The aim of this study is to determine the role of Road Transportation mode in
Marketing of Agricultural Produce in Abakaliki Local Government Area of Ebonyi
To enhance a quicker, clearer and more comprehensive understanding of the
impact of this study the work has been divided into fi8ve chapter.
Chapter one deals with the nature and statement of the problem, objectives and
scope of the study. Also included in the same chapter is the statement of
hypothesis, significance of the study and finally, a definition of concepts
very unique to the study.
Chapter two deal with a review of related literature where other people’s views
and opinions on road transport and agriculture were highlighted.
The third chapter treated the research methodology adopted and such other areas
as method of investigation, population and sample size and finally, the
limitations of the study.
Chapter four forms the main basis of the study as it treated the presentation
and analysis of data collected for the purpose of the study.
Lastly, chapter five dealt with a summary of the findings, conclusion and
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE
1.6 SCOPE OF THE
1.7 DEFINITION OF
2.1 REVIEW OF RELATED
2.2 AN OVERVIEW OF
2.3 CLASSIFICATION OF
2.4 PLACE OF TRANSPORTS IN
3.2 SOURCE OF
3.3 POPULATION OF THE
3.4 SAMPLE SIZE
3.6 RESEARCH INSTRUMENT
3.7 LIMITATION OF
3.8 METHOD OF DATA TREATMENT AND
PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF
4.1 PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA
4.2 TEST OF
SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, RECOMMENDATION AND
5.1 SUMMARY OF
The quest of achieve self sufficiency food production is one of the highest
priority areas facing most of the world’s today. It is also a problem
that threatens to worsen rapidly in the years immediately ahead.
On the otherhand, problems relating to rural inaccessibility have continued to
plogue the world, and in particular, Nigeria Agriculture, it is on this basis
that the government and transport policy maker should intensify efforts to
improve the transportation system especially in road network system, their
collective or individual efforts and endeavours should be directed towards
fighting a war against hunger, and providing necessary transport facilities and
services, and contribute to judicious investment decisions in related areas
that can help assume the supply of additional food and it’s distribution to
1.2 STATEMENT OF
Ever since the beginning of time, agriculture and transportation have always
co-existed inseparably. This is not only because the source of food and
fibre and other economic product must be reasonably accessible and on being
collected, be distributed to makers, parts and factories, but also that5
adequate transportation mode and efficient carrier service operations are a
necessary condition for effecting an efficient physical distribution of
agricultural products. Indeed, adequate and efficient transportation
network is a cornerstone of the modern food marketing system.
Transportation thus services as a means of moving goods, ideas and information
geared towards increased productivity.
In Nigeria, roads constitute perhaps, the most important infrastructure in the
structural transportation of her agriculture.
In Abakaliki, most of the roads traverse a territory of sharp contrasts in
climate, soit and vegetation and this hinders agricultural progress in some
rural areas, most of the roads which are of course essential for the prompt
evacuation of produce from the farms to the market places are often times
inaccessible all year round.
Most of these roads, especially feeder roads are unsurfaced, narrow, bad,
poorly drained and winding and this prevents easy access to the hinter lend
where the majority of the farmers are located. Even in Abakaliki main
town where such roads are in a fair condition, there is the problem caused by
poor maintance, lack of adequate executive capacity, lack of suitable
materials, and management problem. The vicious combination of these
factors is that costs are higher, marketing possibilities are uncertain and
incentives to produce are low.
Besides, the inadequacy of road network services are inefficiently
executed. Delay in transit, bad loading and offloading, and rough
handling of goods characterize road transport resulting in great losses from
damages, spoilage and detonation of products.
Poor transportation also has the added effect of preventing farmers from
specializing in the crops that offer them the best return. Where
transport is inadequate, each former attempts to keep his family supplied with
all their needs, and he therefore retains more food than he actually needs, and
he therefore retains more food than he actually needs. This is because if
he runs short, it will be difficult to tap other resources and this entails
higher losts as a result of transportation this often poses a problem because
urban dwellers will be faced with dearth of foodstuffs and other essential
goods manufactured from agricultural materials. These problems that
confront rural transportation in Nigeria, therefore, hinder it’s ability to
improve the system of land use for agricultural production.
If agriculture is to respond to the growing demand, than it will be necessary
to evolve a good progressive rural structure with rural roads to expedite and
reduce the cost of flow of agricultural commodities, information and all sorts
of rural service to enable it contribute meaningfully to general economic
growth. This will help accommodate increased traffic flows in both
directions, inputs moving from the urban areas to the farms and output in the
opposite direction. The task involves very large additions to rural road
mode and maintaining existing roads, the expansion of storage and processing
facilities and a new institutional arrangement for managing and financing the
total system this is of course, a no mean task indeed.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
This study will attempt to relate road transport to the economy as
regards the role of a road transportation mode in marketing Agricultural
product in Abakaliki L.G.A. Ebonyi State. The objectives include:
i. To determine the extent to which road
transportation system has affected the marketing of Agricultural products.
ii. To identify these factors that are directly have
contributed to this.
iii. To offer useful recommendations with a view to
making the marketing of Agricultural products in Abakaliki L.G.A. Ebonyi State,
more successful and effective.
1.4 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
Based upon the earlier stated objectives, this study will see to test
three major hypotheses. These are:
i. That the nature of road mode system in Abakaliki
affects the marketing of her agricultural products.
ii. That inaccessibility reduces the incentive to
iii. That the cost of transport affects the price of
the farm products. That is, that the price of agricultural products is a
function of the transportation cost.
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY:
The increased interest in this study is due pointy to the gainful
and developmental inputs agriculture can make to the economy and most
importantly to the tremendous role of transportation infrastructure on regional
economies. This is because transport and development, as well as
Agriculture are usually regarded as closely related since each of them
influences the fortures and relative rate of growth of others.
The significance of the study is further highlighted considering
that in Nigeria, the road is the only mode of transport by which all the states
of federation are linked especially with regards to the movement and
distribution of Agricultural products from various rural areas of production to
the different urban areas of the states for consumption.
Finally, the study shall also serve as a stimulant or reference
guide for further research in this area especially in this era of population
explosion and impending food storage.
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY:
In Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, most of the Agricultural Products (Yams, garri,
cassava, rice, vegetables, tomatoes etc), are produced in the villages located
in remote towns. Because of difference in ecological factors such as
climate, soil texture, topography etc, some village produce more of one or
several type of food and other Agricultural products than the others.
Taking cognizance of the fact that the study covers the entire Abakaliki local
government area, as a result of dearth of time therefore, it would be time some
and almost impossible to visit all the towns and villages in Abakaliki L.G.A.
Secondly, because the attendant cost involved if the whole towns and villages
should be visited cannot be afforded by the researcher, coupled with the final
year academic work, and recognizing that Abakaliki town is the greatest
producer of the main staple food items (yam, garri, cassava, rice, groundnut,
pepper) in the state, the study therefore will be estricted and limited to the
aforesaid zone in investigating the ro9le of road transportation mode in
marketing Agricultural products in Abakaliki, Ebonyi State.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS:
Considering that the subject matter of the study is the role of road transport
mode in the marketing of Agricultural products. Definition of term will
However, such definitions are only made and to be understood
within the contest of the study.
Agriculture may be defined as the Science, art, and business of farming, it
involves all activities directed towards food production.
Marketing, on the other hand, is defined as the performance of all business
activities that direct the flow of goods and services from the producer to the
consumer it emphasizes the flow of products or service that have already been
Agricultural marketing therefore, may be defined as the performance of all
business activities involved in the flow of Agricultural products and services
from the point of initial Agricultural production until they are in the hands
of consumer’s it involves the application of the knowledge of marketing to the
formulation, implementation and control of activities which are directly or
related to agriculture.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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