The purpose of this study was
to find out the causes and effect of poor reading habit among secondary school
students in some selected secondary schools in Oredo Local Government Area of
Edo State. The research accepts that reading is very essential in all round
development of the learners, as it is made up of techniques and processes that
can be used for developing the various methods that involve vocabulary
development. In carrying out this study, questionnaires were administered to
100 students of five selected secondary schools in Oredo Local Government Area
of Edo State. The data collected from students were analyzed and interpreted.
The means for each item was computed and used in testing the research questions
formulated. The analyzed results showed that certain factors affect the
effective reading among students in secondary school in Oredo Local Government
Area of Edo State.
TABLE OF CONTENT
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Background of the study
Statement of problem
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Definition of terms
Review of related literature
Population of the study
Sample and sampling technique
Method of data collection
Method of data analysis
Analysis of data and discussion
Summary, conclusion and
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Reading is a very important activity in the life of an educated man. It is very
essential to the success of academic performance in any subject and serves as
an open up of the mind of the readers to an unlimited world of knowledge which
particularly keep abreast of the times and events in the modern world.
According to Wilson (1974) Reading is the ability to interpret printed
materials from a page. It is a decoding process by which printed words are
translated and process of gaining meaning from the material and applying it in
daily life. Brook G.L. (1989) sees reading as the mental process involving the
interpretation of signs perceived through sense organs.
Reading is seen as a receptive skill and the popular impression held by many
readers. Reading comprehension is the ability to pronounce words that is
written. The students believed that they can read once they can translate
writing into speech sounds. The fact however is that it is impossible to pronounce
all the words in a passage very well and still unable to understand it. Reading
is far more than the ability to pronounce the word on a page. The primary
reason why we read is to obtain information as well as comprehend or understand
a test, some students have poor foundation of reading. The primary school which
further lead to some difficulties in their reading habit or performance in
secondary school, it is observed that most students read without being focused
on what they are reading which is known as extensive reading.
The cause of students’ poor
reading habit can emerge from their lips movement as they read which later
brings about sufficient `reading while eating. Thinking something else,
distracted thought and above all reading and forgetting what has been read is
caused by poor memory or inability to recall past learning.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
From early time to the present, Nigeria has attached much importance to
reading, starting from primary schools through the tertiary level. It is
important to know that exist many complex problems that may result to the
problem of poor reading habit and its consequences on the academic performance
of a child in the school system. This made the researcher to dive into possible
effects encountered by secondary school students in Oredo Local Government Area
of Edo State. It is of great interest to note that most secondary schools
especially in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State is faced with the
problem of poor reading habit and this problem has taken deep roots on the part
of the students, either as a result of lack of qualified teachers, ill-health
of students, bad method of teaching, outdated textbooks, family background and
psychological factors and teachers’ poor attitude towards reading and teaching
students the proper reading skills.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of this study is to investigate into the causes and effects of poor
reading among secondary school students.
examine these causes and effects of poor reading in the general performance of
b) To recommend practical solution to the problems militating
against good reading habit among students.
In carrying out the research the following questions were asked;
poor reading habit have any relationship with academic performance of the
2. What are the causes of poor reading habit?
3. Are there enough instructional materials
for teaching reading skills?
4. Can the causes and effects of poor reading
habit be an impediment to the secondary school students?
5. Does poor method of teaching generally
affect the reading habit of students due to unqualified teachers?
6. Does distraction such television programme
affects school students?
SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
The significance of this research is to look into causes and effects of poor
reading habit among secondary school students. It is hoped that the research
will achieve the following;
It will be immense benefits to the students since it will make them know their
areas of weakness and remedies. It is therefore aimed at making students
develop good understanding so as to perform excellently in their examination.
ii) With the awareness of the cause of poor reading habit in
students in secondary schools principals and curriculum planners can update
their knowledge reading. The essence is to improve reading habit among
iii) It will also serve as an eye open to parents and teachers in
regard to their children in schools.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Motivation: This is the total act of stimulating interest of personal
individual to work harder.
Ambition: This refers to the interest/willingness in ones’ attitude to do
Decoding: This is the act of translating information from a code to an
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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