This project work is on the causes and effects of unemployment in
Nigeria economy: a case study of Egor Local Government Area. The need for this
study arouse because of the alarming rate and number of unemployment in the
country. The study is to be carried out in Egor Local Government Area
particularly in some selected institutions and secondary schools in Egor Local
Government Area. The population of the study comprises of the school leavers
from SSCE, NCE, under graduate and graduate of educational institutions in Egor
Local Government Area with random selection one from the total element that is
hundred members (100) of that population are to be surveyed, then every 5th member is chosen between 1 and 5.
The respondents should not be more than one hundred (100) people; they will
fill the questionnaires and collected on the spot by the researcher.
Statistical and descriptive method of data analysis was used for information,
collect. The major statistical procedure used for the analysis of data was
simple percentage. The study observed that unemployment brings about hardship
in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Background to the study
Statement of problem
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Scope of the study
Limitations of the study
Definition of terms
Review of related literature
Population of the study
Sample of the study
Sample of the study
Validation of instrument
Method of data collection
Method of data analysis
Presentation of data and
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Mass unemployment has become so visible and so poignant in the cities of use
developed countries that economist and politicians cannot avoid seeking its
causes and its alleviation. Naturally they wonder whether income distribution
would be improved if only the unemployment were put to work.
Unemployment as we shall see takes different forms of resultant of course in
all societies there are people who are not employed for instance, the very old,
children of schools age and the sick.
When seeking about unemployment we are usually thinking of one particular
factor of production only, which is labour. It is a hazard peculiar to an
economic system. Human engage in various productive activities in order to satisfy
In producing human wants (goods and services) land, labour, and capital are
utilized for these purpose labour. Being the most dynamic factor of production
should be combined with other factor for as to produce sufficient goods and
service for general consumption and if fully utilized then there will be no
Odunyi (1988) in his book titled unemployment rate in Nigeria explained that
the functional natural of Nigeria self-employed where that school leavers cannot
be self-employed due to lack of foreign reserved and even growing in
serviceable depts. Which brought about retrenchment and high rate of
unemployment that prevails in the country.
In the recent years Yusuf (1989) in the Nigeria journal of economic and social
study postulated that some unemployment could be attributed directly to
industrial progress. This is because sometimes rather uneven distribution of
resources, it was the poor industrial nation that the first to experience
unemployment in Nigeria, the problem started with the introduction of many
economy by colonial masters to substitute or alter the substances economic
which our people were conversant with.
The Nigeria civil war create room for job opportunities for many people in the
armed forces. But the rate of unemployment increased after the civil war,
because of the economic effects, majority of the employed people were in agony
as a result, there were a lot of suffering.
Oduniyi (1987) emphasized that unemployment rate in December (1985) and that of
the then Bendel State now Edo State and delta state was sixty four percent
(64%) unemployment rate.
Labour as we already pointed out is a peculiar kind of factor in that, while
standing little, it does not fail morally and physically.
The man who is out of job for long time physically losses his self respect and
fell that he is no longer useful to the community/society eventually he losses
confidence in his ability to do even that particular job for which he has be
trained to do.
difficult he find it to work for employer when filling vacant cites
unemployment therefore means a person capable of and willing to work is unable
to find a suitable paid employed in the production of the goods and service
required in the community.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
The researcher makes it very pertinent to look at the issue unemployment as it
relate to the following area.
What is unemployment?
Types of unemployment?
iii. What are the course
iv. What are the effect
OBJECCTIVE OF THE STUDY
The objective of the study is
directed at finding of the course and effect of unemployment on the Nigerian
economic taking Egor Local Government Area of edo state as a case study. The
work with it analysis on the following objective.
To enumerate the various types of unemployment
examining the cause of unemployment.
iii. To examining the
effect of unemployment
iv. To provide a possible
ways of reducing unemployment
proffer suggestion that will guild the government in solving the problem of
HYPOTHESIS OF THE STUDY
Neglect of employment in Egor Local Government Area in Edo State has an adverse
on the economic development of the area.
High rate of unemployment is the cause of low level of economic development in
Egor Local Government Area of Edo State.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The study of the causes and
effect of unemployment in Nigerian economy is of immense value due to the fact
that it has a big effect on our nation. The rate of crime is increasing
rapidly because of unemployment it is very obvious in the saying that an idle
mind is the devils workshop, were people are unemployed a lot of thought always
come to them there is absolute need to discover solution in order to eliminate
or reduce this disease, which is eating deeply into our economy. Those that are
employed have a lot of dependent to cater for. So many graduate are roaming the
stress without job and those that have job are poorly remunerated, the
resources in our country should not be underutilized rather it should
effectively utilized so as to create an avenue for employment opportunity.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The scope of this study
comprises of the causes and effect of unemployment in Egor local government
area of Edo state
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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