was conducted at the College of Education, Ekiadolor – Benin, Edo State of
youths towards condom use. A total of 200 youth drawn from this community
and some youth who were also involved in this great institution of this study.
The questionnaire designed by the writer was used to elicit information.
The implication drawn from this finding is that the likelihood of using condoms
in sexually activities will also be attended with such ambivalence and
complacency, thus creating a fertile ground for the spread of HIV/AIDS.
In view of the HIV/AIDS pandemic, it is suggested that there should be mass
media with particular emphasis on utilization of acquired skills. There
is also the need for a renewed sense of commitment towards dissemination of sex
related information by parents to their children wards to ensure an improved
attitudinal disposition towards condom use.
TABLE OF CONTENT
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
OF THE STUDY
SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
1.7 SCOPE OF
LIMITATION OF STUDY
DEFINITION OF TERMS
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
DEFINITIONS OF YOUNG ADULTS
CHARACTERISTICS OF YOUNG ADULTS
BEHAVIOUR OF YOUNG ADULTS
HAZARDS INHERENT IN PROMISCUOUS SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR
TRANSMITTED DISEASES AMONG YOUNG ADULTS
TOWARDS CONDOM USE
IDEOLOGICAL FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH CONDOM USE
2.10 GENDER AND CONDOM
POPULATION OF THE STUDY
OF SAMPLING METHOD
OF THE RESEARCH INSTRUMENT
RELIABILITY OF THE RESEARCH INSTRUMENT
OF DATA COLLECTION
OF DATA COLLECTED
DATA ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION OF
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) pandemic has contributed immensely
to the present focus on sex education and reproductive health programmes its
all encompassing consequences, which include health, social and economic
implication is of particular relevance to youths. This is because AIDS
afflicts the age range, which constitutes the working class of any nation.
In many African countries, HIV prevalence4
levels are high among youths. It has been reported that more than half of
all new infections occur in young people (Henry, 1993). The association
of young persons to reproductive health problems is closely related to their
increased exposure to the world proneness to experimentation and peer pressure.
Kim (2001) they are particularly at risk because the society does not provide
for them. The information, skills, health services and support they need
to make well informed and responsible decisions about their sexual behaviour.
Osoh (2001) noted that students in tertiary educational institutions are among
the adolescents whose sexuality and reproductive health practices have been
neglected in past research, most to the discourse on tertiary educational
institution have heavily rested on contributions to the labour force and
students militancy. Despite this obvious neglect, it is evident that
society is particularly susceptible to the consequences of sexual activities of
groups and individuals, which include unintended pregnancy, sexually transmitted
diseases (STDS) including HIV/AIDS and other reproductive health problems.
The onset of sexual activity has become progressively earlier in a survey
by the population reference Burearu (2001) of nine Sub-Shara African countries
at least half of the young people surveyed has had sex before the age of 18
years. This trend may be traced to the erosion of traditional African
values which place emphasis on chastity and encourages marriage at an early
age, particularly for girls. Additionally the adoption of Western
cultures, which have more permissive attitude to sexual issues have contributed
to the liberal attitude to sex and increased sexual activity by the Nigerian
youth (Feyisetan, 1987).
As at 1991 it as estimated that 70% of all global HIV infections were estimated
to have spread by sexual intercourse between men and women. It is also
believed that 80% of all infections resulted from heterosexual intercourse by
the year 2000.
Existing data have shown a lower condom use in the developing world. This
difference has been attributed to the higher, actual or perceived risk of
sexually transmitted infective (STIS) by men in the developing work (Blane et
A family planning survey carried out in 1994 by the Federal Office of
statistics in Nigeria showed that only 36% of the adult population believed
that there is protection against AIDS. The immediate implications of this
finding is that most men are not likely to use condom since they do not believe
it provide protection (Gyepi-Gerbah 1985).
Although prevention through behaviour change has been identified as a viable
route in curtailing the spread of AIDS, current efforts neglect this important
area, for instance, inspite of the relative low cost and safety of condoms they
are rarely used even among high risk persons. Notable attitudinal barrier
towards the condom stern from the belief that they are insensitive, unnatural,
meant for only promiscuous persons, may offend partner, inability to predict
sexual activity, poor perception of risk etc.
No doubt, reproductive health problems contribute significantly to the
morbidity of the African youth. A necessary step towards the improvement
of quality of life must emphasize preventive strategies such as condom use to
curtail the spread of the deadly AIDS which has no cure.
In the light of the foregoing, there exists a need to evaluate the attitude of
the Nigeria youth towards condom use. The attitudinal disposition serves
as a predictor to the probability of condom use in new of intervention
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Since prevention is the only viable option left to cure the AIDS pandemic,
prevention strategies must have a clear objective, special attention must be
given to young person because this group is prone to experimentations with its
Additionally, young persons represent the present as well as the future;
therefore adequate prevention strategies must be given a high premium. In
this regard, the attitude towards condom use becomes relevant as this can guide
the course of STIS, and consequent spread of the deadly disease.
This study therefore seeks of examine the following problems critically:
what will be the several attitude towards condom
will student attitude towards condom use be
determined by gender?
will student attitude towards condom use
determined by use?
will student’s attitude towards condom use be
determined by family types?
will students attitude towards condom use be
determined by level of study?
will students attitude towards condom use be
determined by residence?
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The study seeks to determine students attitude towards condom. Its
specific objectives are to investigate if there will be any difference among
students of the College of Education, Ekiadolor toward condom use as determined
Level of study
Type of family
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
This research is geared towards finding solution to the effect of condom in
preventing STD and the following will be asked.
Is the acceptability and attitude towards the
use of condoms different in male and females?
Do the older people accept the use of condoms
more than the younger ones?
Do condoms offer reliable contraceptives?
Do the people believe that without the use of
condom they can contact sexually transmitted diseases (STD)?
Do the company in charge produced quality
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
The study is of utmost importance and relevance in the face of the threat posed
by the AIDS pandemic.
Secondly, youths fall victim, the age category of persons at risk by virtue of
their age and proneness to experimentation and sexual activity.
In view of the high premium placed on preventive strategies in the fight
against AIDS, the need to evaluate young persons attitude towards a safer sex
device like condom becomes very necessary.
1.6 BASIC ASSUMPTIONS
It is assumed that youths by virtue of their youthfulness and early onset of
sexual activity in sub-Sharan Africa will be sexually active, it is also
assumed that youths who are after sex associated with a tendancy towards
experimentation and seeking immediate gratification will not like to adopt
safer-sex practices like condom use thus escalating the AIDS pandemic.
1.7 SCOPE OF STUDY
This study is primary to carryout research on the effect of condom in
preventing sexually transmitted diseases among the youths of Benin City.
The focus of the researcher will be on Ekiadolor community and the school will
be College of Education, Ekiadolor – Benin City. 100 youths will only be
used in this researcher work.
The formular for calculation is expressed below.
where R = Respondents
N = total number of respondents
100 = percentage
1.9 DEFINTION OF TERMS
Condom: A rubber sheath
used as a male contraceptive device as well is a protective device against
Attitude: An enduring
disposition held towards an object or person, which could be favourable or
Safer Sex: The herence to
strategies that reduce the probability of STIS and HIV transmission.
Pandemic: Pandemic is a
disease occurring in a wide country or world wide
Reproductive health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well
being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, in all matters
relating to the reproductive system.
HIV: HIV means Human
Immune Deficiency Virus
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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