The purpose of the study is to find out the effect of home
background on the students academic performance in Ovia South LGA of Edo State.
The literature review was done through reading of textbooks newspapers and
journals the method adopted were the questionnaires. The data got from the
questionnaires were collected into figures and percentages which are show in
tabular from. The responses from the data collected revealed that the
socio-economic of the parents, residence and the size of the family affects the
academic performance of students. Finally, recommendations to the above effect
of home background on students academic performance in Ovia South West LGA are
made and some of than include the following. Parents should try as much as
possible to give much affection and encouragement to their children in order,
which their children would be motivated which could boost their academic
performance parents should have the number of children that they can easily
cater for early upbringing of a child plays a vital role in (later) education
of the child. So parents should ensure that good behaviour, peace, unity,
understanding and friendly relationship exist at home for the child or children
to emulate and to model to others, with these, to the best of my ability or
knowledge educational advancement of the student could be enhanced.
1.1 Background of the study
1.2 Statement of the study
1.3 Purpose of the study
1.4 Basic Assumption
1.5 Significance of the study
1.6 Scope of the study
1.7 Limitations of the study
1.8 Definition of terms
2.1Students place of residence and their academic
Analysis, Interpretation of data
Summary, recommendations and conclusion
1.1BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
An education system in any society both reflects and adopts itself
to the political and economic circumstances of that society. Nigeria a
developing country is not let out in this race to educate her citizens to build
her manpower to meet the need of our ever changing world. In accordance with
this, various administrations have adopted various policy measures in making
sure that the education policy is properly implemented. There had been a change
from the old system of education, which was inherited from our colonial
masters, to the 6-3-3-4 system. All these are in attempt to establish a good
educational system that is geared towards obtaining good performance in
educational attainment of students. However, it is rather paradoxical or true
that while some students have good performance, others do not have but do
poorly in terms of education. When the students are successful, there is no
course for concern but when the students are unsuccessful, it gives course for
concern. Some countries like Nigeria have been characterized by this kind of
Much blame has usually been leveled on the school
authority as well as teachers attitude towards teaching. In this regard very
few people care to think of other factors which might be responsible for
student’s poor academic performance at school. The factors include usefulness
and meaningfulness of materials learnt, mental retardation. Student’s age,
classroom atmosphere and students home background and so forth. On this account
Burt (1937) said that it is convey of backwardness asser5ted that background of
a child affects his educational achievement. In the word of Glenn (1976)
background may be due to individual courses such as poor health, emotional
disturbances and mental retardation. Family background of students determines
how the child views himself and the way he views others. The society is a
function of these two factors. In other words, the environment of the child at
home determines his behaviour as well as how he relates with others. However,
the essential factor inherent in a home or family are the socio-economic,
cultural and psychological factors.
Culturally, the behavioural pattern among families differs from
each other. While in some there is a sound cordial understanding or
relationship between parents and children. While in some other, because of the
cultural sanctions or taboos they observe their seem to be autocratic
atmosphere in the home. This therefore influence students behaviour at school
as opined by F. Musgrave (197) students who have much affection from the
parents and guardians tend to perform better in school than those who have less
or no affection from their parents emotionally, they may become depressed whish
could hinder their academic performance. The socio-economic status of parents
is another decisive factor, which could influence student’s performance. It is
observed that students from well to do (affluent) home in most cases are more
exposed and tend to do better than those from less affluent or very poor homes.
Since home is the primary unit and agent of socialization from
which the fundamental education of the child begins, the success or failure of
any students depends largely on the encouragement by members of the family.
1.2STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
Education generally, is a continuous process of enculturation,
which begins from cradle (birth) and ends in grave. The type of education one
receives determines his future potentials. Parents and guardians are
ill-feeling about the harming rate of poor academic performance of students in
school nowadays. What they do eventually is to call the teachers to questions
the pupil’s poor performance. Little do they know that other factors apart from
teacher’s abilities such as home background do influence pupil’s academic
performance. The home being a primary unit of socialization and where most of
children learning take place cannot be single or left out in identifying course
of poor academic performance of a child.
1.3SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The role of education in any society is very vital and a
systematic study into student’s performance will be of immense use to
educational planners, teachers, government officials and any other agency or
persons that are interested in the progress of the students. The study is
interested in carried out to enable parents acquire the basic knowledge which
will help in the laying of good foundation for their children there by having
good academic performance. This fact has risen because the home has the primary
unit of socialization. Through this study, parents may identify the problems of
poor home background and learn ways which will enhance good academic
performance of their children. To the educational planners, the study will help
them to know that individual differences arise from different home background
in educational planning and administration. To guidance and counselling officer
in the school, the knowledge of home background will enable him advise his
1.4THE PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of the study is to critically examine the influence of
home background in students performance in Egor Local Government Area of
Edo State. The area of concentration in this research students are :
1.Family or home background
2.Life style of various social classes
3.family size and students academic
1.5SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The study is centralized on student’s performance by the family
background and finding lasting solution to this problem.
The following research hypotheses have been postulated by the
1.The effect of family background on students
2.Educating parents or guardians on the effect of
family background on their children or wards performance.
3.Educating the teachers to know that there are
individual differences among the students irrespective of their home bringing.
1.7BASIC RESEARCH QUESTIONS
The research is geared towards findings solution and the following
will be asked:
a.What are the causes of poor academic performance
b. Are there relationship between the
residential area of students and their academic performance?
c.To what extent does socio-economic status of
parents influence the academic performance of students?
d.Are there any relationship between size of the
family and the student’s performance?
1.8DEFINITION OF TERMS
This could be seen as a place where one lives especially with ones family.
This is a group of people who are related to each other, especially father,
mother and children.
traits of ones family it can also be seen as the family way of life.
carryout something better improve in ones study.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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