The trend contemporary to the business organizations of our time is that the
business organizations owe certain responsibilities to the area, more
specifically, inhabitants of the environment in which the business operates.
Among these responsibilities is social responsibility. Every organization
is expected to show interest on the issues relating to its responsibilities,
and should by no way attempt to evade or ignore it.
An organization’s sensitivity to its social responsibilities measures its
reputation and standard in the society and also improves the attainment of both
efficiency and prosperity by its efforts.
In essence, there is an irrefutable need for consideration of an organization’s
reaction to its social responsibilities. This need is manifest in the
fact that such organizational reaction or behaviour, reflects the humanitarian
or philanthropic disposition of the business organization towards the people
living in the environment where it is operating.
Consequently, this research work conducts an introspective and analystical
surveillance on the effects of social responsibility on business
organizations. This project also has an array of suggestions on how to
encourage and improve the organizational behaviour in such a way to sensitize
them on the need to discharge their social responsibilities.
In the introducing chapter which include the statement of the problem, and the
significance of the study shows that even the research question and hypothesis
are all necessitated this research and as such will guide to easy comprehension
of the study.
The second chapter elaborated on reviews of related literature, carried out by
authors that are variously experts on certain components of the research
topic. The result of these reviews are tactically employed to throw more
light on this present study.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
General Background to the Subject Matter
Problems Associated with the Subject
Problem(s) that the Study will be Concerned with.
The Importance of Studying the
Definition of Important
The Origin of Subject
Schools of Thought within the Subject
The School of Thought Relevant to Subject Area/problem of Study
Different Methods of Studying the Area
Data Presentation (Highlights of the
Analysis of the
Responsibility means accountability.
Therefore social responsibility means or may be defined as an obligation to
fulfill certain positive duties in one’s environment or society.
Social responsibility of business therefore suggests the obligation a firm must
undertake to discharge on its are of operation or to individuals working for
such firm or organization.
From the above expostulations, it is evident that the social responsibility of
a form consists of both internal and external commitments.
The essence of scrutinizing the degree to which a firm fulfills its obligation
to the society and its employee is a direct measure of the integrity of that
firm, as well as the determinant of its place in this era of modern business
Also very important to note is the fact that a business in discharging its
social responsibilities satisfactorily simultaneously attracts to itself both
prestige and progress – as the people are more want to patronize its product
and acclaim its modesty.
Moreso, just like Shakespeare wrote “The abuse of greatness is when it disjoins
remorse from power”… it will be a gross anti-humanity for a firm to enjoy all
it benefit alone, without remembering the goose that lays the golden eggs.
Common sense therefore demands that production other manufacturing firms should
for some of their activities that releases adverse social effects viz
environmental pollution, decay, health hazards, displacement of human
settlement etc. discharge certain compensative duties.
Some developed countries, especially the industrialist countries of the western
block, out of altruism and not compensation, fulfill certain gratis to the poor
undeveloped countries that are its raw materials procuring sources. This
shows that apart from the commitment by reason to ameliorate adverse effects
initiated or caused by its activities on the people and place of its operation,
that a business can also carry out certain services of the society, on a pure
Samaritan or humanitarian basis.
A business that is conscious of its social responsibilities is a sure tool for
securing economic upliftment and growth. It is therefore very laudable of
every business to always accommodate its social responsibilities when drafty
its annual budgets – and also perform other social functions that contribute
positively to its area of activity.
1.1 GENERAL BACKGROUND OF THE
To discuss in entirely all the outlets
through which businesses carryout their social responsibilities to the society,
and its employees may be a Herculean task.
Nevertheless, the social responsibility of business organizations fall under
three basic captions viz:-
Eradication of poverty and discrimination
Ecology and environmental protection
It therefore the background of
the study to emphasis on the effects of social responsibilities on business
organization in Enugu State.
The instance social responsibility
is mentioned what quickly comes to the mind is an obligation which the business
is bound to, or expected to fulfill to the society in which it is operating.
It also should be noted that
act observation of its social responsibility by a business is an indication of
morality and sound social ethnics as virtues of such business, and is not in
any way a deviation from the companies stated objectives.
Saddeningly, some firm observes
its social obligations not because of consciousness of duty but because of the
effects of this observation on the business.
To this end, organization
certainly will do better if appropriate legislation are passed unto its
activities by the government, with respect to its relationship with both human
and environment factor in its area of activities.
Taking the aforementioned,
three basic classification of social responsibilities of business organizations
one by one, and synoptically too, let us see how it affect the social sphere.
Eradication of Poverty and Discrimination
The business owes the society the obligation of helping in the war against
poverty and discrimination. This is done visa-avis provision of
employment opportunities and offering of gratis or bonus pays. It also
fights discrimination by condemning tribalism or ethnicsm in its internal
operations especially as relates to personnel or staff matters.
Ecology and Environmental Protection
The society should endeavour to minimize the degree of pollution it causes by
its activities. Construction and rehabilitation of drainage and disposal
systems will ensure this. Medical facilities should also be built to salvage
the victimized masses of the area.
The business organization should be co-operative with government’s endeavours
to protect consumer interests. This the business can do by clinical and
hygienic production culture and respect for quality standards.
1.2 PROBLEM ASSOCIATED WITH
Based on this research work, business
organizations encounter some problem that affect the organization
negatively. Some of these problems are as follows:-
Some organization have insufficient managerial and financial resources with
which to offset social changes.
DISPARITY OF ORGANIZATIONS WITH GOVERNMENT REGULATION
Owing to the over cumbersome social demands on businesses by some state
government’s legislations, some business organization could not fit in.
CONFLICT OF SOCIETAL VARSUS COMMUNAL VIRTUE
Social values and cultural dispositions of some communities affect the
operation activities of business organizations.
The contribution of social problem based personnel responsibility affect
negatively, the business organizations. This can be proved by observing the
high rate of exploitation, embezzlement, corruption, bribery, ethnicusm and
discriminations going on in offices. All this vices most often sums up to
create a disrepute or motoriety for the business and consequently leads to poor
1.3 PROBLEM(S) THAT THE STUDY
WILL BE CONCERNED WITH
The aim of the study is to analyze and
evaluate the effects of social responsibilities on business organizations in
Enugu State. Every organization is bound both by common sense and
legislations to execute certain responsibilities, through of social nature, to
both the communities, it is operating in and the individuals working in
The research also aims at
obtaining a specific goals for this discharging of duty by organizations for
the social benefits of the community in which it operates.
Ultimately, we can observe that
the business organization owe social responsibilities to societies in its
different environment, viz.
Referring to the business
environments cited above, we can also observe that in the market environment
the business have the consumers to please, at the societal environment. The
common unity and finally in its internal environment, the manpower or its
1.4 THE IMPORTANCE OF STUDYING
The significance of this research work
lies in the fact that it will enable business organizations in Enugu State to
be more sensitized towards carrying out appropriately, its social
responsibilities to the society and its own manpower.
The research will also examine the weakness inherent in a business
organization, with respect to its discharging of its social responsibility to
The study will expose these weakness trace their possible causes, and suggest
ways of solving them. It also shall create a reference source to further
study by other school and professionals. This is understandable as
execution of research studies or projects relies more in literature reviews and
collection of data from secondary sources.
Also among the merits of this study is the possibility of discovering other
latent situations, which when keenly assessed, will contribute immensely
towards the business growth discoveries that may be likened to what industrial
processes and science call a by-product.
1.5 DEFINITION OF THE
Below is a list of important and
consequently the most recurring term in this report;
A group of people performing certain activities for actualization of common
goal which are profit and survival and growth.
A word used synonymously with business.
The factor responsible for coordination, directing and managing at all the
other factors of production. Also called entrepreneur.
A task something or some one should and must do.
The state of being liable or
accountable to something. In this case, the business repetorie for the
Laws or decrease emphasized in the constitution of Nigeria, which must be
A business unit producing only one product type or performing the same
A group of firm producing different items or operating at different
stages of production.
A duly registered business which may be a firm.
The totality of both living and non-living components that makes up our
environment (the study of this aspect of Biology).
The concept of emphasizing on the well being and comfort of the consumers or
A duty which something or someone owes to the society and individuals.
A blessing, a gift given without expectation of reward.
The comprehensive estimate of expectation income and expenditures of an
organization for one business fear.
Anything that can satisfy a want in this context, the out put of a firm or
All the forces encountered by a business in its marketing or selling frontier
All the human resources that are directly related to an organization.
All the internal structures, especially human in nature, and its associated
coordination in a business.
All the human resources that are available for and willing to work in an
The same thing with organization (i)
A management function which bases on how to correlate the activities of
different departments in a business for a maximum benefit.
To infuse sense into. To make something or some one aware of something.
The directorial duties of a manager or management
The state of increase in size or standard.
Relating to community life, virtues, culture etc, endemic to a particular
The activities of a business organization.
A set down rule to which a management must conform its actions to in order to
achieve a desired objective.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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