From the time of creation till date, expect in the recent time,
whom have been seen generally especially by the male folk as second-class
citizens, more especially in the less developed countries.
This has led to various misconceptions and bickering between the
male and female group despite all efforts of women towards the development of
there various communities. Even when it is obvious that women are taking the
lead and vigorously help the spouses in executing various developmental
projects their activities are rarely appreciated.
The purpose of this study therefore was to conduct an
investigation into the contribution of Eku of the community development efforts
of Eku as a case study in the “involvement of women in community development in
Nigeria.” Specifically it is against this background that the researcher set
out six research questions and three-research hypothesis to aid the study.
A total of 94 respondents were sampled to respond to the
questionnaire, which was the main research instrument. These were
distributed to the women who participate in economic Development through their
community development efforts in Eku. The responses by the women were analyzed
by the use of percentage.
TABLE OF CONTENT
1.1 Background of the study
1.2 Statement of the problem
1.3 Purpose of the study
1.4 Scope of the study
1.5 Research hypothesis
1.6 Significance of the study
2.0 Literature Review
2.1 Background and Concept of Community Development
2.2 Women involvement in economic/ community
2.4 Suggestion and efforts for the further.
Research Design and methodology.
3.1 Research design.
3.2 Area of study.
3.3 Population of the study
3.4 Sample and sampling Technique.
3.5 Instrument for Data collection
3.6 Validation of the instrument
3.7 Reliability of the instrument
3.8 Method of Data collection
3.9 Method of Data Analysis
Data presentation and Analysis.
4.1 Data presentation and Analysis.
4.2 Testing of hypothesis.
4.3 Summary of results.
Discussion, Recommendation and
5.1 Discussion of results/findings
5.3 Implications of the research findings
5.5 Suggestion for further research
Bibliography and references
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The study will place emphasis on the community development efforts
of women in the economic development in Nigeria.
Community development involves
some kind of co-operative actions by every member of a particular community to
improve the well being or welfare of town members, Battern, R.T.R. (1957, p.8)
in recent times, there has been noticeable change in people’s community
development as the great provider. There is now remarkable awareness that
the people can now develop their community through their own efforts and with
their own resources, since the states or local government, government to which
people look upon her help could not attract enough revenue from the federal
government to come to their rescue.
It is against this background
that people organized themselves into groups for self-help activities in
communities most of these condition of their members and the community in
general. Many areas they focus their attentions include the construction
and building of rural road, schools, health centers, village halls, clinics,
market, garri processing machines, oil processing machines and so on.
In Ethiope East for instance
with a particular reference to Eku where most of these infrastruture are not
available, women as vehicles for community development have now found
themselves providing some of these amenities through their various
groups. It is based on this that the research sought to identify the
extent those women groups have gone in their development activities since their
men are chiming to be at the forefront of every development activities.
But if the recent development
in the affairs and attitude of women towards economics development are anything
to go by them, I can be in a better positions to appreciate the roles played by
the recent past. First ladies of this nation of Nigeria for
example. Think of the development initiatives and activities carried out
by Mrs. Maryam Babangida under the better life for rural women
programmes. Recall the activities of Mrs. Maryam Abacha under FEAP.
In the international forum,
mention must be made of reputable women like Imelda Marcus of the Philippines,
Margate Ihatcher of Britain Winnie Mandela of South Africa and recently modline
Albright to mention but a few.
Women natural are tender
hearted, no wonder their roles in the family are indispensable, those roles are
variously carried are into their immediate environment, hence they (women) are
able to identify easily those economic areas where their activities greatly
affects and enhance the lives of many. It is expect therefore that these
work will contribute its quota to the eradication of this nation that the place
of the women is in the kitchen, they deserve mush more positive recognition
then that as shall be revealed by this work.
OF THE PROBLEM
The problem this study out to examine is the extent women in
Ethiope East with a particular reference to Eku Community have been involved in
community development, since literature an women and development reviewed
depicts women as the backbone of community development.
The need there arise to
discover how Eku women have tried to accomplish this through their various
projects and programmes. How their efforts have enhanced the quality of
life of Eku people in general.
OF THE STUDY
The sole aim of this research is to study the various
contributions of Eku women to the community/economic development. Because
of this, the study has set out to investigation that issue with the following
To examine the characteristics of females regarded as women.
To find out the various community project(s) or programmes(s) embarked upon by
To find out their objectives for embarking on such project(s) or programme(s).
To find out whether their activities promote hamper development.
To find out how the project(s) or programme(s) are being financed.
To find out the problems the women encounter in carrying out their community
OF THE STUDY
This study is intended to examine the various contributions of
women in Ethiope with reference to Eku in Ethiope East Local Government Area of
Delta State. The contribution made by women in other neigbouring
communities are however not be included.
Consequently, the study is
going to focus on the various project(s) or programmes(s) of women groups
involved in community development in Eku. The area to be studied are
Igun, Samagidi, Sanubi and Echi.
In each village, sample of all
women groups that take part in community development project(s) or programme(s)
are to be studied. The study specially will be find out the extent to
which women have used these projects or programmes in contributing to
A hypothesis is an intelligent guess of the solution to the
research problem. A hypothesis may also viewed as a conjectural
proposition, an informed, intelligent guess about the solution to the problem
(Orjih, 1996. 145) the following are the research hypothesis:
The various community development project embarked by women do not bring new
The various community development projects embarked by women have brought new
Women do not encounter problems while carrying out the projects.
Women encounter problems while carrying out the projects.
The objectives of the projects are not well understood by other women in the
The objectives of the projects are well understood by the other women in the
OF THE STUDY
Research is carried out because we want to solve a problem(s) and
if the problem is solved that means it will benefit those who are affected by
the problem, Ozo, Odo Anih, Ugwu (1999, p. 30).
It is clear that this that type
of study never been made in some community including Eku. Although the
research is carried out to fulfill an academic requirement it will also go
beyond that scope encouraging more meaningful and conscious development efforts
on the part of women.
This study will also well help
to stimulate community development department of Ethiope East Local Government
Area of Delta State to seek the opinion of women in planning any community
development. This will also serve as a guide to other researcher.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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