This project is concerned with the management of Employee welfare
with Emphasis on industrial accident and safety. A case study of N. B. PLC 9thMile Corner Enugu.
TABLE OF CONTENT
1.1 Background of the
1.2 Statement of the
1.3 Purpose of the
1.4 Scope of
1.6 Significance of the
1.7 Limitation of the
1.8 Definition of
2.0 Review of related
2.1 The concept of management of welfare with
emphasis on industrial accident and
2.2 Management of employee welfare and safety in
2.3 Causes and effect of accident and
2.4 Reasons for industrial accident and safety
2.5 Means of accident and safety
3.0 Research design and
3.2 Scope of the
3.3 Population of the
3.1 Sample and sampling
3.2 Instrument used for data
3.3 Method of data
4.0 Data presentation and
4.1 Presentation and analysis of data
4.2 Summary of
5.0 Findings, recommendation and
5.2 Implications of the research
5.5 Suggestion for further
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The industrial revolution of the mid 18th century significantly changed the
world of work by introduction machinery. Work moved away from being
predominantly agricultural (based on peasantry and tendal land tenures) to
factors labor truly became a commodity as workers received only wages for their
The factory system of production needs four categories of inputs: money to
finance operation, machines to produce goods and services, men to operate the
machines and managements to put every other thing together. Machines are
complex pieces of equipment which a worker has to master to operate. The worker
operating machines is usually not the inventor or designer, (like under the
domestic or craft system of production). The skill with which a worker operates
a machine affected the efficiency of production and the safety and health of
The situation arises because factory work involved machines that worked at
considerable high speeds and which can infeflict injures if great acre is not
taken. Also the factory system requires workers to work at a position or within
a limited area, doing what are commonly monotonous tasks.
Attention can easily wave when work is monotonous and a person who works at a point
(like assembly line worker) may be subjected to physical and physical
ecological strain and stress. When this is combined with the speed of operation
of machines, the producer of management health and safety becomes easy to
There are many definition of the work accident psychologists Arbous A.G and
Kerrick J. consider that “in a chain of events each of which is planned or
controlled, there occurs an unplanned event which is termed accident”
Schulzinger (1978) also regards accidents as sudden, unplanned and uncontrolled
Perhaps a simple definition of an industrial accident is “a mishap resulting in
damage to property and or injury or death to person”. It will so far be
considered for this research so as to enable us have a quick examination of
some of the factors causing occupational or industrial and diseases.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS
Accidents are mishaps and may result in damage
to property and or injury or death to persons whilst accidents are unplanned
for, their adverse effects can be managed by industrial safety programs.
Principal items in an industrial safety program include, Engineering a stage
machine and operating manual, educating all employees to act safety deeply accurate
record of operational accidents ill-health, a injures and deaths, accident
analysis safety contests and enforcing the release (flip, 1980)
Employee morale impacts on productivity the better the morale, the higher the
productivity. Industrial accidents reduce productivity (and actual reduce
production). It can be inferred that boosting morale can reduce accidents.
Facility design and layout contribute to employee morale. Besides morale
equipments failure reduces productivity and increase industrial accidents.
We can therefore say that there are tow categories of causes of
industrial accidents technical and human. Technical causes are connected with
deficiencies in factories, machine tool, materials, and the general working
environment. On the other hand, human causes are connected with deficiencies in
the individual. Such as improper attitudes carelessness, recklessness,
inability to perform the job, day-dreaming alcoholism and the use of the drugs
on the job.
It is estimated that out of five accident in industry are caused by human
deficiencies (flip 1980). When accidents occur damage, injury of death may
result, each of these involve some form of cost both direct and indirect.
There are some problem associated in NB PLC 9th mile
corner Enugu and they are as follows.
1. ILLITERACY: The majority of
the workers are half educated ones and many don’t know when information was
sending and what it talks about.
2. Some managers are disillusioned because major decisions
effecting their departments are taken without them was being contracted
overloading of the machines causes accidents.
4. Bad construction and design of machine
5. NOISE: There are
relationship between noise and accidents rate but evidence in support of this
is not over whelming.
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
This is designed to
1. Find out the causes, effects and preventions of
accident in industries with particular reference to the Brewering industry.
2. This study will also try to find out whether
there are adequate safety provisions in the companies in this industries.
3. Whether lack of safety presume was one of the
major causes of industrial accidents.
1.4 SCOPE OF THE COVERAGE
The research is on the causes, effects and prevention
of industrial accidents for workers. This study will restricted to NBPLC Ninth
mile corner Enugu. This is allow a decisive and detailed analysis.
For the fact that sthe population is fairly large. The researcher would study
part of it and in this connection 100 questionnaire would be distributed among
the work force.
1.5 RESEARCH QUESTION
1. In what ways can the management prevent or
reduce the rate of accident in the industries.
2. indicate your status in the organization.
3. What types of accident normally come up in your
4. Have you personally have an accident before.
5. If yes how did you experience it
6. Does safety program exist in this company
7. Which department has more accidents recorded.
8. Which machine(s) has the highest accident record
9. What is your opinion is /are the causes of these
the causes of these accident now been removed.
of these causes worries your mind the most
you were employed, were you informed of the dangers of working in this company.
some workers in your unit have accident how does it affect work
does it affect sales and profit
15. Do you
think safety device is enough in this company.
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The importance of the study is in many folds,
this study will reveal to management of industries the various methods of
handling employee in a manufacturing outfit and the effect of such method on
labor turnover. This study will also reveal to many industries the types of
employee and welfare. The fcat that some employee in the industry do not arise
out of frustration which in turn is a result of an amalgamation of factors
which can only be isolated by patient and skillful management. This study will
be useful to heads of department of human resources of various industries in
handling problem that arises in thir industries and in checking labor turnover
as a result of such problem.
Finally, recommendation made from the study would lead to a better handling of
problem when they occur in the industries which would therefore reduce
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS.
According to Luther Guluck on his own defined management as a field of
knowledge that seeks to systematically understand why and how men work together
systematically to accomplish objectives and make these cooperative system more
useful to mankind.
EMPLOYEE: Any person who enters into a contract employment
to offer his labor for wages.
well being happiness health and organized effort for the welfare of poor and
disabled ones in the company
of output per man hour of work volume output in relation to input.
LABOR TURNOVER: Is the term given to the measurement employee
leaving a company and their replacement
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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