This project work deals with the effect of divorce on the academic
performance of students in some selected secondary school in Oredo Local
Government Area of Edo State.
The purpose of the study is to identify the effects of divorce on
the academic performance of students in secondary schools.
In pursuance of the study certain problems, which require
solutions, were identified and they are;
from broken homes suffer a lot of psychological and emotional disturbance,
which leads to academic and social backwardness in schools.
and un-ruling attitudes of step parents to these students leads them to steal
items that do not belong to them in school.
Background of the problem
Statement of the problem
Purpose of study
Significance of study
Scope of study
Definition of terms
Sample and sampling procedure
Instrument of data collection
Administration of instrument
Validation of instrument
Reliability of the instrument
Method of data collection
Method of data analysis
Analysis of data and discussion of findings
BACKGROUND OF THE PROBLEM
In ancient societies, marriage of a youth was part of the
responsibilities of his parents, where a man was made to marry a wife that was
chosen or selected for him by his parents, the young man had no choice but to
accept his wife with joy and thanks. All a time he could certainly not afford
to keep a wife, all maintenance was burned of the parents.
According to Landis, H. P. (1977), in the past, marriage were a
matter within the clan and its environments, parents were not anxious to see
their sons getting married to girls from distant places or other tribes.
Marriage were arranged by parents on basis of family friendship and such
marriage hardly break up because of he close relationship between both parents.
Divorce in the ancient times was also very rare, because of
penalties of proven infidelity and fear of offending with of both families.
In Nigeria, there are four clearly defined types of marriages, ewe
have the church marriage conducted in the church or statutory marriages, court
marriage is performed at the Moslem mosques and marriages contracted according
to the native law and customs of any given ethnic group known as the
In 1979, according to Fumilaya Davis, marriage was made for the
purpose of having children so as to establish a family because marriage was
ordained by God to serve this purpose, when these children are eventually born,
they are seen as God’s blessing and as a gift to their parents as they are
social and economic assets to their parents.
The family this time needs a home to live in and feel secured,
thus home is a place where a family live and also a place where one secures
love. It is a place which provides all individual need, in order to fit into
the society successfully. A home provides for good physical, mental,
psychological and spiritual development of its members. A home built on love,
mutual understanding and good planning is able to met its goals and a home
where love and understanding are lacking is bound to crack and in all
direction, thus, broken homes are homes or families where either the father or
the mother has cased to be member of such home or family through divorce,
desertion to mention but a few.
Divorce therefore can be defined as a personal misfortune for
either of the spouse in any society. But it is a universal escape for the
inevitable tension of marriage.
Divorce as a mater of fact breaks through bonds which once united
two individual and their family. Marriage is a step in life, in which a person
plans as in a career or even business where one can either fail or succeed.
This bond dissolution can occur as a result of extra – marital practices by
either the partners, early marriages.
The objective of the family is the proper upbringing of children,
which is very important to them than the happiness of the parents. This is
because the early years of child’s life are for the information of personality
and these are the years that are spent mainly in association with parents,
sibling and the family. The home as the child’s immediate environment forms the
basis for personality development, which accompanies the individual throughout
As a result of divorce or broken home, children fail to develop
ties to one or few important persons in the family and when these ties are
disrupted, children are taught to be impaired in developing close relationship
These children feel bitter and carry over the tension from home to
school. As a result, they cannot think clearly or critically as a happy person
and at the same time cannot concentrate on anything taught at school, when a
mother is out of a home, leaving the children under the charity and mercy of
step pother, these children are made to face many problems, like emotional
disturbance (fear insecurity), not inspired to study malnutrition, sickness and
disease, negligence, as such they are not likely to perform up to expectation
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Many problems are associated with divorce or broken home, which
reflects on the performance of children in schools, some of these problems are;
1It has been observed that children from broken
homes suffer, some other problems e.g. non-provision of some basic necessities
like, clothing, food, learning materials etc.
2There is increase in domestic work and
redistribution of household chairs which leaves the children with little or no
time for their studies.
3Insecurity: Step mother or step father do not
show much love and affection to their step children which makes them suffer
from mental retardation and miserable. They show behavioral responses like
lying, stealing, playing, truant in school etc.
In view of this, the researcher is forced to wonder whether extra
sexual relationship and finance problem could lead to broken homes and if
really broken home is the cause of decrease on the academic performance of
children in school. A close look at other turnout of secondary school graduates
reveals a lot of “half cooked”, “half boiled” and “half baked” scholars both
academically, socially and otherwise.
This goes to motivate the researchers’ fear that divorce may have
negative effect on the academic performance of students
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The researcher is interested in the study of the effects of
divorce or broken homes on the academic performance of students in secondary
In view of this, the study is geared towards identifying the cause
and problems of broken homes and the effects on the academic performance of
students in selected secondary schools in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo
The researcher also hopes to education married couples and the
general public of the consequences of divorce or broken home on the children
and to encourage them to live harmoniously in order to bring up children who
will successfully fit into the society and become useful to themselves and the
SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
This study will give the researcher a deep insight into how
divorce affects the academic performance of students in schools because
whatever happens in the home has a bearing on the academic performance of the
Therefore, it is necessary to eradicate the youngsters who are yet
to marry about the problems and causes of divorce and their consequences on the
children. This will make youngsters to be careful when choosing their life
Findings from this study will aid children from parents who have divorced
the understanding of the problems experienced by the children and give them
assurance about their future.
increase in the academic performance of students in our secondary school call
for immediate attention, the researcher is eager to find out what exactly are
the cause of this problem and the consequence on the children of such marriage.
The following questions will be used for the study of these problems;
1Does children from broken homes perform better
than children from unbroken homes academically?
2Does students/children who perform poorly in
school are all from divorced homes?
3Does divorce affect the academic performance of
4Are children/students from broken homes
opportune to plan with their sponsors what course to pursue in life?
5 Does insecurity and un – ruling attitudes
of step parents of students of broken home lead them to steal love at school?
SCOPE OF STUDY
There are many secondary schools in Oredo Local Government Area
where this research is to be carried out but due to time factor and poor
financial position, the researcher shall limit this study to four different
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Divorce: This is a legal separation of husband and wife leaving
each other free to remarry. It is also to break off a marriage legally.
Marriage: A state of being legally joined as husband and wife
Family: A group of people who are closely related especially
father, mother and their children
Infidelity: Disloyalty or a state of being unfaithful to the
husband or wife sexuality out matrimonial home
Couple: Two people together especially a husband and wife
Youngster: Young person or young boys and girls yet to marry.
Early marriage: A situation where either of the spouse is not ripe
enough for marriage before getting married.
Universal escape: Means of regaining freedom from tensions of
Family goals: the aims and objective which a family strive to
achieve for better living.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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