The purpose of the research work is to find out
the An assessment of the effect and causes of deviant behaviour on the academic
performance among some selected secondary schools students in Oredo Local
Government Area of Edo State. To achieve the above stated objectives, five
research questions were raised which includes:
What constitute a deviance in a given school?
What are the observable deviance found amongst students?
What are the general cause of deviance in students?
What are the effects of deviances in the academic performance of students?
How can we prevent deviance in schools?
From the above research questions, a questionnaires was drawn, 20
items was used for the studies with the population of two hundred and fifty
respondents from the four selected secondary schools in Oredo Local Government
Area of Edo State which is as follows:
Ihogbe grammar school
Emotan secondary school
Akenzua secondary schools
Recommendation were also given which if employed, will help in no
small way towards the reduction of deviant behaviour amongst students.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Background of the study
Statement of problem
Purpose of study
Significance of study
Scope and limitation of the
Definition of terms
The concept of deviant
Causes of deviant behaviour
Types of deviant behaviour
Measure for controlling
Sample and sampling
Techniques of data collected
Validation of instrument
Analysis of table and hypothesis
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
In the past decades due to the side of schools regards compulsory education,
child labour laws, deviant behaviour have been problem to the school which they
have always found difficult to handle. Deviance is found every where people
live here is no agreement about the behaviour constitute deviance. Everyday
conversation show that what some people regard as deviant others regards as
normal what some people praise other and political consensus about deviance, if
never the less permit unfull discussion of the important dimensions of
Deviant behaviour is an anti social behaviour that opposed or contrary to
normal social instincts or practices (Oxford American dictionary, 1999) a
violation of social relationship. As classroom instruct on and interpersonal
relationship including a clear contrary behaviour against established value of
Westende (1998) status that profoundly ill discipline and violent students
behaviour are detrimental and disturbing not only to an individual or students,
but also to effective learning and teaching in classroom. Students who present
uncontrolled violent anti social behaviour lack ability of self discipline. The
lack of agreement about what constitutes deviance is especially highlighted by
the fact that every schools who study deviance are not in agreement on which
people act or condition are deviant.
According to Cohen (1990) deviance concern Knavery, Skulld uggery, cheating,
unfairness, deviances sneakiness betrayed, graft, corruption wickedness and so
on. It also deals with drug users. Thieves, homosexuals, and their blackmailers
hooligans, suicides, and industrial saboteurs. According to Goulder
(1975), the definition of deviance have focused largely on the world of the
hip, right people drifters, grafters, and skidders the cool world. Howard
(1984) see deviant behaviour as the behaviour of jazz musician, and marijuana
users. For Dints Dynes and Clarke (1975), the following person are deviant
drafts, midgets, paints, sinners, hereties bums, traps, hippies, and bohemians
be hi are that genius in a deviant Stafford and Scott (1986) deviant include
such disapproval condition as old age, paralysis, cancer drug addition metal
unless homosexuality, unemployment being Jewish blindness, epilepsy, receiving
welfare illiteracy divorce ugliness stuttering, being female poverty, being an
amputee mental retardation and deafness.
We see then that deviance include for these scholars, behaviour (e.g.
deviance), condition (e.g. stuttering and types of persons (e.g. hippers). Also
the act could be voluntaristic (e.g drinking) and involuntary (e.g., epilepsy).
We may find problems trying to discover what is common about these last
especially when see that it include behaviour that is positive valued (e.g. the
genius) it may be positively sanctioned (rewarded), negatively sanctioned
(punish or simply accepted without reward or punishment). In practice, deviant
usually refers to behaviour that result in negative sanctions. The oxford
dictionary (2000) define deviance as when a child or pupils deliberately absent
himself from school without the permission of the parents, or the school
authority or without a reasonable acceptable excuse. The pr0hlem of deviance
manifest itself and dedication to their work, lateness to work ostentation,
neglect of duty etc. most of the problem of poor academic performance of
students in school might not be unconnected with deviancy, but some people
still do not see deviant behaviour and a social ill because they think that the
society is dynamic and children should not be expected to remain static in
their behaviour or attitude to this effect some behaviour are reaction to
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Deviant behaviour is posing a serious threat to learning in most school, some
antisocial behaviour in school are charged by bullying extortion, in subordination
and physical fighting others include adolescents aggression or act of violent
behaviour against other students and stuff, sexual assaults harassment, gang
activity or weapon carrying, the school on there part do not seem to be able to
cope with the problem because no significant attempt has been made to reach its
root. Recent studies show that students, violent behaviour is more directed
towards teaching staff and students making it very difficult for teacher to
intervene because the need to protect there own. One thing is however obvious
in the issues that is there is a proving tendency for school children to be
involved in such bad habits as stealing, truancy deviant character,
smoking etc because most homes no longer play their tradition function of
training the child in an upright manner this is because many parents are so
pre-occupied with duties outsides the homes that they have little or no time to
keep watch over the action and behaviour of their children who are unfortunate
to fail into bad peer groups would copy their bad behaviour and they are bound
to play truants. Broken homes can also contribute to deviant behaviour because
children from a single parent tend to be exposed to dangers of the society for
example, a single parent child will leave the mothers house without either of
the parent knowing because the mother will think he is in the father house and
This study is therefore aimed at finding out the An assessment of the effect
and causes of deviant behaviour on the academic performance of the students.
And also to find answers to the following research questions.
What constitute a deviant in a given school?
What are the observable deviance found among students?
What are the general course of deviance in students?
What are the effect of deviances in the academic performance of the students?
How can we prevent deviance in school?
SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
At the end of the study it is hoped that the finding of this research project
would helps unravel some of the possible causes of deviant behaviour in our
secondary schools, the effect and have helps to proffer solution from which
policy matters, schools, administration teachers and students themselves will
PURPOSE OF STUDY
The purpose of this study was to discover the behaviour of normal child so that
we can identify degree of deviant of their causes. Specifically, investigation
includes the following:
The effect the deviant behaviour on the academic performance of the child in
Egor Local Government Area.
To look into the various dimension of deviances as they affect the general
To categories deviance into various classification.
To unravel the cause of deviant behaviour in children.
To suggest ways by which deviance (crime of juvenile, delinquency can be
prevented in school.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
For the clarification, the following terms which were in the content of study
are hereby defined:
Deviant: This is the study of social deviance and crime.
Crime: Activities that involve breaking the law.
Stress: Pressure or worry caused by the problem in somebody life.
Violence: This is to go against or refuse to obey the law or an agreement
Anxiety: A state of feeling nervous or worries that something bad is going to
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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