research investigation studied The Effects of Participation in Management
Decision-Making on Employee Productivity in Organizations.
Objectives of this study is to find out whether employees participation in
management decision making in organization, and if they participate, what
effect it will have on their productivity. The study also
identified the major determinants of participation in Organization.
is divided into five chapters, chapters one deals with introduction of the
study, scope of the study.
deals with review of the related literature, which have been researched upon
before, and tires to find their correlation to the present study.
three comprised of the method used in collecting numerous data used writing the
project worthwhile chapter five summarizes the whole write up by itemizing the
findings of the research, and recommend what can be done to correct the
anomalies existing in the current system.
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the Study
1.2 Statement of the Problem
1.3 Objective of the Study
1.4 Significance of the study
1.5 Definition of therms
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED
2.1 The Concept of Participation
2.2 Participation and Delegation
2.3 Factors that Influence participation
2.4 Different Needs for Participation.
2.5 Summary of Finding
3.1 Data Presentation
3.2 Statistical Tools Employed for Data Analysis
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE
asserted that managers are people that get things done through
others. This implies that in getting things done, they have to take
series of decision that will guide the activities of people oriented towards
the attainment of organization goals. He further stated that
management activities in organization are dominated by decision-making activity.
implies. That decision making in organization is the everyday pro-occupation of
of the view stated that decision-making is one of the most crucial activities
of management. He further stated that the necessity to decide is
the everyday pro-occupation of management of organization whether small
enterprise or multinational corporation. In today there exist in
organization some form of interaction, which to a large extent influence the
behaviour of the people who work in them. Manager and employee
alike interact in their bid to carry out their organizational goals.
Traditionally, mangers are known to exercise much influence and specifically
their immediate subordinates. This has led them in many instances to
continually make decision unilaterally, even in those that are within the
competence of their subordinate. However, in modern management
practices this practice is no longer popular, hence there is need for employee
to have adequate representation in management decision-making. Emphasis
now is place on individual or group participation in managerial decision-making
presentation. Thus implies without going through
representation. Here “Participation” as advice or recommendation or
employees that accepted and taken into consideration by management in making
today business organization are springing up daily. Most of there
have majority by Nigeria employees. As these organization expend
their organization structures becomes difficult and different categories of
managers are employed to fill different positions. These managers
no doubt will be in control of a number of workers, who will be subordinate to
them they will also in the course of performing there managerial duties take
variety of decision concerning work and concerning their
subordinates. Various explanations were offered as to why other
countries were not doing equally well. Explanations like the
technological gaps, research and development gap and other economic and
efficacy gaps have been offered. However, none of them could be
backed up with any worthwhile or clear-cut evidence. It became
natural, therefore to look for the explanation elsewhere.
basis of the above arguments Heller and will part (1981) discovered that
America’s superiority was the result of that unique managerial style in
contrast to European industrial autocracy.
then calls for one central question regarding the participation of employee in
managerial decision-making. Morgan (1973) stated that there cause little
argument concerning the motivational assumption that when an employee is
allowed to participate in the decision-making process he will perform better.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE
objective is achieved through organizational performance is the result of
activities by organizational members as employees who play assigned
roles. Participation, management requires that employees
participate in deciding when work they do and how they do it.
One of the
problems that come to mind is, what level or degree of participation is
necessary in setting overall organizational objectives.
Organizational objectives set the tone for subordinate goals
furthermore, there is a minimum level of order required to have a stable and
meaningful organization. So the challenge of participatory management is
to set the ber at which it will begin and the degree to which it will apply
beneficially in the organization and its employees.
In NBC are employees given the opportunity to contribute in
reaching decision affecting them? Are there areas where
decision-making is the sole responsibility of top management? What is the
problems interest in participatory decision-making and how could they be
overcome? These and many others are the problem, which the
researchers attempt to find solution to this work.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE
purpose objective of the study will be
1) To find out whether employees participate in
managerial decision-making in organization.
2) To identify the detriments of effective
participation in decision-making.
3) To identify the extent of employees’
participation in management decision-making
4) To determine whether participation by employees
in management decision enhance or dis-enhance productivity in organization.
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE
study will disclose whether employees participate in management
decision-making, extent of their participation and effect of such participation
on their productivity. This study will equally disclose how employees can
be positively motivated through decision-making for effective and efficient
attainment of organization goals.
1.5 DEFINITION OF TERMS
easy understanding of the work by readers the following technical terms is
necessary to “Interpreted” by the writer.
is an association of two or more people, working co-operatively towards a
common goal under authority of leadership.
This is an organization that gears all its activities towards economic
This is the coordinating of all the resources of an organization both material
and human through the process of planning, organizing, directing and
controlling in order to attain organization objective.
This is the setting of objective and strategy for achieving the objectives.
This implies the advice or recommendation usually accepted by management.
is the selected alternative in order to active a given objective.
This is the process of selecting alternative course of action in
order to achieve a given objective.
This is the management principle, which assumes that an average
human being has an inherent dislike for work and avoid if he can.
He therefore must be coerced and directed before he can put forth adequate
effort to achieve organizational goals.
This is also management principle which implies that the creation of conditions
such that the members of the organization can achieve their own goals best by
directing the efforts towards the success of the enterprise.
is a form of authority by which information is passed down from the supervisor
to the subordinates.
This involves the flow of authority from subordinates to supervisor.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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