This Research examined the relevance of
Pipeline transportation to the marketing of Petroleum products in
Nigeria. Toward this end 83 staff of the Nigeria national Petroleum
Corporation (NNPC)’s offices in Enugu and Port-Harcourt were randomly selected
to form the study sample. The 83 members of the study sample were given
83 copies of structured questionnaires to complete. Their responses were
used to test four hypotheses formulated for this study. The result of the
test/analyses revealed the following findings.
The use of Pipelines facilitates the effective distribution and marketing of
petroleum products in Nigeria.
Pipelines reduce the costs of transporting and marketing petroleum products in
Pipeline vandalisation is the major problem impeding the effective use of
Pipelines for the distribution and marketing of petroleum products in Nigeria.
use of alarm systems and police patrol will reduce the incidence of pipeline
vandalization in Nigeria.
And Delimitations of the
developments of pipeline transportation
features of pipeline
transportation and the marketing
of petroleum products in
to pipeline transportation in nigeria
of pipeline transportation in
of Related Literature
Are of the
Population of the
Sample size and Sampling
Instrument for Data
Validity of the Instrument
Reliability of the
Method of Data
3.10 Method of
OF RESULTS, CONCLUSIONS ANDRECOMMENDATIONS
Sex of Respondent
Age of Respondent
Occupational Status of Respondent
Observations made on the Respondents as to whether or not Pipelines are
reliable means of Distributing and Marketing of Petroleum Products.
Observations made on the Respondents as to whether or not Pipelines reduce the
cost of Transporting/Marketing of Petroleum Products.
Observations made on the Respondents as to whether or not Pipeline
Vandalisation impedes Effective Marketing/Distribution of Petroleum Products.
Observations made on the Respondents as to whether or not the use of Alarm
system and police patrol will reduce the incidence of Pipelines vandalization
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Pipeline transportation is the youngest
among the other means of transportation in Nigeria. It has not received
much attention because of two major factors. One is that it is relatively a
recent origin. Two is the its operations and services are not in the
hands of private individuals and companies. Hence everything about
pipeline transportation in Nigeria is strictly in the hands of the federal
According to Kupoheyi (2000) pipelines have been in use for transporting
materials for centuries. Hence in the urban areas, pipelines are used for
distributing potable water. Though the pipelines network for the
transportation and distribution of water in urban areas are usually short, they
uses the same basic principles as the ones for distributing petroleum
products. The point to note here is that pipelines were first used for
distributing water. Later they were used for mooring gases and a variety
of liquids within plants, between plants, as well as between locations for apart.
Today pipelines are widely used for transporting petroleum products and some
solids that are suspended in liquids over long distances.
Olakunori (2000) reported that petroleum pipelines made only recent discovery
into Nigeria. According to him, the products pumped through the Nigeria
pipelines include the following
Premium motor spirit (PMS) otherwise know as petrol;
Automotive Gas Oil (AGO), otherwise known as diesel;
Household Kerosene, (HHK).
In addition to these, avaiation turbine kerosene (ATW, otherwise known as
avgas, is often pumped from Mosimi to Ikeja Airport regularly. Pumping is
usual done in butches of between 15000 to 50000 cubic meters in such a way as
to avoid contamination. Delivery of the various products grades into
storage is strictly monitored and controlled from the control centres located
in Mosimi, Warri, Kaduna, and Port Harcourt. Once pumping begins and a
product leaves the refinery tanks, its arrival time at any particular depot can
easily be forecasted. (Olusunmade, 2001).
Liquefied natural gas (LPG) is pumped through the Escravos – Lagos Pipeline
(ELP) dedicated to gas. This, at present, is the only operational gas
pipeline that has been completed in the country (Adeyinka, 2000).
According to Udensi (1999) the Nigeria government intends to extend the gas
pipeline to other West African countries in order to encourage gas utilization
and exploit the commercial opportunities in the sub-region. Some of these
countries in this regard include.
Guinea and Chad.
Ike (1999) stated the construction of phases I-III pipeline systems enabled the
Nigerian government to achieve the following objectives.
Kaduna (Product depots)
Port Harcourt (Product depots)
Warri (Product depots)
Provision of additional distribution depots at Suleja, and Minna
Connection of Kaduna Refinery products depot with the refineries a Port
Harcourt and Warri, not only to make up the production shortfall there, but
also to ensure the continued supply of products to the northern areas in the
event of Kaduna Refinery outage.
Construction of facilities to enable products to be pumped from Port-Harcourt
to the Western areas via Benin, not only to augment Warri Refinery production,
but also to continue supplies in the event of total outage.
The de-bottlenecking of limited capacity of the existing 6 inches diameter
pipelines between Jos and Gombe.
Putting in place some alterations, upgrades and repairs within the existing
system necessary to accommodate the new facilities.
In addition, with the completion of the nation’s pipeline interlink project,
the total route of Nigeria’s products distribution pipelines and depots complex
has grown to 4,950 Kilometers. This is made up of pipelines of various
diameters linking twenty storage depots.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Pipelines has been identified as been vital for efficient transportation and
distribution of petroleum products, Although Nigeria had completed and
commissioned phases I-III pipeline system, the nation had, on man occasional,
suffered from petroleum products scarcity which ahs caused untold hardship to
the masses. In addition, the country’s mass media had, on many occasions,
carried sad news relating to the victims of kerosene explosions and other
related home accidents caused by petroleum products. Al thee are
evidences of inefficiency in the operation and management of the nation’s
pipeline system. Had the construction of pipeline facilitated the
distribution of petroleum product in Nigeria? What are the strategies for
improving the nation’s pipeline system? These questions present the problems
that necessitated this research.
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The objectives of this research are as follows:
To examine the relevance of pipelines to the efficient distribution and
marketing of petroleum products in Nigeria.
To identify the constraints/problems of pipeline transportation of petroleum
products in Nigeria
To suggest realistic solutions to thee problems
To highlight the strategies for improving on the nation’s pipelines so as to
ensure efficient marketing of petroleum products in the country.
The following hypotheses were tested in
Pipelines are not reliable means of distributing and marketing petroleum
products. in Nigeria.
Pipelines are highly reliable means for distributing and marketing of Petroleum
products in Nigeria.
Pipelines do not reduce the cost of transporting and marketing petroleum products
Pipelines reduce the cost of transporting and marketing petroleum products in
vandalizations do not impede the effective use of pipelines for distribution
and marketing of petroleum products in Nigeria.
Pipelines vandalization impedes the effective use of pipelines for the
distribution and marketing of petroleum products in Nigeria.
H0: The use
of alarm systems and police patrol will not reduce the incidence of pipeline
vandalization in Nigeria.
H1: The use
of alarm system and police patrol will reduce the incidence of pipeline
vandalization in Nigeria.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The findings and recommendations to be
made in this study, when implemented, will benefit all Nigerians as well as the
government. For one thing, the implementations of the recommendations of
this study will reduce the incidence of pipeline vandalization in
Nigeria. In addition, the problem of fuel scarcity will equally be
eliminated. Thus the average Nigeria will have access to petroleum
products at a reduces cost anytime, anywhere. Also the incidence of
kerosene explosion will become a thing of the past.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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