This research work is on the assessment of the effect of
motivation on workers, performance taking Nike Lake Resort Enugu as a case
study. A sample size of one hundred and eighty two respondents were selected
through cluster and simple random techniques. Thirteen research questions were
formulated for the study and the method of data collection used were interview,
questionnaire and other relevant material. Some research findings were
made among which include that
1. The management of an organization should be
praised for the little effort they made towards motivating their workers.
2. The workers must be encouraged to make their
contribution towards the achievement of the organization goals as a positive
3. It should be made very clear in the mind of the
management of the organization that motivation is an essential and important
tool for increasing the productivity of workers.
1.1 General background of the subject matter
1.2 Problems associated with the subject matter
1.3 Problems the study will be concerned with
1.4 The importance of studying the area
1.5 Definition of important terms
2.0 Literature Review
2.1 The origin of the subject area
2.2 School of thought within the subject area
2.3 School of thought relevant ton the problems
2.4 Different method of studying the problems
Data presentation (Highlights of the study)
of the data
BACKGROUND OF THE SUBJECT MATTER
some years ago, psychologists, managers and students of management have given
increased concern to the need for human motivation at the work place. They
found this concept useful to both explaining human behaviour, particularly in
work situations to increase the productivity of workers.
The purpose of motivation is to increase one’s
performance and to attain a standard of excellence in any endeavour.
Managers in all types of organization are continually faced
with the problem of vast differences that exists in then performance or output
of individual workers. Some employees often perform at high level and need
little or no supervision and appear to enjoy what they are doing; other
employees perform only at marginal levels and require constant attention and
direction and are often absent from their duty posts. The reasons for these
differences in performance area varied and complex involving the
nature of job, the behaviour of the manager and the
characteristics of the workers. The big question is, how can the manager
maintain the high performance of the first group and also increase that of
those producing marginally, when it comes to being highly highly productive on
the job, to performing with little or no direction and to being a real
contributor to the organization. What can one usually say is the cause? Does
money count first i.e. –The desire to draw bigger pay pocket? or is it the
sheer enjoyment of being part of a busy cooperative-professional team that
makes some employees perform high?
It has been recently shown that this variation caused by
the motives of workers, whether the employees or managers are high or low in
achievement, motivation makes a real difference in the effectiveness of
financial incentives. Several studies have shown that offering additional
financial reward for doing a task does not make a strongly-achievement-oriented
person to work hard or better. A group of aggressive-achievement-mudded
salesmen would certainly be angry if their extra efforts were not recognized
with much greater financial reward.
Yet offering them bonus is not what produces the extra effort.
This may seen like a psychological distinction without a difference, but the
genuinely affects performance.
People with relatively low achievement motivation, on the
other hand, will work harder for increased financial rewards. However, does the
money got by doing it interest them primarily as a measure of accomplishment?
Rather, it has other value for them.
In contemporary times some organization in Enugu Urban have
been enjoying a situation of high productivity, efficiency and effectiveness in
their work performance while some have not been able to find their feet. The
situation because more glaring when take a look at the private organization.
Motivation is about understanding the weds which prompts
employee in organization to do things and providing of help. Also a person who
is well motivated usually work hard and have self-directed behaviour towards
important goals. Therefore this research work is designed to assess the effect
of motivation on the performance of the workers in Nike Lake Resort (protean
The findings will help to evaluate the problems and prospects of
the organization in the area of motivation and to suggest ways of improving the
workers. It is only through the effective performance of the employees that
returns from investment can be achieved. This is why it is necessary to know
how they are being motivated to work and achieve their organization’s
ASSOCIATED WITH THE SUBJECT MATTER.
The phenomenon of productivity and inefficiency creates a
lot of problem in business organization. No business organization can achieve
its set objective in terms of profit, survival, growth, continuity and the
ability to compete favorably with other organization when its workers are not
performing as expected.
Nike lake Resort (Protea Hotel) Enugu will be faced with
the above problems if better attention is not given to the employees and
motivational strategies set towards organizational goals.
Surviving and competiting favorably with other
organizations will be null and void if its employees are not motivated and this
will result to the
failure of the organization and also not maximizing its profit.
Researchers have shown that major reason why workers in business organization
perform below expectation is as a result of not being adequately motivated.
As a result of the above, the researcher is looking into
various means through which business organization can motivate their workers
towards performing well and the effect of motivational strategies to enhance
the performance of the workers in Nike Lake Resort (Protea Hotel) Enugu.
1.3 PROBLEM THAT THE STUDY WIL BE
In order to carryout a successful work, the researcher has
to be able to identify the problem concerned with the subject matter.
(1) Identify how motivation serves as a management
tool for increasing the performance of workers.
(2) Examine the extent in which the worker’s of some
organization benefits from the motivational tools adopted by their management.
(3) Find out the type of relationship existing
between the management and their workers.
(4) Identify the ways or means through which the
business organization motivates their workers.
OF STUDYING THE AREA
the effect of motivation cannot be emphasized. It becomes very necessary to
date that those at the top of affairs in every organization should at all times
motivate their workers.
This research therefore limits itself tom the effects of
motivation on workers, performance. Some of the effect of motivation on workers,
(1) Increased productivity-when a worker is
adequately motivated, the result is a very positive one on the organization. It
increases the productivity level of the organization.
(2) Increases participation of a worker towards the
actualization of the organizational goals.
(3) Raising the morale of workers-motivation will
raise the morale of a worker effectively and this lead to increased
participation and high productivity.
(4) Foster industrial harmony-when workers are
adequately motivated it fosters the peaceful relationship between the workers
in the organization.
OF IMPORTANT TERMS
There are some unique and difficult words used in this
project. However, they are carefully explained for easy clarifications and
comprehension of their meanings and the context in which they are applied.
(1) MOTIVATION-: This simple means ensuring appropriate behaviour
of workers in an organization by providing an environment in which people can
satisfy their human needs through both their work and work environment.
Motivation can be inform of promotion, bonus, performance appraisal, salary
increment, provision of fringe benefits etc.
and Buchaman (1985) defined motivation as “a decision-making process through
which the individual chooses desired outcomes and sets in motion the behaviour
appropriate to acquiring them.
(2) MANAGEMENT-: This is the co-ordination of human and material
resources in an organization to achieve management goals. Umoh (1996) defined
management as a process by which people (managers) create, direct, maintain and
operate purposive organization through
(3) systematic co-operative human effort. It is also
the process of getting things done by using other people to achieve a set of
(4) EMPLOYEE-: Is a
person that is being employed by an employer in a business.
(5) EMPLOYER-: Is a
person who has the right to employ an employee in a business organization.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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