This study was carried out in order to
know the common difficulties encountered by students in chemistry practical
class in secondary schools in Uhunmwonde LGA of Edo State. The number of
teachers and students involved were about fifty two students and seven for
teachers respectively. The criteria used for the selection of the schools was based
on their past performance in SSCE (2006-2009). This research was based on four
hypotheses, the four hypotheses were validated and they are:
There is shortage of qualified chemistry
teachers in secondary schools.
School laboratories are inadequately equipped.
There is over-population in laboratory
Insufficient practical periods on the time
The schools involved include the following
Obadan Secondary school, school
Eyaen secondary school, Eyaen
Egba secondary school
Urukposa secondary school
Ekose grammar school, Ekose
The data for this was obtained through the
use of questionnaires, oral interview and the records of the SSCE (2006-2009)
the following conclusions were arrived at:
i.Enough named chemistry teachers who would be
able to perform and teach practical, immensely contribute to the brilliant
performance of students in chemistry.
ii.Equipped chemistry laboratory enable the teacher
the students to carryout practical exercise effectively.
iii.Students in a school that has sufficient
laboratory rooms and time allocated to the teaching chemistry practical perform
better in chemistry examination. From this findings, it was recommended that:
Government should endeavour to provide
adequate and equip laboratories, classroom blocks and enough qualified teachers.
iv.The 6-3-3-4 system of education should not be
seen as a change to subject matter but an introduction of the technological orientation.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Background of the study
Statement of the problem
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Scope and delimitation
Definition of terms
Validity and Reliability of instrument
Administration of the questionnaires
Method of data analysis
Analysis of data
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
The technological advancement of any country depends on the
scientific background of such country. Chemistry teaching practical to be
précised has been faced with a lot of problems. More atempts have been made to
find solutions to these problems. Accordingly, Nigeria students, studying
chemistry are expected to be taught what chemistry is (STAN, 1970). They are
expected to acquire scientific skills of observing, reporting, organizing of
information, generalizing, predicting or speculating and designing experiment
to test hypothesis.
The teaching strategies used in carryout chemistry practical
prescribed for developing these skills in the laboratory rooms include:
a.The involvement to students in opening ended
field or laboratory work.
b.The inclusion of problems-solving activities
c.The use of discovery teaching tactics whenever
On the contrary, the inadequacy of basic laboratory
infrastructures and technical personnel which are involved in the teaching of
chemistry practical, have manned this methods. As a result, the objectives of
teaching and learning of practical and experimental exercise which are geared
towards improving the preparation of scientific background for technological
advancement have not been achieved.
Several difficulties encountered serves as an impediment not only
to chemistry practical but also to the teaching of chemistry in secondary
school some of these difficulties encountered would be enumerated later in this
1.2STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Chemistry as a science subject is taught in most secondary schools
in Uhunmwonde Local Government Area of Edo State. Almost all science students
in these school offer chemistry (the practical in particular) because of its
vital role as one of the basic science subjects relevant in science profession.
Inspite of students interest and reactions towards chemistry practical, they
perform poorly in chemistry in their final examination as a result of the way
they were been taught by their chemistry teacher. The questions that come to
mind are what are the problems of teaching chemistry practical in schools?
Could it be as a result of lack of laboratories in schools, lack of laboratory
attendance, or lack of qualified personnel or inability of the teachers to use
the laboratory equipment in teaching? This has been a great concern to most
people. And it forms the essence of this project.
1.3PURPOSE OF STUDY
The purpose of this study is to examine the difficulties
encountered by students in chemistry practical in secondary schools in
Uhunmwonde Local Government Area of Edo State. And also suggest ways in which
the teaching of chemistry practical may be improved.
1.4SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
Science has been recognized in the nation’s education. Hence the
new system of education (6-3-3-4 system of education) lays much emphasis in
science. Therefore at the end of this research, teacher trainers should be able
to equip the chemistry, teachers with a suitable solution to problems as well
as ideas for teachings of chemistry practical in secondary schools. This study
will be of great importance to the society as well as the nation at large
because of its scientific, social, economic, and technological value
particularly the students as their reasoning faculty and their creative skills
may be improved through effective methods of teaching.
There are several difficulties encountered by students in
chemistry practical class in the secondary schools. The following hypotheses
are stated in the alternative form.
1.There is shortage and lack of qualified
personnel in teaching profession.
2.School laboratories are inadequately equipped
3.Insufficient time is allocated to chemistry on
the time table.
4.There is over crowding/population in classrooms.
1.6DEFINITION OF TERMS
is a place for experimental studies.
Poorly equipped laboratory:
This is laboratory with little or no equipment to carryout the necessary
experiment for effective and efficient learning.
Well equipped laboratory: A
laboratory that contains all the necessary equipment for experimental or
Career which require advance education and special training.
West African School Certificate Examination and senior school certificate
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
For more informations on project materials and more