A SURVEY OF THE FACTORS MILITATING AGAINST FEMALE EDUCATION IN SECONDARY SCHOOL IN EGOR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA EDO STATE
SURVEY, FACTORS, MILITATING, AGAINST, FEMALE, EDUCATI SECONDARY, SCHOOL, EG LOCAL, GOVERNMENT, ARE E STATE
A Survey Of The Factors Militating Against Female Education In Secondary School In Egor Local Government Area Edo State, Abstract
--- The Parents
Of Old Did Believed That Whatsoever Investment As Per Western Education The
Same Female ...
of old did believed that whatsoever investment as per western education the
same female are going to end up in their husband kitchen. This mentality thus
affected females going to school as it all ends up having ninety-nine percent
of the female gender being a full time illiterate. Though this whole is being
summarized by an acronyms WEEK , which implies
W – Women
E – Education
E – Ends in the
K – Kitchen
Thus t he
persistent imbalance and hindrances to female education stem primarily from:
- Early marriage
- Cultural and religious factors
- Parent sentimental attachment on male children.
- Women being perceived as housewives performing
strictly domestic work.
- Perception of parents and society as to what
should consolidate the actual role of women in the society.
Therefore with this came the following reasons why women education
should be set up.
1.To enable women improve their family health.
2.To increase women productive ability.
3.To give women access to appropriate technology,
management of cooperatives and the use of loan facilities.
4.To improve women social and cultural status.
5.To enable women discharge their responsibilities
with the objectives.
create awareness among women
eradicate illiteracy among women
improve the quality of women in society.
ensure that the rights and concern of women are addressed to ensure successful
and even development process.
awaken consciousness of all women to the need for the development of a positive
re-orientate the attitude of all females irrespective of age toward
1.1Background to the study
1.2Statement of problem
1.5Significance of the study
1.6Scope and limitation
1.7Definition of terms
2.2Concept of women education
2.3Reasons for women education
2.4Objective of women education
2.5Classes of women with special needs.
2.6Factors militating against women education
2.7Prospects of women education
2.8Exceptional women (female)
3.1Population of the study
3.2Sample and sampling procedure
3.4Method of data collection
3.5Method of data analysis
4.1Presentation and analysis of data
5.2Conclusion and Recommendations
There was a
census that was taken with as aim of getting the proportion of illiteracy
between men and women. It was discovered that the ratio was of 9:1 that is nine
illiterate women to one man. Prior to the above findings a young researcher by
name Osayogie O. (2002) did attest the reasons for this with an acronyms-WEEK
W - Women
E - Education
E - End in the
K - Kitchen
to Osayogie (2002), “the parents of old did believe that whatsoever investment
as per western education done on a female is a waste since the same females are
going to end up in their husband kitchen. This mentality thus affected girls
(females) going to school as it all ends up having 99% (ninety-nine percent) of
the female gender being a full time illiterate.
education as an instrument of propagating the values of the society and with
the relative success of woman in almost all professions and governmental post,
societal activities vis-avis, parent have completely changed to granting female
equal social and education right. In the view of Ogwuozo (1992) and Nwabunwene
(2000), the persistent imbalance and hindrance to female education stem
1.Perception of parents and society as to what
should constitute the actual role of women in the society.
2.Parent’s favourite investment on the education
of males who will perpetuate the family name rather than their daughters.
3.Inadequate education resources especially in the
rural areas. With this the students are cut-off from using educational
facilities and services (both human and non human) such as the library,
laboratories and guidance services that result into high failure and drop out
most especially of the female students.
4.Curriculum content not fully taught to students,
which work against their enthusiasm for entry the university to read
specialized or professional courses.
5.The labour market and the family size.
In addition, Osayogie (2000) did argue that parents in Nigeria do
believe male children are better of than female children, the reason for this,
they say: the male children extends the family traits as the family name4 dies
not, but the female children gets married and then starts answering the
husbands name, with regard to this they believe educating the male child lead
the family name to educational stability. The need to give attend to the
education of women and girls in our country is not only for them to discover
themselves, but because of the increase contribution which education will
enable them to make to the economic, social and political development of the
nation. In the world of Obe (1971) women’s potential contribution towards their
societies may be summarized under three headings these are home making,
professional work, and public life.
First, as homemakers, a woman can by
knowledge, skill and energy enhance the level of living in her own home. She
can improve the nutritional content of the family means by better understanding
of deities. She can add to the comfort and amenities of her house. She can
improve family health by better hygiene and childcare, she can male clothes,
grow better and more varied crops in her garden or plot. Above all, she as an
educated mother which can understand better and contribute to the schooling
which her children receive.
Secondly, she can learn to fill the jobs
badly needed in her country, where skills are in short supply, teaching,
medicine, nursing, secretarial work, social works, mechanical, clerical etc.
the number of female professionals is on the increase, women who had the
opportunity to lead in various establishment and are still leading have no been
proven to perform below their male counterparts. Nigeria as a country can boast
of her illustrious daughters such as professor Grace Allele Williams (the first
female vice chancellor in Nigeria) and a lot of other women of her class.
Thirdly, there is a civil contribution to be made by women. In
some countries, women have made a particular notable contribution to public
life. Countries such as Britain, Indian and Israel, which have had women prime
ministers and the scattering of other countries which have women ambassadors,
women members of legislators, ministers and some paramount chiefs. It is of
cour5se, not only at these high levels that women have a part to play, but
lower down the line in the community below to.
Women’s emergence from the home is often first of all into some
kind of community organisation for women’s association fro sharing of mutual
interest and social occasions such group may be feminist in intention but quite
often they are equally concerned with the sharing of knowledge or efforts on
topics of common local on domestic interest.
In this regards some prospects of women education can be said to
be very numerous, though some includes:
1.Enhancing the women to function effectively in
the modern economic systems.
2.It makes them stable and pleasant even when
3.It equips women with self-confident self-esteem
and a desire for respect and accuracy.
4.It makes them understand complex issues
associated with modern times.
1.2STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
This study is specially concerned with many and varied problems of
the female (factors militating female education in Egor Local Government Area).
a.Do poverty or economical constraints serve as a
factor militating against female education?
b.What are the cultural belief towards female
c.Do the government encourage female education.
d.What are the perception of the general public
towards female education?
e.How does early marriage influence female
f.What is the reflection of illiterate female in
g.How far has the essence of female education
h.What is the percentage of female in school?
To guide the research the following questions were posed by the
1.What are the factors that are affecting female
2.Do poverty or economical constraints affect
3.Does early marriage affects female education?
4.Is there still discrimination in our society
about female educational life?
1.4 OBJECTIVE OF STUDY
Due to the
mentality of the general public female have being denied the right of education
as such bring about the alarming rate of illiterate mother, females or girls in
the society at large. Attempts would be made to identify the factors militating
against female education in Egor Local Government Area and as such proffer reasonable
and translating solutions to these problems.
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF
It is expectancy that findings from this study will help in the
1.Identify how poverty or economic standard
influence female education and their belief positively?
2.Find the cultural belief towards female
education and their influence the belief positively?
3.Encourage government and voluntary organisation
to support/encourage female education.
4.Identify the prospects of female education
proffering ways as which it can be attained.
5.Identify the influence of early marriage on
6.Identify the perception of the general public
towards female education?
7.Find the reflection of the illiterate female in
8.Identify the importance of female education.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
These are words formed from the initial letter of a name e.g. NASA meaning
materials Aeronautics and space administration.
person on thing exactly like, or closely corresponding to another.
Course of study in a school.
According to Omiegbe (1998) “Education itself is the development of an
individual through training transmission of what is worthwhile to the point
that he is able to fit into his environment and contribute to the best of his
ability, to the well being of the society.
Adjective with little or no education, unable to read or write showing such
ignorance. Mutual: Adjective (of love, friendship, respect, etc) shared
exchange equally, (of feelings, opinions etc) held in common with others.
Social way of living customs etc of a civilized community system whereby people
live together in organized communities.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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