The Significance Of Educational Facilities On The Academic Performance Of Students In Secondary Schools, -abstract
This Study Is To Investigate The
Significance Of Educational Facilities On The Academic Performance Of Students
This study is to investigate the
significance of educational facilities on the academic performance of students
in secondary schools in Akoko- Edo Local Government Area of Edo State. Eight
research questions are developed to capture the topic and questionnaire is
designed to elicit information from the respondents which comprise of teachers
and students of the selected schools, 100 population samples were randomly
selected from the five schools in the L.G.A. percentage and frequency
distribution were used to present the result of the information gathered. The
findings revealed the contribution of adequate teaching material or facilities
to the performance of students, the importance of teaching facilities, problems
militating against the use of educational facilities and how it can be resolved
in the study area.
Background of the study
Statement of the problems
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Scope of the study
Limitation of the study
Population of the study
Sample of the study
Validation of instrument
Method of data collection
Method of data analysis
Discussion of results
Summary and conclusions
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Education is man’s fundamental method of reform and progress. It can be
regarded as the tool with which society brings the transmission of its own
culture. Reomer (1981) refers to education as “all those experiences of the
individual through which knowledge is acquired, the intellect enlightened or
the will strengthened “ while Unachuka (1989) defines education as “ the
process by which individuals are assisted formally or informally, though proper
direction and finance, to develop their capacity for their own benefit and that
of the society.
Education can therefore be regarded as a social process whose purpose is to
bring about certain desirable behavioural change in the total development of
the individual. In the whole world education has been given more regard while
in Nigeria particularly education has been seen as the main vehicle for rapid
It is obvious that since advent of the Europeans, Nigerians have attached much
importance to western education. The first type of schools according to Bab
Fafunwa (2001) were the Islamic and Arabic schools which emerged as a result of
the Islamic Scholars arrival into the country on the pretence of trade. They
brought along with them their religion which was Islamic under which were the
The first set of schools were usually situated under big trees with students
who were mainly normally conducted in the evenings after their trading
activities with the merchants who acted as the tutors. These teachers are
called “Mallams”. It is obvious that the first type of school system didn’t
have any facility apart from the slate and foreign textbooks used.
Furthermore, with the arrival of western education, the uses of facilities
became vague. Classrooms which came in small rooms now in form of schools which
comprises of administrative blocks, offices with such facilities as chairs,
tables, chalk and chalkboards. Textbooks were also provided to aid teaching,
this ease the way knowledge was formally imparted to the students to prove for
old stanions system.
Walberg and Thomas (1992) shown that pupils have been noted to learn best when
they can effectively explore at school environment that is rich in material, so
that whenever they are given the responsibility to make meaningful choice, they
afford to interact with the available facilities.
This led to Adaralegbe’s (1978) statement which states that the large scale of
educational programme had been embarked upon, because of increasing awareness
of the country that, education pauses the way for modernization and enable one
to improve oneself. Putting this into consideration in our schools presently it
will be noted that, education by various government bit yet, much efforts is still
required to meet up adequately. Since over fifty million people desire
Classrooms are very vital in schools, the classrooms are constructed to suit
the purpose of learning and also considering climate of the people. eagle Hardt
(1954) emphasized that classrooms referred to as “Teaching laboratories”. Much
importance should be attached to facilities to enabler an imagined educational
programme to be achieved. This in short shows the importance of the provision
of efficient and effective facilities to help enhance a smooth and conducive
teaching and learning process to enable the production of effective manpower
for the nation.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Inadequate facilities will surely affect the smooth teaching and learning
process in all schools. There are some problems outlined below encountered in
schools due to lack of adequate facilities. It is known that the academic
performance of each student depends to a large extent on the facilities exposed
to while learning but, when they are lacking some problems is faced.
The first noted, peculiar problem would be generated when there is no inclusive
teaching and learning conduction. The unconduciveness could be as a result of
non availability of facilities like table and chair in the classroom. There can
never be way of concentration by students. Students can not be expected to
achieve any of the objectives at the end of the lesson. If pupils have to share
chairs with their mates, they would be easily distracted among themselves and
the class which is supposed to be active3ly involved in the learning process
turns out to be appealing and there is enough discomfort for the day to
discourage the interest of the pupils for the whole day’s work.
Since the interest of the students are very low, they are going to also have a
low level of understanding, knowledge to be imparted to the students would not
be fully understood. There may also be limitation in understanding.
Laboratories are lacking in many schools and in some schools were they can be
found reagents and equipment are lacking. For instance students in
science class who always learn in abstract, that is without practical
knowledge, of what teacher is saying cannot have effective learning and this
will automatically affect his/her academic performance. These lacks of
laboratories have resulted to low interest in science subjects today, such
subjects are physics, chemistry and biology.
Also the non availability of teaching facilities like textbooks, buildings,
chart, chalkboards etc. have hindered students performance academically and
this has resulted in their low interest in most of the subjects offered in
their various level in secondary schools.
Finally, it is observed that the students supply their acquired knowledge in
effectively since they have not been able to be taught with the practical
aspects but rather expressed to only theoretical aspects of their field of
specialization, if they have been opportune to make use of facilities in
different aspects they would have been effectively appropriate.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The origin of using facilities to aid learning has been the pre-occupation of
the proponent of school facilities. The studying of the teaching facilities in
relation to students’ academic performance is to know the importance of
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This study will be limited to a few selected secondary schools under Akoko-Edo
Local Government Area of Edo State. The study covers the following schools;
1. Akoko-Edo Comprehensive College,
2. Unity Comprehensive College,
3. Ososo Grammar School, Ososo.
4. Somorika Grammar School, Somorika.
5. Ikpeshi Grammar school, Ikpeshi.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study is meant to help educators and education planners realize what
problems students who are subjected to since there is the rapid desire for
education by an increasing population of Nigeria, which have to be met
adequately and with the high rate of facility storage.
The study is meant to identify these problems and how much effect it has on the
performance of the students since these facilities exist to facilitate and
stimulate the instructional programme of the school system they should be
provided and maintained.
This project aims at the teaching facilities and how it affects the performance
of students in selected institutions. In order to achieve this, the following research
questions are very essential.
1) Is there a relative difference in
academic performance between schools with adequate teaching facilities and
school without adequate teaching facilities?
2) What are the problems encountered by
schools without teaching facilities?
3) What are the effects of lack of
4) What are the advantages of having
effective teaching facilities?
5) What are the disadvantages of not
having teaching facilities in a school?
6) Are there adequate facilities in your
7) Is there chance of improvement in
providing facilities to schools?
8) Is there teaching and evaluation
condition good in your school?
9) Do you enjoy teaching without adequate
10)How can the government improve effective teaching in schools?
DEFINITION OF TERMS
are materials that make it possible or easier to do something, such facilities
in teaching like desks, chairs, libraries etc. for easy learning process.
needed for a particular purpose. School equipment like modern equipment,
learning technology for writing on.
Academic performance: that
is, the ability in academic works. It may be either excellent or poor
in quantity or good enough in quality, for the purpose or need for effective
is the importance of something or educational equipment
is a room or building used for scientific research, experiments testing etc.
is the passing of knowledge from an experienced person to an inexperienced
is producing the result that is wanted or intended.
is the process of teaching and learning to improve knowledge and develop skills
of an individual to the society.
is where teaching and learning takes place.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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