This research work was designed to determine the use of
instructional materials and its availability and students performance in
computer science in Oredo Local Government Area. The study was carried out in
six schools selected.
In this work, eight research questions were formulated and were
critically analysed and recommendations was also pout forward to remedy the
problem. Some of the recommendations is that government should provide teaching
aids, qualified and experience teachers should be employed and computer
laboratory and adequate textbook should be provided by the school management
and the government etc.
1.1Background of study
1.2Statement of problem
1.3Purpose of study
1.5Significant of the study
1.6Scope and limitat5ions of study
1.7Definition of terms
3.1Population of study
3.3Validation of research instrument
3.4Reliability of research instrument
3.6Administration of instrument or data collection
3.7Method of analysis
4.0Presentation and analysis of data
5.4Suggestion for further study
In the part, there has been a great set back between the
developing nations of the world in general and Nigeria in particular regarding
the need for industrialization. Therefore much emphasis has been laid on the
teaching of computer science from primary school level which is seen as a basic
necessity of the dreams of industrialization are ever to come true. In Nigeria,
the adoption of 60% to 40% ratio policy in admission of students into the
secondary schools in a step considered imperative if the country must develop
technologically. However, computer science as a field of study has existed
unknowingly among us many years before the introduction formal education in
Nigeria but only popularized just in the recent past with the arrival of
Our fore-father never saw the four walls of the classrooms nor
attended any schools, they were actually making use of tools in their daily
activities. The situation is not different from what we have today expect with
little modification for example, our fore-father were able to produce
cutlasses, holes and knives which were used to cut grasses, make ridges and
other things, like the use of stones and their hands to count money and also
brain to solve calculations like addition, subtraction, division and
multiplication. Computer science has a lot of abstraction and also has strong
base in our culture. If it is properly taught and adopted, its application will
become part and parcel of our every day life activities.
1.1BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Computer science plays an important role in the life of every mankind. The
government desire to create a scientifically literate citizenry as well as the
need to effectively make her industries with the much needed man power,
required the need for total reevaluation and improvement of the method used in
teaching computer science. This will enhance the comprehension and to some
extent stimulate interest in the natural and physical sciences which forms the
basis for much technological transfer. The use of integrated computer science
resource materials will appeal to their senses and feelings and consequently,
aids learning. Resources materials provide effective means of learning
especially when the teacher skillfully integrate them during teaching processes,
they serve as aids meaningful instructions.
As teachers we need to understand the students who receive educational
instructions from us, we need to study all the factors affecting the pupils
before we can properly assess the performance level of students in any subject.
Research findings have shown that students’ performance in computer science and
integrated science or any other subject is generally poor over the years.
(Fakuade, 1976 and Egbede 1993). This may not be due to a number of courses, it
may be due to lack of equipments and facilities in the schools. Lack of
qualifies and experience teacher, Unfavourable atmosphere, lack of space,
frequent change of schools by children etc. it may be pertinent to note that
majority of the students, primary and secondary school have different level of
performance in computer science.
According to T. S. Bajah 1970 and Farnant J. A. 1964, these educationist prove
that education is child centred and that the aim of education is to develop the
child in all areas of human endeavours of which computer science is all. The
importance of the child and computer science in modern educational system is
very relevant. Nigeria today is referred to as developing country because of
its low level of technology advancement. It is therefore a well-known fact that
Nigeria requires solid foundations in computer science subjects in order to
develop her technologies. The manufacturing of hardware and sophisticated
materials which make many countries developed and industrialized were only
possible through a proper acquisition of the basic knowledge of computer
1.2STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
The best place to establish computer science culture is the formative years of
primary school. Meaningful teaching and learning in this state requires
concrete examples, which are likely to be absent in most schools. It is in this
regard that researcher intend to find out the relationship between availability
and the use of instructional materials and the students performance in computer
science in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State and then suggest ways of
encouraging children, teachers, and administrators to pay more attention to the
use of instructional materials in order to improve the performance level in
computer science in primary schools. Consequently, this study will consider the
1.Lack of sufficiency in the number of manpower
specifically trained to teach computer science in these primary schools.
2.Availability and use of improvised materials in
the teaching of computer science in the primary school.
3.The level of state and local government
commitment to the acquisition of basic primary school computer science equipments
requisite for the effective teaching of computer science in these schools.
4.Lack of interest on the part of the teachers
5.The interest of the student in computer
1.3PURPOSE OF STUDY
This study is to determine the relationship between availability and the use of
instructional materials and students’ performance in the teaching and learning
of computer science and also suggest ways to improve the students’ performance
Having identified the problem of the study, in order to give directives to this
work, some research questions were formulated. They are stated as follows:
are the effect of non availability of instructional materials? it leads to
failure of pupils
poor performance of pupils
of understanding of the subject.
there an instructional material? How is it used? It is poorly use.
the use of instructional materials enhance effective teaching and learning of
there computer science equipment and laboratory?
pupils’ background affect the use of resource materials in the schools?
1.5SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Some of the benefits that will be derived from this study are highlighted as
1.The study will aid teachers in the use of
instructional materials to facilitate the teaching and learning of com0uter
2.To determine students attitude towards computer
3.To crate awareness of the importance of
4.To ascertain the level of students performance
in computer science.
5.The study will draw the attention of government,
voluntary agencies, PTA and community to improving better use of instructional
materials to sustain the teaching of the subject.
6.The analysis and results to these problems will
enable curriculum planner of computer science to improve or draw up a better
curriculum to suit the need of the pupils.
1.6DEFINITION OF TERMS
electronic device used to process data and information.
study of structure and behaviour of physical and natural world and society.
act of knowing
scientific study and use of applied science.
become advance or more organized.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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