POLICY MAKING AND IMPLEMENTATION A TOOL FOR AN EFFICIENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM TO ACHIEVE THE OBJECTIVE OF AN ORGANIZATION (A CASE STUDY OF MICHAEL OPARA FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE UMUDIKE ABIA STATE)
Policy making and implementation is one issue that cannot be
over-emphasized because of the important role it plays in the lit of any
organization willing to survive and to growth in the face of the changing
global village (world).
Based on the need for organizations to achieve their objectives, the researcher
decided to conducted a research study on the topic “policy making and
implementation a tool for an effective management system to achieve objective
of an organization” with a particular reference to Michael Okpala Federal
University of Agriculture Umudike Abia State.
The objective of these studies to show importance of policymaking and
implementation in the achieving the organizational corporate objective.
In chapter two the researcher reviewed the literature of some eminent scholars
that are related to this research topic under study.
In chapter three, the researcher discussed on the methodology of research in
which various method applied in conducting the research were discussed such as
primary and seconding methods of data collection, the simple percentage method
the random sample and chance method while chi-square are employed for the test
In chapter four, the research also analysed and interpreted the
responses of the respondents by using tabular form for easy understanding and
interpretation while the chi-square is used to test the hypothesis stated in
Finally in chapter five, the researcher made the summary on his findings and
conclusions, recommendation and suggestions.
TABLE OF CONTENT
1.1 Statement of the problem
1.2 Statement of purpose
1.3 Objectives of the study
1.5 Significance of the study
1.6 Definition terms
2.0 Literature review
2.1 Concept of organization
2.2 Definitions of policy
2.3 Types of policy
2.4 Policy making and implementation
2.5 Areas of implementation
3.0 Research methodology
3.2 Research Design
3.3 Sampling procedure
3.4 Source of data
3.5 Collection of data
3.6 Description of analysis
3.7 Population study/sample size
3.8 Historical background
3.9 Limitation of the research work
4.0 Presentation and analysis
4.2 Presentation of data
4.3 Testing of hypothesis
5.0 Summary, conclusion,
recommendation and suggestions
The task of achieving the objective of an organization is one that
has for many years remained a hard not to crack by the management of most
organization, and as such left most of the organization either dead or stagnet.
The need for policy making arise due to the nature of business firm that
opeates in this era. A firm which has originally commenced operations in
a single product line catering for a unique set of customer in a limited
geographical area, expanded in one or more dimension. Informal control
and co-ordinations became partially irrelevant as expansion took place and the
need for integrate functional areas arose. This integration functional
area arose. This integration brings about framing of policies to guide
managerial action. Policymaking became the prime responsibility for
effective management system.
The implementation phase in strategic management process consist of a set of
activities by which the top management assures that the strategic choice is
communicated and related to both the organization and its people. This is
to say that implementation encompasses the activity of developing the
organizational structure and climate best suited for the implementation of the
chosen or adopted policy.
This task which is so much
important in the life of and organization wishing to survive and to grow cannot
be over-emphasized considering the dynamic nature of the world we are in
today. However, for management system to effectively carry out this task
of achieving the objective of an organization, that management system must aim
itself with the tools of policy making and implementation to enable it to
adjust to the environment changes surrounding them.
It is based on this important
note that the researcher in conducting a research on the topic “policy marking
and implementation a tool for efficient management system to achieve the
objective of a organization” with a particular references to Micheal Okpara
Federal University of Agriculture Umudike.
1.1 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
The management of most organization in the world today have been
facing the problem of not knowing how they could achieve the objective of their
organization in the face of the changing world, so that their organization will
survive and grow.
This problem which has defile may management approaches is what
the researcher is aimed at solving.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PURPOSE
The purpose of the research problem include to following:-
1. To ascertain the effect of the policy and its
implementation on organization performance.
2. To bring out the relationship between policy and
its implementation on efficient management system.
3. To determine the nature of problem militating
against effective policy and its implementation in achieving organizational
4. To make useful recommendation based on the
findings of the study.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The objective of this study by the researcher is:-
i. To find out the important role of policy making
and implementation plays in achieving an organizational objective.
ii. To improve the mental ability of the managers and
enable them to link theory with practical such ability is important in making
policy where large numbers of factors have to be considered.
Ho: The efficient management system
does not depend on policy making and implementation for attainment of
Hi: The efficient management
system depends on policymaking and implementation for attainment of
Ho: Effective implementation does
not contribute to an efficient management system.
In some banks, plementation of
polices contribute immensely to an efficient management system.
1.5 SIGNIFICNACE OF THE STUDY
The importance of policymaking and its implementation cannot be
over-emphasized. It can be viewed in different context where it proves to
1. This study will enable management student to
know the process of policy making and implementation and the important roles it
plays in achieving the objective of the organization.
2. This study will help in training of the future
managers by showing how things should be done.
3. It will enable public policy makers to provide
guidelines for the achievement of the objective of government establishment.
4. It will help managers to economies their time,
since polices direct future action, managers do not engage in daily guiding of
5. it will enable the general readers to be
acquainted with the process of making policies.
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This study is limited to the topic “policy making and
implementation a tool for efficient management system to achieve the objective
of an organization and the organization here is Micheal Okpara Federal
University of Agriculture Umudike, Abia State.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
They are the basic economic and social purposes for which an
organization exists. They are also defined in an organization.
A predetermined guide established to provide directions to
decision making. A policy defined as area within which the decision can
be made but it does not take the decisions.
The ability to achieve a result with minimum input.
The efficient utilization of the human, material and financial
resources of an organization to achieve the objective of an organization.
It can also be defined as body or group of person who see to the
efficient utilization of the human, material and financial resources of an
organization to achieve the objective of the organization.
It can be also be defined as a business enterprise which arrange
resources, define responsibility and authorities to individual to enable them
perform their duties.
A business unit, set up to achieve objective.
Is a purpose of developing an-effective policy?
Is a chosen policy from among the alternatives?
The process of implementing a chosen policy.
An instrument for achieving an objective.
Is the process of examining the environment of an organization for
the identification of opportunities and threats and strength and weakness?
Is the process of examining the performance of policy in achieving
a given or objective.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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