This research work is designed to look
into the causes of students poor performance in science in SSCE in Orhionmwon
Local Government Area of Edo State. then first chapter deals with the
introduction and background of the study, objectives, purpose of the study, the
limitation of the study and definition of terms. The second chapter looked into
various literature and journals written by various authors that are relevant to
the study. The third chapter deals with the methodology used in the study. The
major instruments used for collecting information were questionnaire which is
divided into science teachers questionnaire and students questionnaires. The
fourth chapter carried out the analysis and interpretation of data collected from
the respondents (questionnaire). The fifth chapter summarized the finding,
concluded on the findings and the researcher made recommendations that will
help improve the performance of students in science subjects in secondary
school certificate examination. The researcher also suggested areas that need
to be further investigated on the study.
Background to the study
Objective of study
Purpose of the study
Statement of problem
Significance of the study
Scope of study
Limitation of study
Definition of terms
Sample of the study
Validation of instrument
Method of data collection
Method of analysis of data
Analysis and interpretation of data
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Science is one of the most important subject taught in the primary, secondary
schools and even beyond. It can be traced back to early men who used two stones
to ignite fire, he had made use of scientific method to determine the
development which leads to the discovery of new ideas. Science is a systematic
body of knowledge which describe and classifies all forms and processes of life
and matter. This is because it helps human beings to discover new ideas and the
invention of numerous things that have reduced human efforts towards the
achievement of a brighter life. The usefulness of science subjects has widened
its scope to embrace many others concepts. Scientist posses some skills which
enable them to observe, classify, measure, experiment, control variable,
interpret data and communicate. They have also adopted the method of empirical
Science subjects are the vehicles of technological development and scientific
innovations. There are other areas where good knowledge of science manufactured
nuclear power, medicine, demography etc. to be more precise a country whose
citizens are scientifically uneducated cannot be expected to make any
reasonable technological based on political decision on such issue as nuclear
energy and atmospheric pollution because of the rudimentary tools to grasp the
various arguments. Based on these, therefore, scientific and technological
advancement constitute the means by which countries of the world have been
classified as developed or underdeveloped. The urban-developed countries are
highly mechanized through technology; they have faster means of communication,
easy means of transportation etc.
Inspite of all the usefulness of science subjects, students are being faced
with many problems, which are manifested in students performance in our
institutions especially at the secondary school level. Students in our
secondary schools are being scared from science because of the assumption that
the subject is too abstract in relation to other objects, with this fear in
their mind, the students hardly do well in the external examinations especially
in secondary schools in Orhionmwon Local Government Area. A look at this
problem will make one to examine the reasons for this. In most secondary schools
today, there is no adequate staffing in terms of qualification to teach these
subjects. T he few ones are not dedicated to their duties. To some teachers,
the teaching profession is secondary; much of their attention is paid to
hawking of wears or working in the farm with the result that little or no time
is devoted for preparation of lessons or paying attention to academic problems
of their students.
The existing few science teachers teach the subjects without the use of
teaching aids and the expensive cost of textbooks has extricate the whole
situation. This research work therefore, is to investigate the factor
responsible for t he poor performance and the negative attitude towards the
OBJECTIVES OF THE
The research will look at;
1. The number of trained science
teachers in our secondary schools
2. The number of experienced science
teachers in ou8r secondary schools.
3. The adequate equipment and
facilities for effective teaching of science in our secondary schools.
4. The various methods of teaching
science in our secondary schools.
5. Students and teachers attitude
towards science as a subject affect their performance in secondary schools
PURPOSE OF STUDY
The reason for t he poor performance had earlier been highlighted. However, it
is my belief that the degree of poorness in the performance of science students
at the West Africa Senior School Certificate Examination (WASSCE) in Oredo
Local Government Area is alarming. It is therefore the purpose of this study.
a. To draw the attention of
professional science teachers to this appalling conditions of the subject in
b. To highlight the major factors
affecting the poor performance of students in subjects at WASSCE from the
findings of the research.
c. To offer suggestion on the modern
concepts of teaching science subjects in the area.
d. To make parents contribute to the
progress of the subject in terms of corporation and financing relevant field
trip and laboratory which are vital aspects of science. This will go a long way
in motivating students to develop interest in the subject.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
The following questions will be answered in this study;
1. To what extent do students taught
by trained and experience teachers perform better than those taught by
untrained and inexperience teachers?
2. Do students with adequate
equipment and facilities for teaching science perform better than those who
attend ill equipped schools?
3. To what extent do students with
modern inquiry based method develop more interest than those students taught
with archaic method of teaching science?
4. Do students and teachers
attitudes towards science as a subject affect students performance in school
This study is concerned with the investigation into students poor performance
in science in the secondary school certificate examination, the significance of
this study also reflects in the value of teachers education, particularly in
science teachers should be dynamic, innovative and effective in their teaching
so as to inspire the students to learn the subject.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This research work has been structured to study;
1. The students and teachers of
science in the senior secondary school III class in the selected secondary
2. The facilities and equipment that
they used in teaching science in the various schools.
3. School certificate results in
science for three consecutive session in the selected secondary schools were
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Good and relevant textbooks:
Book written by Nigerian secondary schools and useful to the school certificate
distinction or credit in WASSCE examination
Failure of WASSCE examination.
Classroom Environment: All
good conditions that can be obtained in classroom, which encourage teaching
learning situations such as good teaching methods.
And teacher-students relationship
Motivation to Learning Science:
Good teaching method/techniques practical work, science facilities in the
schools and good students/.teacher relationship
Resource Materials: The
teacher resource simply means the instructional materials or aids which is used
in amplifying the lessons to be taught and captures the interest of the
learners to enhance their learning activities.
a systematic body of knowledge which describes and classifies all forms and
processes of life and matter.
a person who is trained to educate and train a group of learners.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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