occupies a commanding position for both academic and sheer selection yet they
have been best with nagging problems particularly that of neglect. This 2009
study sought to identify the causes of child abuse and neglect among children from
different home with special reference to selected secondary schools in Egor
local government area of Edo State.
indicate that sheer desperation to be able to obtain and have a good home and
reduction of child abuse and neglect. At all cost. The tendency to succumb to
family pressure the inherent opportunity for child abuse anxiety over non
complexity of the syllabus and basic intellectual weakness are all important
factors that propel. The investigation has highlighted constant counselling and
some modification of the end of the causes of child abuse and neglect system as
steps towards reducing child abuse.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Background of the study
Statement of Problem
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Limitation of the study
Scope of the study
Definition of Terms
Area of the study
Population of the Study
Sample and Sample Techniques
Instrument for data collection
Validity of instrument
Method of data collection
Method of data analysis
Data analysis and interpretation
Discussion of finding
Summary of the study
Implication of the study
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
is an instrument of social, mental and economic development through which right
values and attitude for proper development are inculcated. Child abuse and its
consequences which is the unjust treatment given to a child, disturb this
It is a
practice whereby children are battered, deprived of some basic needs in the
home and at school. The saying that the child is the father of the man
recognizes the fact that the quality of today’s child will determine the
quality of tomorrow’s man.
was necessitated by the researchers encounter with dismay the multitude of
school age children roaming in the street during school hours. They hawk goods,
wash cars, beg for food etc. these activities are deprivation of the children,
the right of education. Apart from that, they are sent to hawk on daily basis
ad warned not to return with the unsold goods. Girls turned to promiscuity ad
boys will turn to stealing in order to make up the money for their mistress or
masters as the case may be. In this process, some are killed and others may run
on cars when crossing road.
present economic hardship in the country is a fascination or thus child abuse.
In this condition, education of the child becomes the victim of economic down
turn of the nation. For those that attend school, many are hawking and pushing
wheel-barrow, car wash as part time job to raise the school fees. While others
feeds ad cloth the family through the venture. As a result of this abusing condition,
the cumulative influence of these activities may have poor academic performance
as its consequences.
offshoot of this child abuse and the consequences is examination malpractice to
make for academic deficiencies resulting from failure to attend school
regularly and devotion to class activities.
child generally is a boy or a girl of any age between infancy and adolescence.
But for the convince of law, a definite age bracket is ascribed to a child.
to Eigbe (1996), a child in the southern states in Nigeria is a person between
the age of 0 – 14years and in northern states
between 0 – 12years.
is a type of physical of mental injury or maltreatment of a person who is
regarded as a child. The definition of child abuse has been expanded
considerably to include more than just the beaten and sexually abuse child. It
extends to any condition injurious to child’s physical or emotional health that
has been inflicted by parents, guidance or other caretakers and schoolmates.
The situation should be that of intentional infliction of injuries other than
accidental means like suffering, harm by reasons of consequences, malnutrition,
sexual abuse of growing up under condition which threaten his or her survival.
Definite knowledge as to the nature and scope of child abuse appears to be
lacking due to the difficulties associated with the definition of the concept
as well as the cross cultural global issue regarding what is and what is not
child abuse. In western orientation, child abuse extends to various misuses of
children, especially with regards to functions relating to certain
responsibilities such as “child labour” either in the form of “farm work “, or
street hawking which many children in African cultural content embark upon as
an acquired work rule in an extended family system.
belong to the defenseless and disadvantaged group. They should not be harmed or
maltreated in any way as they are incapable of appreciating the dangers they
face and the adverse effects which ill treatment have on their future
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS
Government Area has witnessed in human act of child abuse and its consequences
and its devastating effect on the child development. This becomes obvious when
on view it from treatment meted to the children from broken home and parental
following are some abuse and consequences meted on a child;
a.Inadequate care for the children by parents and
guardians in terms of providing basic needs.
b.Deprivation of certain children’s right both in
the home and at school.
c.Child prostitution through hawking
d.Child kidnapping or death through hawking
e.Exposure to danger of death or harm through
f.Misuse of children in various working areas.
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
of this study will enable parents and guardians to have alternative way a child
rearing with abuse of children. There will be improvement on children enrolment
in the school as the findings of the study will be known to the society at
will also help educational personnel to understand what constitute child abuse
and its consequences (like working on the teacher’s farm during school hours,
sex abuse by senior students, lack of teaching materials etc its perpetuating
force and effect so that they know where and how to start combating it. This
study will also help the government to know the various forms of child abuse
prevalent in Egor Local Government Area and the ways for fighting them.
following research questions guided the study:
a.What constitute child abuse?
b.What are the causes of child abuse?
c.How does child abuse affect the academic
performance of the children involved?
d.In what ways can child abuse be controlled?
In addition, the same act describes a maltreated child as a child
under the age of 18 years who has been abandoned by his parents or other
persons legally responsible for his care. Schools, government and culture
community occurrence as acts of omission and or commission. He further said
that neglect would include deprivation of schooling materials care and
envy Nigerian child because he is force to watch greed, corruption,
painlessness, truancy, dishonesty, theft, brutal and hunger as a way of life.
This is true because in Nigeria situation for example, you see people so busy
chasing money so as its perpetuating force and effect. So that they know where
and to start combating it. It will help government to know the forms of child
abuse prevalent in Egor local government area and the ways of fighting
SIGNIFICANT OF THE STUDY
findings of this study will enable parents and guardians to have the knowledge
and skills to study their children very well to know their right from their
left. There will be improvement on children enrolment in the schools as the findings
of the study will be know to the society at large.
will also help educational personnel’s to understand what constitute child
abuse and neglects (like working on the teachers farm during schools) hours sex
abuse by senior students, lack of teaching materials etc.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This study is limited to the effect of child abuse and its
consequences on educational performance of students in some selected secondary
schools in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
is limited to findings out the effect of child abuse and on education
development of student in some selected secondary schools.
The following terms were used during this study.
Definition of child abuse neglect: this is because a social concept
like child abuse always reflects the value which boarders on human nature and
value. Child abuse is the maltreatment of a child’s which interferes with the
child development, him by parents, guardians which makes the child to suffer
harm, neglect through without necessary basic physical care. Child abuse is the
deprivation of child care to a young person which distorts his development
Truancy is a problem today in many place, truancy is caused in
some of the cases that are listed below. Child who become truancy can easily
dropout of school.
1.Good and quantity conducive environment for
2.introduces fun related activities to school
3.A good and quality interaction between peer and
4.Introduction of scholarship in the school
curriculum classes students be jam-packed.
5.by legalizing activities in the school premises
6.Whom there is disciplines at all levels of
administration and down to the students.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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