This study examined the causes of students poor academic
performance in social studies in J.S.S. III certificate examination 2007 in
Ikpoba Okha Local Government Area. The research sampled 50 students from 5
secondary schools in Ikpoba Okha Local Government Area. Responses were analyzed
using simple percentages. From the analysis of data it was found that 70% of
the respondents agreed that non-availability of laboratory affected their
teaching on social studies. Also 85% indicated that their laboratory were not
fully equipped even though 58% noted that they regularly visited the
laboratory. It was also the opinion of 65% of the respondents that field trip
were important to the teaching of social studies while 45% though otherwise 59%
of the respondents supported the view of their importance of teaching aids in
social studies 43% surprisingly showed that their teacher only used one method
of teaching even though 62% indicated that the use of combination of method was
more advantageous based on these findings the research made some
recommendations to the government, P.T.A., parents students on the need to
harmonize and improve the resources available for teaching social studies in
junior secondary school examination.
1.2Statement of the problems
1.3Purpose of the study
1.4Significance of the study
1.6Scope of the study
1.7Definition of terms
2.1 literature review
3.1 Research population
3.2 Population of study
3.3 Sample area
3.4 Research instrument
3.5 Administration of instrument
3.6 method of data analysis
4.1 analysis and interpretation of result
with, it is proper to disabuse your mind from the earlier opinion that social
studies is the study of history, geography, religious studies, government
civics, economic history, anthropology or sociology. It is not an amalgamation
of the subjects listed above under the big umbrella of social studies. Hence,
Adaralegbe (1990) defined it as the totality of experience students goes
through having been exposed to such a course based on man’s interminable
problem in chosen environment with a full knowledge of unable factors whether
historical, geographical, traditional, political, social, religious, economic,
psychological, cultural, scientific or technological that are normally
responsible in man’s web of interaction with his environment.
(1980) puts it, social studies provides understand their physical and human
environment in order to act as responsible citizens. It has become imperative
to find out the trend of performances of students in social studies in the
junior secondary school certificate examination (2007) in Ikpoba Okha local
society becomes more complex and advanced in technology man restructured social
studies. This a lot of innovations emanated in different perspectives some of such
innovation includes, change in shelter, transportation, use of products,
culture, social institutions socialization and change in education. In other to
cope with the changes / innovation in social studies, the subject was
introduced to junior secondary school curriculum. Hence, junior secondary
schools are the level where rudiments of social studies are taught.
(1984) observed that students performance in social studies in Ikpoba – Okha
local government area has been affected by lack of qualify social studies
teachers, lack of laboratory, teaching aids, poor teaching method, poor
motivation, wrong choice of course, financial problem, family problem,
inadequate equipment, psychological problem, lack of provision of guidance
counsellor and poor health. Despite all the effects devoted to the problem of
poor academic performance, their has been little success.
is therefore aimed at looking into these problems and others with a view to
provide solution to tem. It is the hope of the research that recommendation
that would be made based on the findings would help to ameliorate the
situation. Similarly, it is believed that the recommendation would be of
immense benefits to educational planner’s policy makers, teachers and students.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE
process of teaching and learning brings the individual in contact with
the performance of student in social studies have left much to be desired.
Efforts so far made at improving this seemingly bad situation will not seen to
be providing the desired result. It would appear from past efforts that the
problems have not been either correctly diagnosed, or solution provided have
been adequate enough to ameliorate the situation.
light of the above it is obvious that the teachers and students themselves, who
in the past studied separately, would provide the needed solution. The problem
that arises from this situation is a decline in the numbers of students
enrolling in social studies at the secondary school level. This definitely has
a negative overall effect on the economy. Now that the country needs to be self
sufficient the youth must be encouraged to study social studies.
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
is aimed at achieving the following objectives:-
determine the performance of students in social studies in junior secondary
appraise the adequacy of facilities and equipment available in teaching social
studies in junior secondary school.
find out the extent to which students social economic background affects their
academic performance in social studies.
find out the extent to which por condition of services for teacher and lack of
qualified teachers can influence student’s academic performance.
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE
will help to throw more light on the students poor academic performance in
social studies so as to be appraise the problems and prospects of the study is
significant because social studies is the basic antidote for interaction
between man and his environment. It is the researcher sincere hope and wish
that this little contribution will be of immense benefits to the motivate their
interest towards the study of the subject in schools.
is likely, to benefits immensely from his study since the recommendation made
in the later part of study would highlight the areas that need to be given more
attention in the teaching and learning of social studies in junior secondary
of the research work would undoubtedly enable the social studies teachers to
improve his teaching method and effective use of teaching aids. It will also
emphases the needs for students to show more interest in the subject.
1.5 RESEARCH QUESTION
inadequate insufficient social studies laboratory / museum does not
affect the performance of students in junior secondary school certificate
is no significant relationship between student’s performance and their
participation in field trip.
performance of students in J.s.s certificate examination is not affected by the
non availability of teaching aids.
is no significant relationship between teachers qualification and students
performance in J.s.s certificate examination
teaching methods employed by the teachers do not significantly affect student’s
performance in J.s.s certificate examination.
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
focuses on the causes of student’s poor academic performance in social studies
in the junior secondary school certificate examination 2007 in Ikpoba Okha
local government area. This research is carried out in Idogbo secondary school
Idogbo, Ikpoba Okha local government area.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERM
following terms used in this study are described or defined below:-
Habit:- A well
planned and deliberate pattern of study which has attained a form of
consistency on the part of the students towards understanding academic subject
and passing examination.
is used interchangeable with academic achievement. It refers to student’s
scores arising from their responses to some set of learning tasks presented in
a test or examination situation.
3.Syllabus:- Syllabus is a guide or planned topics,
which the teachers uses to teach the students, with in the school year.
4.Field Trip:- Field trip are sometime called excursion.
They give the students the panoramic view of what they have been learning in
5.Library:- Library is a room or building for a
collection of books, kept therefore reading. The school library is an important
department in the school which helps to promote on inclemency the growth of
Teacher:- This is
a person that undergoes series of training in methodology of teaching and be
able to change or promote study performance.
Method:- This is
different methods used by teachers to promote students learning towards a
8.Motivation:- This is the arousal of students interest
9.Museum:- This is a building in which objects of artistic,
cultural, historical or scientific interest are kept and show to the public.
Aid/Instructional material:- There
are objects or material which promote the effectiveness of instruction and help
the teacher to communicate more effectively.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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