project, the explanation of the stratifies for Enhancing and promoting capital
formation amount the small scale enterprises in Nigeria is made.
importance of this to the growth of small-scale business in Nigeria is
advanced. The general performance of small-scale enterprises in the
country is X-vated, using heritage company Enugu, as a case study.
of this X-ray are follows.
1) The net profit of Heritage Company, Enugu is not
big enough for the expansion of its operation rapidly.
2) There is slow increase in the quality of
inventories in the stories due to high cost and low profit.
3) In order to accumulate adequate capital for
expansion, there must be compulsory savings by the company and management.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 General Background of the Subject Matter
1.2 Problems Associates with the Subject Mater
1.3 Problems that the Study will concerned with
1.4 The Importance of studying the area
1.5 Definition of Important Terms.
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF
2.1 The Origin of Subject Area
2.2 School of Thought with the subject area
2.3 The school of though relevant to the problem
2.4 Different methods of studying the problem
2.5 The summary.
3.1 Data Presentation
3.2 Analysis of Data
Robert H. Heywood, Bruce and Graham 1997, started that capital is
the money used by expensive piece of heavy equipment such as bulldozer a
sawmill or a tractor-trailer.
to Abner 1990, capital is the most important of all the factors of
production. He noted that the more a country uses her capital, the
higher the rate of industrialization and therefore, the rate of development, to
him, the reason for this is because the developing countries have less of
capital that they are still primary producers largely. He listed
some of these developing countries and they includes the followings:
· Ghana and other West African countries
· Latin American countries e.g Brazil India
· North and central African countries e.g Pakistan
· East and southern African countries e.g Kenya.
FC Okechukwu 1999 as an accountant, sees capital as funds (usually
in the form of assets). Contributed by the owners of the business and out
residual revenue after meting expenses and outside interest. As a
result for a business that is starting operation. All assets contributed
by the owners to set up the business will be regarded as capital.
In the course of his explanation, he mentioned that Pandef sees
capital as the total funds invested in the business. He went
further to say that Batty sees capital as the funds used in the business.
Baruam. 1998 reports that another defends of the growth of capital
formation in West African is the inequitable distrisation of income. He
noted also, that the very rich people in West Africa tends to become richer while
the poor masses become poorer. He further stated that about 10% of
the population of West Africa countries control about 667% of the income again
he stated that the few rich people of West African countries can heads their
wealth and impound what they can seize, there by invest less in lout productive
enterprises there is no sufficient capital to top the human (labour) and
Natural (land) resources in West African.
David Begg 2002 defined capital as the stock of produced goods
that contribute to the production of other goods and service. He
stated that industry and business organization needs to increase their capital
stock, their machinery equipment, factory and office buildings. He
also stated that industry has to modernize its capital equipment and the new
growth industries such as information technology needs to interest for future
Roy Harrod, an English Economist 1940, in his post war theories on
capital, emphasized on human capital. He defined human capital as the
skill and knowledge embodied in the minds and hands of the population.
Increasing education training and experience allows workers to
produce more output from the same level of physical capital.
George J. Stigler 1975, Defined capital as anything “other than a
free human being” which yield valuable services over and appreciable period of
times. He believes that capital consists of all economic foods
except people and perishable such s hydroelectric dams etc. He also view
capital as an accumulated fund of general productive power, past income
incorporated in particular physical germs or particular forms.
1.1 GENERAL BACKGROUND OF THE
The growth of small-scale enterprises in Nigeria is being
disturbed by inadequate supply of capital and poor performance.
many small-scale enterprises are bankrupt because of lack of capital which
implies, lack of irresistible funds for further growth of a business
problems help the researcher to undertake this study.
1.2 PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH THE SUBJECT MATTER
of this study are as follows:
1) To discuss these problems that hinder capital
formation by the small scale enterprises in Nigeria.
2) To emphasize on the causes for these problems in
3) To suggest the strategies for promoting capital
formation among small-scale enterprises in Nigeria.
1.3 PROBLEMS THAT THE STUDY WILL CONCERN WITH
problem is limited to the heritage company, Enugu.
1.4 THE IMPORTANCE OF STUDYING THE AREA
findings and suggesting of this study if carried out will promote the growth of
small-scale enterprises in Nigeria.
In order to
achieve the purpose of this study, the following research questions.
1) What are the factors that hinder capital
formation among small scale enterprises Nigeria
2) What are the strategies or wants of promoting
capital formation among the small-scale enterprises in Nigeria?
1.5 DEFINITION OF TERMS
The capital as was stated in the project refers to as funds or
wealth invested for further production of represents a stock of wealth which
exists at a particular time; set aside for production and these stock of wealth
includes: money, machines; buildings and stock of foods.
the capital formation as used also in this project writing refers to the
act of increasing the capital, stock or capital base of a company or firm or a
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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