research work focused on the causes and effect of educational imbalance among
male and female students in Uhunmwonde Local Area of Edo State. The research
work consisted five chapters. The chapters entitles chapter one an introduction
and scope of the study, chapter two covers the review of literature which
entails the various causes and the effect of educational imbalance among male
and female students. Chapter three examiners research methodology covering
sampling procedure and method of data analysis. Chapter four covered the
presentation of data analysis, chapter hold on the summary, conclusion,
questionnaires structured questions asked during the oral interview and
recommendations consequently. The research work was completed with bibliography
slighted during the research work.
1.2Statement of the problem
1.3Purpose of the study
1.5Significance of the study
1.6Scope of the study
1.7Limitation of the study
1.8Definition of terms
2.1Review of related literature
3.2Population of study
3.6Validity of the instrument
3.7Administration of instrument
3.8Method of data analysis
Presentation and analysis of data
Summary, Conclusion, and Recommendation
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
education of children is an important duty of parents and government duty of
parents and the government. The education process starts in the home, but it
continues in school when children reach schools age. It is necessary to
emphasize from the on set that the attempt here is analyze the causes and
effect of educational imbalance is to acknowledge the fact that certain factors
are responsible for the educational imbalance among male and female students in
Uhunmwonde to be exact. A critical examination of these factors will give a
clear understanding of the differences in the number of male and female in
to the national policy on education (1998_) the 6-3-3-4 programme starts when
the child spend six years in primary schools three years in higher education.
The national policy on education also recognized the importance of pre-primary
education hence it urged parents to provide such education for their children.
Parents generally wish to educate all their children whether they are poor or
rich, educated or illiterate, they realize the immerge importance of school
education. However, there are certain problems which make it difficult for
parents to provide education for all the children. One of such problems is
economic for financial problems in the home. Education is very expensive and
many families are unable to provide the money to educate all the boys and girls
children. If there is not enough money to send all the children which of the
children to sent to school. The others are kept in the home to assist in
farming, cooking and business, there are also culture and religions tradition
and custom of the people, which influence the attitudes of parents towards the
education of boys and girls for example, because male children in her it their
fathers properties most Nigerians tribal families, the male are considered more
important than the female children. Therefore, parents tend to make more effort
to educate the boys than the girls. Moreover, the girls are expected to mature
and leave their parents to live with their husband in the house, some parents
feel that money spent on education of the boys is an investment for the further
wealth of the family. For religions reasons, the female children in some Moslem
families are not given easy freedom to attend school, this is to protect them
from too much Muslim association with male. It protects them from the society.
Another factor that influences the willingness of parents to send their
children to schools is the availability of school near their house. In some
part of the country there are not many schools. The school in the locality may
be too for from home and there may be no transportation to go to school for
safety reason, parents may decide not to take the risk of following the young
children to walk the long distance to school. This is particularly the case if
the child’s is a girl or the health of the child is not too good.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
is an instrument for the development of an individual and their society. It is
so important that every person should be well educated. The problems of
illiteracy and half education are so many that no parents should deny his or
her child the opportunity or right to receive good education. But there are
facts which militate against male and female enjoying the same unequal access
to education. Some of these factors affects some parents and families more than
other. The educational, cultural, religious or economical problems. The factors
influencing educational imbalance likely to differ according to whether the
child concerned is a male or a female, when ever a parents in not in a position
to provide equal access to education for all his children, a choice has to be
made which may be in favour of the male or female. The parent’s attitudes to
the education of male and female we determine which of the children to send to
school. In Nigeria society, the changes are that the boys will be favored more
than the girls. The problems can lead to more illiterate or inadequately
educated girls than boys in the community. It also amount to denial of the
girl’s fundamental right for a better future life.
OBJECTIVE OF THE
purpose and objective of the study is to critically examine the causes and the
effect of educational imbalance among male and female students in Uhunmwonde
Local Government Area of Edo State. The study also aimed at investigating the
influence of certain factors and personal characteristics of parents on their
attitudes towards the education of boys and girls. The factors include the sex
of parents, there social economic status, their level of education, their
religion background from the findings of the study, recommendations will be
made on how to get parents to appreciate the need to give both male and female
equal opportunity to receive equal education.
In order to
study the causes and the effect of educational imbalance among male and female
students the following research questions have been put forward.
1.Are there imbalances in the number of male and
female students in schools?
2.Does the economic or financial status of parents
influence the education of male and female?
3.Do religious background of parents influences
his or her attitude towards the education of male and female.
4.Does the educational background or level of a
parents influence his attitude towards the education of his children.
5.Does the family size of a parents influences his
or her attitudes towards the education of male and female?
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
is important because girls on many Nigerian houses and societies are often not
given the same opportunities to education as is given to the boys. The girls
usually suffer some discrimination especially if her parents are poor,
uneducated or have many children to carter for I school. The introduction of
universal basic education (UBE) will help to increase opportunity to change the
attitude of parents nor remove all the cultural prejudice against females. The
study is also significant in the sense that it will help to expose which
factors are most influential in determining what attitudes we may reasonably
expect from different types of parents, such information from this study should
be useful to government and those who manage the educational system. It will
enable them to plan properly on how to enforce the compulsory attendance
required by the universal basic education programme for all children of primary
and junior school age that is free and compulsory education for children from
the age of 6-15 years.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
will involve the total scope of the study of Uhunmwonde Local Government Area
in Benin City, Edo State. Due to the nature of the topic the causes and effect
of educational imbalance among male and female students in Uhunmwonde Local Government
Area in Edo State the researcher was subjected to certain limitations such as
time; ill health; finance and non availability of research materials.
Nevertheless, the conduct of the research or had been in such a manner that
major constraints have been over come such as possible.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Refer to the belief or the religion a parents belong to whether Christian or
Parents who is unable to read and write.
refers to what a parents does for a living. In this study all government
workers are classified as public servants. Those who are engaged in business of
what every type are put together. The rest are classified as farmers.
used in the study include any man or woman who is married or devoted whether or
not he or she has children at school.
This refers to the various way people perceive things or events or the way they
react to issues.
used in the study refers to the unreliable answers.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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