success of my educational system is a collective responsibility of every
component of the system in service to the organization, the successes of
Nigeria primary education is hinged in cooperation between individual, parents,
community and government, the position of primary education is very imperative
and today the local community has bluntly refused to cooperate and participate
in the financing the crucial level of education but leave it at the mercy of
the government. It is in the predicament that this study is designed to
investigate the extent of the community participation in the south west local
government area of edo state. It is in this search light that structure
questionnaire twenty items was designed especially on area of focus and administered
on a number of people in randomly selected in the area of study.
finding are revealed that:
school in Nigeria is not properly financed as government is the only major
source of finance.
communities do not cooperate with the government in financing the crucial level
of education since the whole system in confronted with insufficient fund.
Moreover, the investigation is of the opinion that;
is urgent need for joint participation of local community’s voluntary agencies
and individual for effective performance and management of primary education in
should therefore seek for alternative source of finding primary education as
try to evolve a participation policy in finding education in
Background of study
Statement of problem
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Scope of the study
Limitation of the study
Definition of terms
Review of related literature
Indigenous education and community participation
Primary school and community participation
During the colonial period
Primary schools management under the new dispensation
Problem of primary education in Nigeria
Prospect of primary education in Nigeria
Population and sampling research and sampling
Method of data administration collection
Method of data analysis
Discussion of finding
Summary, conclusion and recommendation
Suggestion for further study
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
is gainsaying the fact that education is very vital to the peace of socials,
political and economic development of any nation. This is why most nations of
the world strive to devote a sizeable proportion of their cross national income
into developing the educational sector.
to world bank (2002) in Nigeria between 7.6% and 7.9% of our annual expenditure
is devoted to education” management of primary education refer to the process
of planning, directing, staffing, coordinating, budgeting for reporting our
primary education system.
education in Nigeria refers to the education which children receive from the
age of 6 years to 11 years plus. It the foundation level of the educational
system which runs for six years and it is aimed at developing basic literacy
numeracy, communication skills and transmission of the culture of the people to
government of Nigeria has taken the responsibility of financing education in
Nigeria alone, it has dissolved other source of finance and latter have them
seen education as a national duty to be perform. However, community, individual
and organization in the financing of education but this is not true in the real
sense since government have taken over primary schools completely from
voluntary agencies embarking on a laudable programme such as U.P.E and carryout
the wages in school alone without a slighted resources other source.
this government hold step was highly appreciated. It did not last long as a
result of the economic recession brought about by deprecation of oil price in
the world market government do not find it simple to bring in community to
participate in financing education and the financial aspect of education is one
of the major problem facing educational development in Nigeria.
education in Nigeria has passed through some seting stage of development before
the advent of formal education. Nigeria use to have indigenous system of
education which involves the participation which involves the participation of
all members of the communities. The western kind of education was introduction
an country this education was welcome by the local communities because it
create room for their participation of the local communities hence the members
of the missions. When government assured the full control of education
responsibility, all alone with financing it with oil money the participation of
local communities were not encouraged and this enhance distortion to the entire
before this assumption of schools by the government, the voluntary agencies
such as Christian, Muslim and other organization were these responsible for
education. The communities were not left out their effort in participating for
the financing of education, some events beyond construction of schools, staff
rooms for the teachers. A case in point is that of Iguogun primary school
Iguogun in Ovia South West Local Government Area of Edo State. Where communities
did participate in the construction of school and even the staff rooms for the
were focus towards government of education in these days before the take over
by the government. But now the area of government expenditure is widened and
the economic of the nation is in state of paralysis. In their regard the
strength of government to provide the necessary schools materials is weak, now
the government sick for alternative of sharing the responsibilities with other
source of income.
speaking, there is no head hidden in the fact that Nigeria schools are below
standard of normancy in view of scarcity of resource to finance their schools
and its facility are out of use and irregular payment of teacher salaries. It
the predicament that government transformed the funding and administration of
primary education to local government has generated a lot of difficulties in
the educational sector because; the local government could not afford to
shoulder this responsibilities of primary schools. Primary education is left
unconcerned for since federal government couldn’t make authentic policy
statement about whose responsibility is it to handle this important level of
education and this has been the problem since till date.
primary education is been handle by the federal government but things are not
done in a normal ways, this research therefore set act to analysis the
community participation in primary school administration in Ovia South West
STATEMENT OF THE
the time past, analysis has shown that primary education is in a great
predicament in Nigerian because of the ability of the federal government to
seek for alternative source of founding education especially from the local
communities, voluntary organization, individuals and philanthropists even
though it has been ascertain that government alone cannot provide necessary or
required materials. This has infant thrown the teaching and leaning situation
in primary school into a sad condition were unrest in this order of the day.
West Local Government has part of this larger society (Nigeria) has her own
share of their problem, and even presents a complex and peculiar situations for
instance the teachers salaries are not pay regularly, the teaching and learning
situation are jeopardized, the materials needed for teaching are not available,
the school building are out dated (dilapidated) and the management of primary
school in a state of confusion due to lack of participation of the communities
in the financing of primary school system.
serve as a major role or therefore necessary for the communities to contribute
or rather participate adequately in the financing of primary schools especially
at the level of the primary schools education as the bedrock on which the
progress or failure of the whole nation hope on.
following are to be answered extensively as they will throw more light on the
extent while primary education can be encouraged in Nigeria as a whole of Ovia
South West in particular:
availability of instructional materials and other classroom essential
facilities have any effect on the standard of primary education in Nigeria today?
what extent will communities’ participation in funding primary education help
in improving education of our pupils?
what extent can the joint participation between the government and local
communities enhance primary school?
what extent will community involvement enhance the management of primary
schools facilities and funds?
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
research work is purposefully set out to investigate analysis and examine the
point in which community participation in financing education in Ovia South
West Local Government Area. It is a wide open and clear that the financial
burden of the primary education in Nigeria at large, Ovia South West precisely
cannot be over look and it cannot be left for the local government alone or
else the primary education will decay and then the entire nation will collapses.
study will also help to correct the following standard of primary education y
encouraging and challenging both individual, voluntary agencies and local
government/communities to reconsider response to pounding basic facilities and
adequate financial and adequate financial predicament.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
need for education in our society and nation at large cannot be over emphasized
because it make the people easy read but difficulties to rive, easy to govern
but impossible to sustain throughout this research work we shall no the extent
to which the people of the land have satisfied the extent to which the people
of the land have satisfied the above statement.
South West Local Government has no record about its literacy of educational
programme. Therefore it is important to carry out these types of study as it
will be useful to educational planners and organizers of the various
educational programmes of local government in particular.
greatest problem that our education programmes have been experiencing till
today is lack of sufficient fund to carry out educational programmes already
shall we do to remedy this highly situation? This research work will suggest
adequate solution which will be of interest to those concerned with education
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This study is geared towards investigating the role of community
participation in financing primary Education. Mean while this impediment of
communities not participating in this financing of primary education can be
observed throughout the state and country at large however this research work
is specked to primary schools in Ovia South west Local Government and it is
restricted to some village under Ovia South West Local government area of Edo
state known as Iguobazuwa, Umaza and Iguogun presidely.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Below is the definition of some key terms used in this study.
(1) Community: A group of people living together
and share common interest. Community in this passage referred to different
towns and villages in ovia south west local government area.
(2) Primary Education: This beginning of
rearing of our offspring in a formal setting to the need of the community. It
is an institution of rudiments of knowledge but in this study primary Education
especially include the public schools owned by the government.
(3) Financing: It is the involvement of
people or community sharing idea in items of labour or finance for enhancing
proper management and development.
(4) Participation: It is the involvement
of people or community sharing idea terms available in labour, finance and human
Resource for enhancing proper management and development
(5)Community development. this means the
development of this
Democratic participation which enable the people to cooperation
and embrace the spirit of self-help in the execution
Of programme related to their development.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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