This study is carried out in order to
examine the causes and effects of poor reading habits among junior secondary
school students in Ikpoba Okha Local Government Area of Edo State. It has been
observed that most JSS students cannot read, for this reason it is the
intension of the researcher to look at those factors that make reading a
difficult problem for students to examine that likely affects their reading
difficult and the nation at large as well as the suggest solutions to this
reading difficulty and the nation at large as well as the suggest solutions to
this reading difficulty as reading underlines all teaching activities in the
schools. This investigation was based on some questions. The analysis of the
data collected culminate in the following findings.
1.That non availability of teaching aid and
reading materials in school contributed to the reading disability.
2.That physical and mental defects among students
also leads to poor reading habits.
3.That the teachers methods of teaching can impede
4.That poor reading upbringing and lack of
motivation from parents and teachers hinders reading ability.
5.And that the effect of poor reading habits is
the cause of failure in the examinations. Based on these findings, the
researcher makes some suggestions and recommendations on how to overcome the
problems in order to improve students speech and
1.1Background to the study
1.2Statement of problem
1.3Purpose of the study
1.4Significant of the study
1.5Scope of the study
1.7Limitation of the study
1.8Definition of terms
2.1 Review of literature
2.2 The concept of administration
2.3 School staff personnel
2.4 School funds/finances
2.5 School physical facilities and
2.6 School community relation
2.7 Indiscipline among students
2.8 Summary of literature review
3.1 Design of the study
3.2 Population of the study
3.3 Sample and sampling techniques
3.5 Validation of instrument
3.6 Method of data collection
3.7 Method of data analysis
Data presentation and analysis discussion of results
1.1BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
In any society, it is not easy to find any skill work that does
not require reading ability. Reading is an important pre-occupation of students
from the lowest level to the highest level of education. Reading is a tool for
understanding all subjects in every course of study in our schools. Terry
Thomas (1967) saw reading as the interpretation of printed or written symbols
into speech, reading is the ability to interpret printed materials from page.
It is a decoding process by which written words are translated in
order to gain meaning. Reading helps to gain experience through which an
individual may expand understanding of him, or herself and others. According to
Conge (1929), reading is a specialized and complex skill involving a number of
more general or lesser skill, it is also the ability to carryout the patterned
shaped unit mark on paper with language. Reading cannot take place without
language or at least the capacity for language certain special cases reading is
a difficult a train all over the world particularly with the second use of
Reading is one of the four basic skills which combine to form what
is generally called a complex system of element and symbols through which we
communicate and interact with other people. Reading has shown to be an
essential skill for facilitating a multitude of day to day task and promoting
an easily accessible means for creation to today’s society.
According to Buzan (1987) learned man all over the world have
realized that without efficiency in reading acquire and application of
knowledge of skills can hardly be practiced, the subject of poor reading habits
and its effect, it a matter of great interest of the researcher and concern to
teachers education and administration. As a result there is a consensus among
the general public that the standard of English has fallen. There are two main
types of reading, the silent reading and the loud reading in the silent
reading, the reader reads without movement of the lips and without the movement
of the head side to side. All information gathering are conceived in the
readers mind. In loud reading, the reader reads out words for others to hear
minding all the necessary punctuations.
It has however been observed that many students especially those
in the junior secondary seldom read effectively, sometimes many of the students
are held back in their study by slow reading speed. Some read more quickly to
themselves than they do aloud. The focal point of this study lies basically on
the factors that are responsible for poor reading habits among junior secondary
school students and the effect it has on their reading ability.
1.2STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
From earlier time to present, there have been different causes of
poor reading habits among junior secondary school students. The nature of
reading ability is very complex from observation, one could risk the
generalization that most student do not know how to read and as a result they
are faced with reading problems especially during examination periods. The researcher
discovered that during her teaching practice that many of the students were not
able to read their textbooks properly and the notes given to them in the
various subject and even the question papers of their examination. As a result
of this poor reading habit they failed woefully in their examinations if the
questions were not read to them. This reasons prompted my choosing this topic,
causes and effect of poor reading habit among junior secondary school students.
Reading skill has over the years been a difficult and demanding
task, it is important to note that there are many complex problems that many
result in poor reading habit among students. It could be school attended by
students, the environment he or she reads and the physiological factors. Some students
tends to read poorly because of their inability to discover their reading
problems, I elementary schools for example, children are taught to read by look
and say method. The method results in excessive occupation with words and their
sound and there is therefore lack of silent reading. Lack of good motivation by
parents and teachers also affects the student ability to read. Bad method of
teaching which has result from unqualified teachers can actually develop into
undesirable habits in reading. It is therefore necessary to find out from
student and teachers those problems they encounter during the course of
1.3OBJECTIVE OF STUDY
The objective of this study is geared towards surveying and
identifying the causes and effects of poor reading habits among junior
secondary school in Ikpoba Okha Local Government Area of Edo State, despite the
fact that some teachers tend to be good in encouraging their students to
This study also tend to highlight systematically the factors that
are responsible for poor reading habit among junior secondary schools and
teachers in schools, reading and their roles in fashioning the reading habit of
students who pass through them. This study is lastly, targeted towards making
useful suggestions that will help in the improvement of reading among junior
secondary school students.
To facilitate the achievement of this study, the following
research questions will be treated.
-Does lack of teaching aids in secondary schools
give room to poor reading habits?
-Does physical and mental defects lead to poor
-Does poor reading habit among students result to
performance in the examination?
-Does low intelligence affect efficiency in
-Does bad teaching methods used by teachers
causes poor reading habits among students?
1.5SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
The importance of this study cannot be over emphasized. This study
is highly important because the result will be useful in changing the reading
habits of junior secondary school students in Ikpoba Okha Local Government Area
of Edo State. T he study will be beneficial to teachers beause it will serve as
a guide to the teachers and also the students and their society at large to
develop and update themselves with the new method of teaching and reading so as
to avoid the out-dated methods which will yield no positive result. This study
is important to the society because it will enhance the standard of education
as students will be equipped with a “master key” to unlock the doors that lead
to learning and enlightenment. It will also accelerate the interest of parents
in their children’s education. To the researcher, this study will help to know
the problems that are hampering effective reading and also it will help to get
first hand information on the causes and effect of poor reading habit among junior
secondary school students.
1.6DEFINITIONS OF TERMS
That which produces an effect a person or thing that makes something happen.
change, produced by an action or a cause.
Having something only in a very small quantities.
act of been able to interpret or understand something written or printed.
thing that a person does often and almost without thinking, especially
something that is hard to stop doing.
check or hinder progress or development.
process of making reading gradually become slower,m weaker or less active in
the process of reading.
process of being restricted, of movement activities or achievement of something
by causing difficulties.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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