THE EFFECT OF EXAMINATION MALPRACTICE: A CASE STUDY OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN EGOR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE
EFFECT, EXAMINATI MALPRACTICE CASE, STUDY, SECONDARY, SCHOOLS, EG LOCAL, GOVERNMENT, ARE E STATE
The Effect Of Examination Malpractice: A Case Study Of Secondary Schools In Egor Local Government Area Of Edo State, abstract
Th9is Research Work Examine The Effect Of
Examination Malpractice In Secondary Schools In Egor Local Government ...
Th9is research work examine the effect of
examination malpractice in secondary schools in Egor Local Government Area of
Edo State. examinations are known to play very important roles in our education
system. It is used for academic stratification or for assigning grades to
students in schools. Examination malpractices are any misconduct or improper
practice in any examination with a view to obtaining good results through
fraudulent action. In the course of this research work, five schools were
selected and twenty copies of questionnaires were distributed. The findings
revealed that examination malpractices reduce standard of education and it
causes unemployment in labour market. It is also recommended that government
should provide schools with adequate infrastructures and teachers should be
motivated for effective performance.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Background of the study
Statement of the problem
Objective of the study
The significance of the study
The scope of the study
Limitation of the study
Definition of terms
Population of the study
Sample of the study
Method of data collection
Method of data analysis
Summary, Recommendation and
1.1BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Education is the development of an individual through training,
transmission of what is worthwhile to the point that he is able to fit into his
environment and contribute to the best of his ability for the wellbeing of the
society. Our educational system uses examination to grade students in internal
and external examinations in Nigeria. However, examinations are known to play
very important roles in our educational system. They are used for academic
stratification or for assigning grades to students in secondary schools and
other institutions of learning. A students with a distinction all through in
certificate examination will be regarded by those around him as academically
precious. He is also likely to have a place in institution of higher learning
or in job situation within the society than a child with a mere pass or a
failure. All these conditions have combine to influence a student’s attitude to
an examination malpractice
Olayinka (1993) defined examination malpractice as any misconduct
or improper practice in any examination with a view to obtaining good results
through fraudulent action. Daramola and Oluyeba (1992) define examination
malpractice as an irregular behaviour exhibited by candidates or anybody
charged with the conduct of examination in or outside the examination hall
before, during or after such examinations. Shonekan (1996) sees it as
irregularities which are premediated and perpetuated by the candidates or their
agents with the intention of gaining undue advantages in the examination.
The problem of examination malpractices in Nigeria seems to be as
old as the introduction of forma system of education (Afigbo, 1993). The first
major incidence of examination malpractice was n 1914,m when the senior
Cambridge local examination leaked. This scenario took an u7nprecedented surge
in 1963 when two public examinations of 1967, 1977, 1981 and 1987 ;leaked.
These leakages then attracted the attention of the federal government, which
led to the promulgation of Decree 27 of 1973 and miscellaneous decree 20
of 1984 to curb examination malpractices, and later decree prescribed 21 years
jail term for offenders. These and other measured put in place still do not
deter people from engaging in examination malpractice. In the WAEC conducted
examination in 1991, 30, 982 students were involved in examination while 35,479
were reported in 1992. Thus, the number of offenders and related offences
resulting in cancellation of results is quite disheartening.
Investigations conducted by the national concord of Tuesday June,
1998 revealed how teachers help students to engage in examination malpractice,
by coaching them before examination and the changing of incorrect answers
afterwards. This trend according to the report is being used by the schools
involved to improve their position in the performance tables, which have become
a key indicator for parents choosing a school for their children. Examination
malpractices renders certificates issued by examination bodies unreliable. The
examination bodies lose finally, manpower in their bid to overcome examination
malpractice. In view of the adverse effects that examination malpractices have
on the educational system, it became necessary to critically examine it. At
what stage do examination malpractice occur, what are their impact on the
students themselves and on education standards?
1.2STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS
In this research work an attempt will be made to find out such
factors militating against the smooth conduct of West African Examination
Council (WAEC) and National Examination C0uncil (NECO) in senior secondary
school in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State. the focus is on this two
examinations and candidates this examinations often strive to be successful by
whatever means. During these National Examination, candidates and their agents
play various anomalies such as leakage of question papers, impersonation,
copying and cheating and other form of examination malpractice. These practices
have often been carefully designed and perpetrated by the students in
collaboration with teachers, parents, and examination officials to the extent
that they became canker-warm in the body of the Nigeria Education System. These
tend to question the authenticity, reliability and validity of certificate
issued by these National Examination bodies.
1.3PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of this study include;
1.To examine the concept of examination
malpractice in secondary schools.
2.The causes of examination malpractice in
3.To examine the effect of examination malpractice
in secondary school and society at large.
4.To proffer solutions to the problems
These research questions below provide background to this study.
1.What are the causes of examination malpractices
in Egor Local Government Area?
2.What are the methods used by students to cheat
in examination in Egor Local Government Area?
3.Who are the collaborator of examination
malpractices in Egor Local Government Area?
4.What are the effects of examination malpractice
in Egor Local Government Area?
5.How can examination malpractice be minimized or
eliminated in Egor Local Government Area?
1.5SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study hopefully will be useful to students, teachers,
parents, examinational bodies and educational planners in Nigeria and Egor
Local Government Area of Edo State in particular. The research will assist our
educational planners to provide quality education. It will identify the causes
and methods used by students to cheat during examination. It will put hold to
cancellation of result. It will assist the examination bodies to curb all forms
of examination malpractice, so that they can restore public confidence,
acceptability and authenticity of certificates issued.
1.6SCOPE OF THE STUDY
Examination malpractice are major problems in most institution of
learning in Nigeria. However, this study will be carried out in selected
secondary schools in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State. The sample will
be from five randomly selected secondary schools.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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