The purpose of this study is to identify the effect of academic
background of parents on academic performance of pupils. In other to get a sound
conclusion some research questions were formulated as follows; Does the
provision of educational needs affects pupils performance? Does audio-visual
aid influence the performance of pupil? Does the appreciation of teachers
enhance the performance of pupil? About one hundred questionnaires were
designed and administered to pupil in primary school Egor Local Government Area
and the researcher collected their responses immediately. The method use is
sampling random procedure. Solutions were given to authorities concern among
are parents. There parents appropriate measure in providing their children
educational needs, ministry of education should give awareness on how parent
can be of help to their children education. Those parents that ate not educated
should be given opportunity to attend adult school in other to influence their
children academic at home.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Statement of problems
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Scope of the study
Definition of terms
Influence of home on pupils academic performance
Academic background of parents and children academic performance
Other factors that can cause poor or high performance on pupils
School is not the only educational institution
Research design methodology
Design of the study
Sample and sampling procedure
Validity of research instrument
Administration of research instrument
Data analysis and interpretation
Discussion of findings
Summary, recommendation, suggestion for further research and
Suggestion for further study
So many reasons have been advanced for the poor performances of
students in schools prominent among them are the negligence of duty of teachers
and parents. Parents seems to depend only on teachers with the believe to
change or transform their children to academic experts over night, and anything
that falls below this expectation makes the teachers conduct unacceptable.
Few people care to think of other factors responsible for poor
performances of students at school. Unfortunately, these factors are so weighty
that, it renders the important efforts made by the teachers towards the
realization of students academic useless. It is widely accepted that c child’s
academic achievement does not only restrict to the school he attends but also
the education and educational preparation that particular child has received
outside the school. It could be from the family, in the community and from the
According to Peter Gorski (2004) Awake ‘child’s early years what
should parents do?’ “It has been noticed that the foundational background of
any child should be properly lay down, else such particular child will face a
lot of difficulties in future. Some students who are very brilliant were
negatively affected by the attitude of their parents, by not providing them the
necessary materials needed in the school and at home.
Apparently, it is now noted that students whose parents encourages
and provides their educational needs always perform excellently. It was
discovered that many parents do not realized the importance of keeping their
children at school beyond some certain level. They preferred to have their
children working with them in their trade, and those that are interested in
keeping their children at school, never bordered to give a follow up by
checking their children’s note. This medium makes the children performance to
go below average at school.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
A lot of various factors have contributed to the effect of parents
academic background on pupils performances in Egor L. G. A. of Edo State.
Parents educational background can pose a positive or negative expectation from
students performance. Such as provision of materials and resources which can
support learning. Some families can hold firm to their cultural value which may
affect their children. For example, the assumption parents make about choosing
an occupational goal for their children.
According to Adefemiwa (1995) he said that when students are given
academic assignment to perform at home, some respond to it positively and
return with a poorly work done, while others do not make any attempt. In
addition, when students are asked to bring materials from home to aid their
learning, some responded positively while others responded negatively.
Therefore, the researcher intends to investigate the conditions
surrounding the academic performances of pupils. To this end, the research work
intends to provide answers to the following questions;
1) Broken home can lead to poor academic
performance in school
2) Parents academic background can lead to low
3) Non-providing of educational needs can as
well lead to poor result in academic performance of pupils.
4) The environment can also cause poor
performances of the pupils
PURPOSE OF STUDY
The purpose of this research work is to examine the effect of
academic background of parents on academic performance of pupils. The
difficulties which parents experienced during their periods of schooling or the
type of job they involved which has made them to deviate from their family
responsibilities has been a way of robbing the children of their sound academic
performances. Solution will be suggested in reducing poor performance among
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This project would reveal the importance of parents with sound
academic background and how it can affect their children academic performance
positively or negatively. There are some children with the population sample
who are over age or above average intelligence with adequate sensory acuity,
whose parents have sound academic background and have all the available
opportunities but achieve less than what could be predicted. This could be seen
as a significance of educational discrepancy.
The following research questions are formulated;
the provision of educational needs affects pupils performance?
audiovisual aid influence the performance of pupils?
the appreciation of teachers enhance the academic performance of pupils?
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This study is limited to all the primary school in Egor Local
Governemnt Area of Edo State. The research is based on finding the effect of
academic performance of parents on academic performance of pupils.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
There are certain terms used in this study that have specific
connotation to the study. Some of the terms include; academic, educational
discrepancy, academic background, parents, pupil performance, education and
Academic: This is concern about teaching or studying those subject
taught to provide skills
Educational discrepancy: People who have sound academic background
and who also have adequate opportunities but achieve considerably less than
what could be predicted.
Academic background: The detail of a person’s education
Parents: Person’s father or mother
Pupil: A person who is being taught especially a child in school.
Education: A process of teaching, training and learning especially
in school or colleges to improve on knowledge and develop skills.
Teacher: Person who inculcate knowledge into another person.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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