Examination is a weapon normally used for
social engineering and he puts it thus. It is used in breaking through social
class barriers and quickening social mobility. Therefore, the imperative of
examination because we cannot scope one form of examination or the other, there
is constantly emphasis by people on the need to pass since it fells who should
have a given job at the expenses of on the spot (mouth oral test). In whichever
for an examination to take place, we must note that it is always competitive.
Meanwhile, the outcome of any given test is not governed by a complete standard
of performance by the degree of excellence of the contestants. Also, in the
civil service sectors, results are guided by the number of vacancies to be
occupied. It is worthwhile, to note than in the school system every child has
to write a series of tests in the secondary school. There are in the form of
class terminal and seasonal examinations and to go a long way to determine
whether he will reach the final year class. T his project contains five
chapters and will together deals with causes of examination malpractice.
Background of the study
Statement of the problem
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Scope and limitations of the study
Definition of terms
2.1 Review of related
2.2 The function of
examination in education
2.3 Abuses in over-dependence
2.4 Indications of malpractices
2.5 Reasons why students cheat
2.6 Parents/teachers level of
expectation is too high
2.7 The approach of
coordinating examinations are defective
2.8 Learners not properly
taught by teachers
2.9 Students have not
sufficiently worked at their examinations
2.10 The desire to succeed
3.1 Methodology population of
3.2 Sample of the study
3.4 Administration of
3.5 Method of Data Analysis
4.1 Reasons for students
cheating at examination
4.2 Origin (causes) of
examination malpractice according to teacher and school principal.
4.3 Origin of examination
malpractice according to teachers and school principal.
4.4 Method used by students
while cheating during examination
4.5 Method used by students
while cheating during examination
4.6 Sources of examination
5.1 Discussion of results
5.2 Reasons for students
cheating during examination
5.3 Summary of research
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
There are so many indicators in the literature that examination is one of the
most controversial matters in our contemporary society
Hence due to its nature, it attracts very many critics this situation has given
rise to where a part of the critics believes that examination as the last resort
Categorically, examination is clearly knows to render very useful help in the
field of education meanwhile, Stephen (1969) views that there are numerous
examples in all countries of the world while are in reality and frequently in
name, also, competitions designed to elimate the majority of candidates and
allocate the reminder to certain know vacancies for example the civil service
in secondary schools in colleges or universities. In the real fact examination
is usually employed to mark either pass or fail is constantly applied to a
collection of students. It collaborate the view of Stephen where he declares
that history as to back up the view setting children against one another in trials
and competition has always been a respectable means of inciting them to deal
because examination is used to measure the academic performance of every
students. With this mind, they have always strived to pass. In the same vein,
it also encourages a kind of competition within a collection of students who
will aim at the attainable highest mark in classes.
Apart from the foregoing examination as still used for giving grades to the
individual students. By casting our minds into past, the West Africa councils
issued resulted on the basis of some grading where students where placed
in stratification one, two, three, respectively secondly the relevant
practices of the Nigeria teaching institute is that students are given
certificates in the ground of distinction, credit, and good classification and
either of those where marked through examinations
By the standard of the National Certificate Education, students are by custom
grouped into first, second, further subdivided into upper and lower or third
class degree having successful undergone a rigorous set of examination.
Consequently, all those situations have been put together to exert influence on
the child’s attitude which have always had a way of bringing about negative desire
or success in any given examination with or without adequate and necessary
However, it is good to note that examination goes beyond the four walls of the
school system. Hence, Nwama (1979) observed that “in business sector, the more
theoretical examinations one passes, the better the chances of advancement even
of productivity does not increase. According to him, this is the social and
even candidates operate.
Examination still more, could be used as a medium for issuing licensed. A
paragonised paragon by the view of Stephen is driving test and here he declared
“no one so far wishes to put a limit to computing against each other in a
series of proficiency test designed to unlock out all but a small earlier
determined quantity of top grade performance. The authority has every desire to
ensure that those who handle cars are capable of doing so with at least a
minimum of efficiency. The essence of an examination before written before the
issuance of driving license is just to answer that life is made safer for the
majority of the populace using our highways.
Furthermore, he believes that examination is a weapon normally used for social
engineering and he puts it thus, it is used in breathing through social class
barriers and quickening social mobility. Therefore, the imperative of
examination because we cannot cope one form of examination of the other, there
is constantly emphasized by people on the need to pass since it tells who
should have a given job at the expenses of on the spot mouth (oral) test. In
whichever form an examination takes, we must note that it is always
competitive. Meanwhile, the outcome of any given test is not governed by a
complete standard of performance but by the degree of excellence of the
contestants. Also, in the civil service sectors, results are guided by the
number of vacancies to be occupied. It is worthwhile to note that in the school
system, every child has to write a series of tests in the secondary school.
There are in the form of class terminal and session examination and to go long
way to determine whether he will reach the final year class. Therefore, the
next examination to be taken will be either the national examination, which is
the final year class. These are respectively organized by the NECO and
It is essential to place on record that success at either of this examination
helps to determine the success made in the six years spent in the secondary
school. So higher marks attained in any of them becomes one of the yardstick to
institutions of higher learning while having to write other sets of consecutive
competitive examination with the JAMB to mention but a few.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
It has become an idea from the background of this work that examination plays a
very useful role in our education and society at large. It is a very rare
phenomenon to see where honest examinations are conducted. However, as early as
70s examination malpractices have been reported in our education cycle. With
action in mind, those who involved themselves in examination malpractice
usually introduce systematic and sophisticated method in overshadowing even
clever and watchful invigilators. Malpractice has been a nationwide scourge and
of which Edo State is also inclusive. For this reason is made to investigate
the extent it has gone in the area of the study have and why it happens mainly
in secondary schools in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of the study is to examine examination malpractices among secondary
schools in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State.
Right from the early 1970s, examination malpractices have been on the increase
due to the negative trend, various bodies have been seeking panacea to it.
Meanwhile, as they tend to proffer possible solutions, they learn more and more
styles of committing the crime; hence, this work is concerned specially to
investigate critically some useful aspects of examination malpractices.
a. Reasons why students cheat during
b. The method used by the in cheating
c. The extent to which the society,
teachers, parents, and students involve themselves in examination malpractice.
d. The effect of examination
malpractices on students, school and the society.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
It is believed that lots of benefits will be gotten from this study. In the
first place, it will mark the degree to which students, teachers and parents
involved in examination malpractices.
With a close reflection to the thought provoking questions above the following
that, there is a relationship between parents and teachers level of expectation
and students cheating in any given examination.
a. Why is that poor taught students
are most certainly to breach the integrity of the conduct of examination?
b. Why does the relationship between
the drive for success and breaching examination rules and regulations occur?
c. Why is it that the students who
have not equipped themselves adequately are most certain to cheat in an
d. There is a connection between
students, cheating in an examination and accomplish using it as an avenue to
making more money.
DEFINITIONS OF TERMS
is the action of any person usually not in conformity with laid down rules and
regulations whether internal or external.
Local Government Area: A
group of towns and villages delimited as a result of the Local Government Edict
No 13 of 1976.
used here implies school principals, administrators and teachers sampled.
West African Examinations Council
National Examination Council
National Business and Technical Examination Board
General Certificate of Examination
This is examination usually given toi students by their class teachers.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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