to understand all that is obtainable in their work and the
environment. It is equally how people view their work situation in terms of
what one desires to achieve.
However in an organizational commitment orientation to work the management
makes several things known to the worker as regards to the performance of his
job and in line with the organizations laid down rule and regulations. This is
designed to provide a new employee with the information needed to function
comfortably and effectively in the organization by Ile .M. (2000).
Organizational orientation conveys three things.
(i) General information about the daily work routine
(ii) A review of the organizations history, purpose,
operations and products or services as well as how the employee’s Job
contribute to the organizational needs .
(iii) A detailed presentation, perhaps in a brochure
of the organization’s policies work rules and employees benefits.
In the area of commitment to work many employees (workers) feel
anxious on entering an organization. They worry on how well they will perform
in the Job, they feel inadequate compared to more experienced employees and
they are concerned on how well thing will get along with their co-workers.
Orientation programmes reduces the anxiety of new employees by giving them
information the Job environment and on supervisors by introducing them to
co-workers, and by encouraging them, to ask questions. If the expectations of
the employees are not compatible with that of the organization there will be
dissatisfaction and work commitment of the employee would be drastically low
Steers and Porter (1979:333) stated that organizational orientation is the
guided adjustment of employee to the organization and his work environment.
Organizational orientation helps the workers in the following ways;
(i) To overcome axial shock.
(ii) To satisfy the employees need for acceptance and
motivates the employee to work as a member of a group.
(iii) It gives the employee the feeling of being
wanted by the organization irrespective of how insufficient his contributions
to it may be.
Enugu South Local Government was created 27th September
1991 out of the then Enugu Local Government now Enugu North. The population as
at 1991 was three hundred and seventeen thousand and sixty-seven(317,067). It
comprises of five autonomous communities 012; Amaechi, Ugwuagi, Akoute, Obuagu
and Urban Ward, Idaw- river Layout, Uwani and so on. It has thirteen wards. The
first executive Chairman was Mr. Ike Ngwu from Amaechi, who took over from a
sole administration, Dr. Raymond Okenwa in 1992. the present acting Chairman is
Honorable Samuel Ngene from Obeagu.
However, Local government Administration has a chequered history and passed
through many stages. Therefore, the research shall bristly discuss the employee
orientation to work and organizational commitment in Enugu South Local
Government in the literature review.
Many Local governments see their Jobs as governments work and
therefore is no body’s work, sequel to the above, there has been a poor working
attitude, absenteeism, ineptitude, redundancy and how productivity. The
following problems have been identified as the major cause of their poor
attitude to work, and also.
(i) Lack of proper orientation of workers by the
(ii) The Lukewarm attitude of
Nigeria workers in the Local government system as it concerns ethics and code
(iii) Lack of training and inexperience among workers
as a hindrance to their commitment in the organization.
(iv) Poor Leadership qualities of the Local
So the researcher wants to find out why and proffer a suggestion.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
This study has set out a number of objectives which it
strives to achieve these objectives are born out of the need for modern
managers to always strive towards achieving a synchronization of the
i. To identify id workers were given orientation as
new intakes to enhance their commitment in the organization.
ii. To identify whether important variable that
might be positively or negatively related to employee commitment in the
iii. To ascertain if particular work orientation that
is most suitable to Enugu South local Government.
iv. To determine the need for the management to
always emphasize on workers priority aspirations.
v. To find out the level of organizational
Commitment is it related to employee’s orientation and performance.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This study is primary concerned with the workers orientation to work and
organizational commitment. This study/project work covers Local government on
the workers of Enugu South Local Government. This is a result of some
constraints being encountered by the researchers among which are time, attitude
of respondent, distance and finance.
Do Enugu South Local Government have a work orientation package
makes Enugu South Local government workers to become oriented to work?
ii. What makes Enugu South Local government workers
to engages in organizational commitment?
iii. Has organizational commitment enhance knowledge
among its workers?
iv. What are the causes of non-commitment to work?
v. Are the workers motivated as to have a good job
orientation and commitment to their work?
1.6. RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
Ho: The government of Enugu South does not
assists in to keep a healthy and safe environment.
Hi: The government of Enugu South
assists in helping to keep a healthy and safe environment.
Ho: There is no relationship between organizational Status
of workers and emphasis on intrinsic needs of work.
Hi: There is a relationship
between status of workers and the emphasis on intrinsic needs of work.
Ho: There is no relationship between
orientation to work and organizational commitment.
Hi: There is a relationship between
to work and organizational commitment.
SIGNIFICATION OF THE STUDY
This research work based on it’s theoretical and practical nature would benefit
managers, research experts and entire organization in the following ways:
i. It would
help the managers in restrictive work contents and processes in order to
achieve the set organizational goals.
ii. It would
enable the manager to arraying organizational conditions and operation so that
the employee can achieve their own goals.
iii. It is an avenue for the manager to learn the
impact of motivation and orientation to employee’s organizational
broaden the horizon of employee as regards to their commitment in the organization.
would enable the managers to utilize the full potential of its work force.
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
TO WORK: Is
said to be an expression or refection of how individual view his work situation
in terms of what he or she desires to achieve or no.
This refers to these factors, which are capable of influencing
employees organizational commitment.
They include education, opportunity importance to the
organization and so on.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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