This study was carried out in order to determine the effect of
drug abuse on the performance of students. A sample of hundred students from
four secondary schools, Benin City, Edo State was used for the study. From the
information gathered during the study, it show that drug abuse affect the
academic performance of students. Data was collected from students in some
selected secondary schools through the use of questionnaires, the following
conclusion were made from the findings.
1.Drug education should be compulsory course to
all students in primary, secondary and tertiary institution no matter their
area of study.
2.Government should discourage illegal drugs
procurement and the sales of drugs should be restricted to qualified
3.Counselling programme should be established be
it educational, family, psychotherapy, religious and recreational which must be
use by government to put the community alright in substance abused and used.
4.Drug free club should be established in schools.
Health campaign programme should be intensified in the community.
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Research over the past two
decades has tried to determine how drug abuse begins and how it progresses from
time immemorial, the use of drugs has always been associated with the existence
of mans. In the earliest societies, man ahs always thought that disease was as
a result of the gods being angry and to prevent or cure such diseases
sacrifices were made. As society settled down in scattered settlements, they
needed to keep their surrounding clean. This emphasis from the gods as the
causative factors of diseases shifted to the environment. They discovered that
disease were caused by pathogens.
Basically, medication were
made from roots, herbs, leaves and other natural materials when they are
identified or thought to have medicinal properties the use of these substance
data back to early history. The ancient Egyptian for example were highly skilled
in making and using medication for treatment for both external and internal
infection. Most of the drugs we use today originated from nature are now
produced synthetically legally manufacture drugs are produced under carefully
controlled conditions. In this process, they are examined tested for standard
and quality before being approved for sale and use. All drug when produced are
manufactured specially for certain ailment or condition of certain people. Drug
abuse has become a problem today to our secondary school students. It means the
use of drugs of a non-medical or non-scientific purpose with the potentiality
of harm to the user and to the locality.
From research, the task with
witnessed are upsurge in the number of drug that are commonly abused by
students in locality and the world at large. However, illicit drug use and
abuse are rising among all sector of the population, not just the young. It has
also been observed that population involved in the abuse and use of drug across
social economic background and educational level as both the liberate and
illiterate get involved and that secondary school students are most involved in
drug abuse and even the female students. It is acting and sad amazement to note
that secondary school students are mostly at risk of drug abuse who in Edo
State make up a great portion of our population. It is observed that if drug
abuse is rampant among this group of youths female leader of the locality may
as well sink into a marshy from the research many students die every year of
drug abuse. Illegal trade in drug is multi-billion dollar business which
threatens to corrupt and destabilize the economy of many people. Also the
degree of drug abuse is rather heightened with the involvement of primary
pupils, secondary school students etc in the act. Furthermore, drug on its own
is a chemical that influences or modifies the action of the body’s own
chemistry in other words, it is any substance, which when taken modifies the
body function or substance, when used affects the body and mind. It does this
by changing the body’s function and or behaviour of the user. Unfortunately
most of the students ignore such medical advice or direction but indulge in
drug or misuse. It is important to note that drug abuse is not confined simply
to the abuse of dangerous drugs like narcotics, opium, heroine etc but also the
abuse of cocaine, panadol, antibiotic, laxative, kola nuts,, alcohol etc in
other words even substance from food is a drug harmful or dangerous if not take
properly. Drugs abuse arise when drug are being taken without medical
prescription or in excess of prescribed dosage for example imagine anxious
mother seeing that her child who has stomach pain, went and bought antibiotic
syrups and gives to the child because such was prescribed for a friend child
who has stomach pain and was very effective, we said that such person is guilty
of drug abuse. Classification of drugs is as follows:
1.Stimulants such as tobacco, cocaine, kola nuts,
coffee, cigarette etc.
2.Depressants hyporotic and sedatives such as
alcohol, barbiturates etc.
3.Hallucinogens such as tetrahedral caunabina
4.Narcotics such as morphine, codeine, heroine etc.
5.Anxiolytic/tranquilizer such Benzodiazephine,
diazepam such as popularly known as valium etc in order to reduce or prevent
the rate of drug abuse among the students, the role of the teachers, parents,
and government and guidance counsellors as well cannot be undermined.
STATEMENT OF THE
Drug abuse has statically
remained a major concern and focus of various teacher, parents, government and
as well guidance counsellors, which have through several policies made by
legislatures over the years tried to prevent or reduce the menace of drug abuse
among youths or students in secondary school.
Moreso, drug abuse has been
observed to be rampant among the secondary school students institution in Oredo
LGA in Edo State.
PURPOSE OF STUDY
The purpose of the study is
to investigate the effect of drug abuse and the role of teachers, parents, and
government and guidance counsellor in preventing drug abuse among students in
our secondary school in Oredo LGA of Edo State.
1.Ascertain the various methods, ways and
approaches adopted by teachers, parents (families) including government,
schools, community, contents, delivery n controlling drug abuse.
2.Find out the level of understanding of both
students and teachers in drug abuse.
3.Find out whether some unpleasant action have
resulted from drug abuse among secondary school students in Oredo LGA in Edo
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The outcome of this study
should be abused to serve as reference or as a reading text to many who want to
give broader knowledge about the cause, effects and remedies of drugs
rehabilitation centres with the help of the ministry of Health drug Inspection
unit (DTU). Above all, this piece of work will help to offer proper useful suggestions
on the implication of drug abuse and most especially the roles of parents and
teachers, guidance counsellor in preventing or reducing the rate of it abuse.
Generally, drugs are abuse or misused because they alter the mode of behaviour
of an individual. A worldwide scholar known as Smith (1969) classified drug
user into four categories as:
a.Experimental drug users
b.Compulsive drug users
c.Periodic or recreational drug users
d.Ritualistic drug users.
Experimental Drug User: The
experimental drug users starts because of the need to satisfy one’s curiosity
or yield to pressure from ones friend or close person. The first experience
with the drug may be unpleasant to the user and he or she may stop and never
try it again, while some may be encouraged by habitual users that the first
unpleasant experience will pass away and more frequent use will bring
Periodic or Recreational Drug Users: The
periodic or recreational drug users and excitement, the individual has gone
beyond experimental stage, by becoming a regular user, he or she has developed
some social pattern for its use and generally he is a practical user of one
specific drug rather than multiple drug users.
Compulsive Drug Users: The
compulsive drug users develop on physical or psychological dependence on one or
more drugs, the group comprises as many adult as adolescent most of whom are
seeking euphoric state that will break the routine or boredom of their lives.
Ritual Drug users: The
ritualistic drug users believed that drug provide spiritual or religious
experience. This group is made up of cultist who seeks revelation through the
injection of drugs. More so, Smith (1969) proceeded and made a second
classification of people who are likely to develop drug dependence as follows:
Young people who are looking
for vioke. People who have problem and need drug to sleep or lighten their
People of advancing age who
usually experience aches and pains. People whop are genuinely ill and indicated
with such drugs in the hospital.
1.Drug abuse causes mental illness, other health
hazards and social disorders.
2.Drugs abuse lead to failure of students and
dropout from school.
3.Drug abuse affects the academic performance of
4.Implication of drug abuse among students result
from peer group influence.
5.Drug abuse can be prevented through
multi-component programme, (family and school programme)
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This study is limited to
secondary school in Oredo LGA (Edo State) two schools were selected, these
include: Ihogbe College.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Health- The world organization defined health as a state of
complete physical, mental and social well being, and not merely an absence of
diseases and infirmity. It is on the basis of this definition of health that th
perception of the effects of drug abuse the role of parents and teacher I
preventing on health of student was based.
WHO: the world health organization is the main body concerned with
Dose: A specific quantity of medication of the administered at one
Sedatives: These are drug that soothe or induce an individual.
Stimulants: There refer to drinks or drugs which act in a way that
is opposite to sedative and make the brain active.
Narcotic: A drug which produces abnormal deep sleep.
Heroine: The same brand with Indian hemp but gotten from different
parts mostly found in American and it has effect on the central nervous system.
Parent Medicine: Medicine that can be obtained without doctor’s
prescription (e.g. Asprin)
Diagnosis: The act of distinguishing one disease from another.
Chemist: An individual skill in drug.
Prescription: A written direct for the administration of drug as
Barbiturate: Drug used for relaxing the nerves and used to induce
Drug used: This is an individual that takes or that apply drug.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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