THE CAUSES AND EFFECT OF UNEMPLOYMENT ON THE NIGERIAN ECONOMY: A CASE STUDY OF OREDO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE.
CAUSES, EFFECT, UNEMPLOYMENT, NIGERI ECONOMY CASE, STUDY, ORE LOCAL, GOVERNMENT, ARE E STATE,
The Causes And Effect Of Unemployment On The Nigerian Economy: A Case Study Of Oredo Local Government Area Of Edo State., Chapter One
Human Beings Engage In Various Activities In Order To Satisfy
Their Wants- In Producing ...
Human beings engage in various activities in order to satisfy
their wants. In producing human wants (goods and services) land, labour and
entrepreneur are utilized for these purposes. Labour being the most dynamic
factor of production combines with the other factor to produce goods and
services for consumption if fully utilized,, then there will be employment.
Unemployment is a hazard of an industrialized economy system, primitive
communities were usually self sufficient and had no unemployment problems
through they had to accept a veriy low standard of living than communities had
even previously enjoyed.
(1974) in the Nigeria journal of economics and social studies said that some
unemployment started with the introduction of money market by the
colonial masters to substitute or alter the subsistence economy which our
people were conversant with. Wages earning employment was employment was the
introduced by the colonial masters in their bid to tap Nigeria raw materials
for export were they are sold at profitable price
war period provided jobs for many in the armed forces but the magnitude of the
unemployed increased after the civil war because of the effect that majority of
the unemployed are young workers sentering the labour market for the first time
after receiving education to attracts this aspiration and value they did not
have enough education and practical training to provide them with skills.
school leavers prefer white collar jobs to the farming. The government could
not employ some one because of lack of job opportunity while the population of
the working forces was increasingly there was no commensurate increase in job
(1986) in his work title “unemployment rate in Nigeria explained that
functional nature of Nigeria education system where school leavers cannot be self
employed due to lack of foreign resource and the over growing unserviceable
debts has brought about retrench and high rate of unemployment that prevail in
the country in the recent years.
(1987) noted that unemployment rate in December (1985) was 9.8 percent in
h=Nigeria and while the Bendel state now Edo state ands delta state urban area
15.4 percent and the rural area has 7.2 percent unemployed rate.
school leavers were relatively few then in Bendel state now Edo state and delta
state in the 1960’s and 1970’s before the Udoji award in general and Oredo
local government area in particular.
unemployment rate among secondary school levers. By 1972 when free education of
all levels was introduced and there was increase in the job opening available.
brought about high of unemployment in Oredo local government area. The
reintroduction of school fees and high rate of unemployment have reduced the
number of intake into the secondary school in Edo state
The problem that necessitated the carrying out of this research
are inherent in the background of the study e.g.
are the effects of unemployment on secondary school leavers in Oredo local
government area of Edo state
are the cause of unemployment among school leavers in Oredo local government
area of Edo state
does unemployment affect the economic development of Oredo local government
area of Edo state
are the effects of unemployment on the standard of living of the secondary
school leavers in Oredo local government area of Edo state
The objectives of the study include:
enumerate the various types of unemployment in Oredo local government area of
identify the causes of unemployment in Oredo local government area of Edo state
examine the effect of unemployment in Oredo local government area of Edo state
provide suggestions to guide the government solving the problem of unemployment
1.4SCOPE OF THE
The scope of this study, the causes and effects of unemployment
among secondary school leavers are restricted to Oredo local government area of
unemployment the cause of low standard of living in oredo local government area
of Edo state?
unemployment lead to frustrating among school leavers?
does unemployment hinder economic development in Oredo local government area of
is the impact of illiteracy on unemployment in Oredo local government area of
the non availability of industries bring about unemployment in Oredo local
government area of Edo state?
can unemployment be erased totally in Oredo local government area of Edo state?
1.7 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The research is the opinion that the people and authorities in
Oredo local government area of Edo state should be able to benefit from the
will help to educate the government on the importance and the effect of
unemployment the advantage of this work to the local government authorities and
other people in the state. In that it will help them to keep abreast with the
latest finding in generating employment with the view to educating the people
and the government on the problems of unemployment and instill in them ways of
creating and over coming unemployment
be defined as a situation whereby persons that have acquired knowledge’s,
skills and have the potentiality to work but remain without a beneficial work
Unemployment can also be defined as a process where some persons that have been
trained with skills and knowledge and prepare to work but have no beneficial
work to do
is a process of teaching training and learning especially in schools or
colleges to improve knowledge and develop skills
reduce workers in order to reduce costs especially for a business, government.
simple and old fashioned especially when something is also not convenient and
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