This project death extensively on refuse disposal management in
Enugu State with a particular reference to Enugu State Environmental
Protection Authority (ENSEPA), Enugu.
This research project is aimed at identifying the problems
militating against efficient performance of ENSEPA and suggest solutions. The
research project is eminent now that the country is aimed at health for all by
the year 2000 AD.
The research project is to find out among others: -
(i) Why ENSEPA is not performing creditability?
(ii) Whether ENSEPA can generate enough fund to
enable them keep Enugu metropolis clean?
(iii) How government has been helping ENSEPA towards
achieving this height.
The researcher made use of the percentage and tabular method in
analyzing data. For better comprehension, the project is written in chapters.
Chapter 1, dealt with the introduction of the topic, will chapter
2 dealt with the literature review of wastes disposal management. Chapter 3
dealt with the conclusions, recommendations and data analysis.
The researcher also include
appendix to drive home his points.
CHAPTER ONE – Introduction
Background of the
Statement of the
Purpose of the
Limitations of the
CHAPTER TWO – Literature
Classification of Solid Waste
Govt. Role in Proper Refuse
Impediments to proper refuse
CHAPTER THREE – Conclusion
Appendix I, II
This study is aimed at discussing how the Enugu State Environment Sanitation
(ENSEPA) has been battling to rid off our streets the heaps of refuse that now
litter our neighbourhood. It focuses on how ENSEA has been getting rid of these
refuse, what it costs them to do it and the impediments they have been
This study particularly dealt on solid waste (refuse) disposal. It is not
involved with the chemistry of waste treatment, recycling or any other means of
Nevertheless, in ‘70s’ there was a method of disposing off these refuse
generated daily by the households. Such work was the exclusivejob of the urban
municipal councils. These refuse were dumped in strategically mapped out
location, where they were eventally evalcuated by the urban municipal council
workers. By then, our streets were beautiful looks and reports of outbreak of
environmental prone diseases were less. But since the inception of Austerity
measures by the Alhaji Shehu Shagari regime in 1982, the reverse became the
case. The prevailing condition of affairs in the country turned the goals and
aspirations of Nigerians to means of survival. Since then, he efforts channeled
towards beautifying and keeping the streets clean continued to dewindle.
Although the structures constructed in the secenties for this purpose are still
there, they suffer great dilapitation due to mismanagement and lack of
spare-parts to keep them in good order. The resultant effect is what we now
see; un-attended to heaps of refuse, refuses blocked-roads and drainages, out-break
of epidermics and low productivity out put leading to a decrease in Gross
Domestic Product (GDP).
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The Anambra State Environmental Sanitation Authority (ASESA) emanated out of
the programmes of was Against Indiscipline (WAI) which was founded by the
General Buhari Idiagbon regime. It was a government establishment set up to
handle the collection and disposal of wastes.
Its emergence obtained government support under the edict No. 14 of 1934 and
was later changed to a parastatal through No. 11 of 1985 (Agbo 1991:5).
Resulting from the creation of Enugu State in 1991, it was renamed ESESA. Its
main job as contained in the statute is to assist the populace of Enugu State
in keeping their environment clean. This they do by embarking on house to
house, street to street collection household refuse and properly disposing of
these refuse. In the mid eighties, collection centres were built in
strategic locations to ease the collection and disposal of refuse by
Environmental Sanitation workers.
Earlier before the promulgation of Edict 14 of 1984, that gave birth to ASESA,
(Omeruah,1984:1) “there was a giving concern in how some people behaved as if
living in filth is a way of life. The lives of some Nigerians have been
mortgaged to various diseases and sickness”. The work of collection and
disposal of refuse is therefore very essential. Not only that, proper
collection and disposal of waste beautifies our environments. It also help in
eliminating the incidences of out-break of diseases.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
This study attempts to identify among other things: -
(i) How ENSEPA handles the disposal of household
wastes generated within Enugu State.
(ii) It tends to find out the impediments that
hindered its effective operation, and the prospects that are opened for it to
accomplish its objectives.
(iii) Why ENSEPA cannot generate enough funds to
regularly cart away the heaps of effuse that litter the streets in Enugu State.
(iv) It aimed at finding out how the government has
been assisting ENSEPA through policy formulations.
(v) Finally to find out if such policies facilitated
or rather impeded ENSEPA’s growth.
This study shall particularly concentrate on household waste
disposal management by ENSEPA in Enugu State.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The main purpose of this study is to find out whether these indiscriminate
heaps of refuse that litter our streets arose out of the lack of the employment
of the compete personnel who are experts in the handling of refuse by ENSEPA,
or whether it was due to lack of enough machines to cart away these wastes, or
again, whether it is as a result of the work’s grievances or whether it is due
to government reluctance and misconception of the primary objective for setting
To identify the causes of ENSEPA under capacity out-put ad to correct the
anomalies that prevented ENSEPA from standing up to the challenges of waste
disposal management in Enugu State.
This research work will pose an answer the following questions: -
(i) Would it be appropriate to refer to ENSEPA as
not living up to its challenges?
(ii) To what extent has ENSEPA’s activities
been hindered by unavailability of materials e.g materials?
(iii) Would ENSEPA be able to generate enough funds to
keep our environments clean without government subvention?
(iv) To what extent is it right to say that ENSEPA is
under staffed especially in the employment of the skilled manpower?
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This research study of refuse disposal management is centred on Enugu State
Environment sanitation Authority in Enugu State. Its activities in various
parts of the state would be given a proper scruting and put in the proper
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
For more informations on project materials and more