This study examines the problems of
environmental sanitation in Nigerian cities using Ughelli North Local
Government Area as a case study. It look at the participation of residents of
Ughelli North Local Government Area in environmental sanitation. Furthermore,
it examines the adequacy of available equipment and facilities for the
environmental sanitation. It tries to find out if there are enough supervisors
to supervise the living premises. Finally, it attempts to find out if the
complaints of residents of Ughelli North were used on the problem of
environmental sanitation in Ughelli North was designed and administered. The
study came out with the following findings. 80 percent of the residents of
Ughelli North participated in environmental sanitation, 60 percent of the
resident of Ughelli North agreed that some residents of their area were arrested
for violating environmental sanitation days. 60 percent of the residents are of
the opinion that the sanitary inspectors are not enough to supervise living
premises. Based on the findings, the study recommended the following.
enlightenment campaigning to educated the people of the danger of dirty
environment to enhance the participation in environmental sanitation exercise.
should provide enough finances to purchase sanitary equipment and facilities to
improve the health standard of Ughelli North Local Government Area.
inspectors and health nurses should pay regular visit to the people to inspect
and educate them on good environmental sanitation,.
4. The complaints
of residents should be taken into consideration by the task force to enhance
sanitation in Ughelli North Local Government Area.
Statement of problem
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Definition of terms
Review of related literature
Administration of instruments
Data analysis techniques
Findings and discussions
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Environmental sanitation has a very long history but in recent
time it gained significance attention during the reign of General Mohammed
Buhari in 2005 by the setting up of task forces in the State of the federation.
There is a deliberate policy put in place by the state government to attract
all. In each of the 25 local government area of Delta State with a chief
inspector to the environmental sanitation on the lives of the people in Ughelli
North Local Government Area of Delta State. The different units in Ughelli
Northern Local Government include the following;
Regulated premises units: This units is incharge of preparing and preservation
Standard Units: They collect statistical data and send to federal ministry of
health every month.
Operation Units: This task forces listens to complaints from the public and
find solution to such complaints.
Health education Unit: This units is in charge of public campaign in order to
educate the people.
Inspectorate unit: They ensure that the market leaders are doing their job in
terms of sweeping and cleaning of drains.
Sewage disposal unit: This unit helps to remove sewage from soak away pit.
General over view of the people of Ughelli Northern Local
Government Area of Delta State has a land area demography and baselines sector
on environmental sanitation on the lives of people in Ughelli North Local
Government Area. The environment in which individual dwell should be healthy
World Health Organization (WHO, 2009). Define health as a state of complete
physical, mental and social well being not merely the absence of diseases or
infirmity for our local government area to grow and develop, it should have
within its boundaries healthy citizens.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
The problem of environmental sanitation in all nation is as a
result of urbanization which is accompanied by industrialization and public
development. The fact is that this discharge from public place is toxic in
nature and a way of leading to underdevelopment in the country. In the light of
this, the following questions are ask;
1. In what ways does man contribute to
2. How can Ughelli North Local Government
Area carryout some measurement to fight against environmental sanitation.
3. How can resident of Ughelli North
participate regularly in environmental sanitation?
4. How can individual will be provided
with enough equipment and facilities?
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
1. To investigate if the resident of
Ughelli North Local Government Area participate in environmental sanitation
2. To provide information if there are
enough inspectors to supervise the living premises.
3. To discover the available equipment and
facilities for environmental sanitation.
4. To find out if the refuse generated in
the markets are regularly disposed.
5. To examine if the complaints of the
resident of Ughelli North Local Government Area are taken into consideration by
the task force.
Does the resident of Ughelli North Local government Area participate regularly
in the environmental sanitation?
Are there enough inspectors to supervise the cleanness of the living premises
and market places?
What are the available equipment and facilities for environmental sanitation?
Is the refuse generated from markets regularly disposed?
Did the complaints of the residents of Ughelli North taken into consideration
by the task force.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study will be of significance in several ways. First and
foremost it will help government to have first hand information on
environmental sanitation on the lives of the people in Ughelli North.
Considering the fact that environmental sanitation is a vital importance in the
lives of people or individual. Furthermore, the study will help the people to
acquire relevant skill towards environmental sanitation. And enlighten the
general public on the adequacy of the equipment and facilities for environmental
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The subject matter of the study include the participation in the
environmental sanitation by the resident of Ughelli North Local Government Area
and available equipment and facilities.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Incinerate: A place where all solid refuse are burnt.
Composition: This is a method used to allow refuse kept in pits to
decay on the soil as fertilizers which is speed on the soil as fertilizers.
Septic tank: A place where sewage is purified by bacterial
Cesspit: This is a large container used by house to receive their
Pulverization: This is a method where by refuse is broken into
pieces by machines.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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