The topic of this study “An analysis of development
capabilities of the Nigerian local government system:. Which is been considered
as an avenue to know the development of rural areas in the country.
This study which was conducted in Idemili North local government
embraced these objectives primarily to analyzing the development work carried
out in the area via the local government either directly or indirectly
motivating and encouraging the people, as well as looking into the factors that
constitute impediment to a more rapid development of the areas after local
government reform of 1976.
The aim of the project work is therefore to cover a research gap
that has existed over these years.
I hope that based on the. “Analysis of the development
capabilities” the government may be in position to take a second to retain the
reform as it presently is, to amend all or part of it even to totally effective
instrument of brining development down to the rural areas.
TABLE OF CONTENT
1.1 Background of the study
1.2 statement of the problems
1.3 Purpose of the study
1.4 Scope of the study
1.5 Research hypothesis
1.6 Significance of the study
1.7 Limitation of the study
1.8 Definition of terms
2.1 Meaning and history of local government
2.2 Local government reforms in Nigeria
2.3 Contribution of the local government to the
socio economic development of communities.
2.4 Idemili north local government and development
of its communities
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY
3.1 Research design
3.2 Area of the study
3.3 Population of the study
3.4 Sample and sampling procedure
3.5 Instrument for data collection
3.6 Validation of the instrument
3.7 Reliability of the instrument
3.8 Method of data collection
3.9 Method of data analysis
PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA
4.1 Data analysis and solution to research question
4.2 Hypothesis testing
4.3 Summary of result
DECISION, RECOMMENDATION AND CONCLUSION
5.1 Discussion of results/findings
5.4 Suggestions for further research
5.5 Implication of the research finds.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The local government, which is the third tier of government, has
variously defined by many people.
Golding in his book local government defined it simply as the
management of their own affairs by the people of a locality.
Akpan offered a more comprehensive definition when he wrote that
local government entails the breaking down of country in to small units or
localities for the purpose of administration, in which the inhabitants of the
different units of localities concerned play a direct and full part through
their selected representatives who exercise power or undertake function under
the general authority of the national government.
We accept this latter definition since the constitution of the
federal republic of Nigeria endorse the functions assigned to local government
by various state edicts and guarantees democratically elected state.
The system of local government by democratically local government
councils is under the constitution guarantees and accordingly, the government
of every state shall ensure their existence under a law which provides for the
establishment structure composition, finance and function of
Prior to the federal military government local reform in 1976, the
structure of one state to another quite remarkable changes have been made to
the main features of our local government system since 1987. The reforms of the
last five 95) years have greatly transformed the native of inter
government relations, especially the relationship between state and local
government, and the internal management organization of local government.
While most of the reforms had positive impact on local government
administration a few have had the opposite effect even if
they were well intentioned. The government also has had to reverse itself on
the key reforms under the transition to civil programme.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS
The local government reform of paved way for local government to
be able to obtain their necessary goals and objectives but therefore lack
uniformity in local government administration prior to the 1976
The closed door recruitment of indigenous employees of the native
authorities based largely on nepotism and patronage meant that only those
favoured or related to the elites could be employed. It upon every one
that there were few people with adequate ability to fill responsible position
in local government and that there was no establishment code of personnel
administration used by local government. The use of “Son of the Soil” patronage
and nepotism as standards of recruitment, could not be said to constitute
foundations of a rational system of personal management in a public
jurisdiction, poor condition of service which neither attracted nor retained
labour to the non existence of clearly delineated function for the local
government to constantly encode the power of the former.
The new local government reform is geared towards correcting the
above economics and is hope to create favourable opportunities for development.
This research will focus its attention on how effective local
government reform now is ensuring an even and accelerated development” given
the provision contained in the 1976 reform for strengthen and improving the
Since 1950 to 1975, local government reforms and whole question of
directorate of food, road and rural infrastructure are deigned to find solution
to the problems of amenities to the masses at the rural area. To this end, it
has become necessary to forget a relationship between the local government and
the communities with an aim at meting the needs of the masses at various
The development capabilities of the Nigeria local government aim
towards stressing the revenue at which the local community obtain their
necessary needs exercises, could encourage equal political social and economic
development there by raising and improving the standard of living of this
But these objectives have not been accomplished because in the
rural area today the rural population is yet to do accorded any serious
consideration on the proposal of social security, education, health and socio
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
I have been primarily motivated to embark on the work because as
big as Idemili local government is both in terms of human and materials
resources, we have not found any comprehensive research work devoured primarily
to analyzing the development carried out in the area via the local government
either directly or indirectly by motivating and encouraging the people as well
as look into the factor that constitute impediment to a more rapid development
of the are after the local government reform of 1976.
The aim of this project work is therefore to cover a research gap
that has existed over these years.
We hope that based on the analysis of the development capabilities
the government may be in military government in 1976 and other reforms. The
fact that the ultimate measure of the effectiveness of any government local or
national is its ability to improve the lot of the people to whom it is
The local government reform has not remarkably helped in the
development of the rural areas ie in improving the general welfare of the
We attribute this to:
1. Low motivation,
lack of competence and questionable integrity of the employees of local
finance at the disposal of the local government for carrying out development
programmes arising from the paucity of the amount accruing to local government
intervention in local government revenue.
Position to take a second look at the reform and thus
determine whether to retain the reform as it presenting is, to amend al or art
of it or even to totally discard the continue the research for more effective
instrument of bringing development down to the rural areas.
1.4 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This work or research covers the area known as Idemili North local
government area. Consequently, this research analysis the development
capabilities of what to day stands as Idemili North local government that
functioned for a reasonable length of time under the new local government
1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
The task in this work is to evaluate the role of local government
in development given far reaching reforms carried out on local government by
1.6 RESEARCH QUESTION
1. What is really
the reason why local government areas were neglected from development?
2. Why is the
federal government always reject give assistance to local government when they
1.7 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The objective f this study as have been stated earlier is to
analyses the development capabilities of the Nigeria.
Local government in the country that is to take an in depth look
into the development potentials inherent in the country as well as asses how
far local government have actualized these potentials by looking at
their performance levels of Idemili North local government as our case study.
This is because we believe that the local government seems
typically of all local government in Anambra state.
Basically, our framework for analysis will be the system approach,
which has been defined in various ways.
We shall use the structural model of Gabriel Almon, which we
developed as a method of analysis following the impact of the general system
Structure refers to those arrangements within the system, which
perform the functions and a function generally defined as the objective
consequences of a pattern of action for the system in which it occurs.
1.9 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Development: The term development embarks an overall social
process which is dependent upon the outcome of ma’s efforts to deal with his
natural environment. Richard Poston sees development as a process of
self-discovery by which the people of a community learn to identify and solve
their communal problem.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
For more informations on project materials and more