Water Purification Unit or
filtration unit is designed in way that it will give a nice result. Like in our
filtration, we have sand and carbon filter that were responded to separate the
suspended solid particles, odour and taste of the water, which will give
a very nice filtered water at the end of the filtration. This unit has no
chemical engineering operation, but a physical separation process that will
separate the dead micro organisms and
the task, colour odor of the water. The chlorine content or amount
of chlorine that should be close to water that full our bucket should be 4mgll
and if it is hard water it will be
reduced to 3mgll. The sand was suspended on a net,
where it was arranged in layers, gravel or coast sand, semi coast, and fine
sand, while in carbon, also suspended on a net, where coast sand was first
layer before the polished and graded carbon.
TO WATER PURIFICATION UNIT.
Technologies for water treatment are now well established and are
capable of producing almost any degree of purity. The main issue
surrounding the selection of any given process lies in deciding which is the
most appropriate and applicable technology for the particular social, political
and economic environment. Hence this report concentrate on the
construction of a filtration unit or purification unit to be used in filtering
water suspended particle.
Water is an oxide of hydrogen, when dry hydrogen is ignited in
air, it burns with a faint blue flame to give steam, which will condonse on any
cold surface to form water.
Hydrogen oxide (water)
Water is one of the most common substance known. It
constitutes bont 70% by mass of the earth surface.
Fundamentally, water is essential for life to exist.
Man drinks between 700 and 1000liters of water every year. If one
lose more than 20% water there is a sever risk of damage to one’s
health. Water has a wide range of applications both domestic and
industrial wise. The quality standards of water suitable for some
purpose can be defined in fairly definite terms whereas the quality of water
required for other uses is quite variable. Thus, the degree of
purity of any water limits its uses or application. Hence, the need
for water purification unit. Water purification units are of
various types and functions. One could be to reduce the level of
turbidity and colour, or the remove the bacterial load or more still to reduce
the total dissolved solid. However, there is need for clarity of
water before you ever talk of further purification needs. Hence the
motive of this project which is to design a purification unit that will take
care of the clarity of the water.
OF THE WORK.
The major objective of the project is to examine and study the
fundamentals of water purification units, particularly the filtration unit.
Thus, it is aimed at designing and constructing a filtration unit,
that can filter water for use in areas where water is needed in a medium scale.
Therefore, the objectives of the project can be summarized as
(1) To construct a filtration unit ie both
standard carbon filter.
(2) To design and construct process flow system for
the water filtration unit.
(3) To use locally available water source for
sample and treatment.
THE SCOPE OF THE WORK
In the project we intend to cover the filtration aspect of water
treatment as it concerns design and construction of the filtration
unit. Two filtration units will be constructed, one for sand, one
Locally sourced water will be analyzed Raw and after passing
through the unit.
case, we will search the literature in water purification unit particularly
filtration unit. Construction of this unit in the workshop and
experimental of the water used in the unit test run.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
For more informations on project materials and more