The main statement of problem is that drug
abuse has become more pervasive among school children. It is against this
background that a study or research on drug abuse among school children
especially in secondary school became invaluable to the society. Hence the
attempt to study drug abuse among students in secondary school. Also, the
effect on both the victim and the society is enormous. From the research
findings, some other factors that contribute to drug abuse were revealed. These
factors include the nature of the society, parental drug habits and more
importantly, the culture of the people. Based on these findings, some
recommendations were made.
Chapter One =
Statement of problem
Purpose of study
Significance of the study
Scope of the study
Limitations of the study
Review of literature
Chapter Three =
Population of study
Chapter Four =
Analysis of data discussion of result
may be defined as over dependence or excessive use of or misuse of chemical
substances to achieve a certain effect with or without medical diagnosis. They
also may be drugs obtained with a prescription, used for pleasure rather than
for medical reasons.
to world book medical encyclopedia, drug abuse is the harmful use of mind
altering drugs. It added that the term usually refers to problem with illegal
drugs which also include harmful use of legal prescription drugs such as in
Gilman (1960) define drug abuse as the use of drug usually by self
administration of any drug in a manner that deviates from the approved medical
pattern or within a written culture.
(1979) defines drug as a substance which by its chemical nature has an effect
upon the body or the higher nervous system (the mind). Therefore, many
substances not usually thought of as drugs covered by this definition include
caffine, nicotine, alcohol, household chemicals and pollutants.
important to note that drug abuse is not contained simply to the abuse of
dangerous drugs like narcotics-opium, heroine etc but also the abuse of
panadol, codeine, antibiotics, laxatives etc in other words every substance
apart from food is a drug and must therefore be regarded as being detrimental
to health if not taken under proper medical advice or used correctly
accordingly to medical prescription.
everybody in this country either knowingly or unknowingly is guilty of drug
abuse. An anxious mother seeing that her child has frequent stooling, instead
on taking the child to the hospital, goes to the chemist and buy an antibiotic
syrup and gives to the child because such medication was prescribed for a
friends child who had similar problem such mother is guilty of drug abuse. She
might have given an over dose of the drug which will result in health hazards
of the child.
Ebie and Pela (1980) the Nigerian society does not usually frown at the abuse
of drugs which does not produce over behavioural changes. The primitive people
recognized the use of tobacco, native brewed drinks, cocoa leave and kolanuts
to provide pleasurable relief of pain, fatigue and hunger but never realized they
were abusing drugs.
drugs have different effects some, such as cocaine or methamphetamine, may
produce an intense “rush” and initial feeli9ng of boundless energy. Others such
as heroine, benzodiazepines or the prescription oxycontin may produce excessive
feelings of relaxation and calm. What most drugs have in common though is over
stimulation of the pleasure centre of the brain. With time the brain’s
chemistry is actually altered to the point where not having the drug becomes
extremely uncomfortable and even painful. This compelling urge to used,
addition, becomes more and more powerful, disrupting work, relationships and
Prescription drug abuse is just as dangerous as street drug use. When used
appropriately, prescription drugs in the opiate family, such as vicodin
(hydrocodone) and oxycontin, are often prescribed for chronic pain or recovery
from surgery. Benzodiazaphines, such as valium or xanax are prescribed to treat
anxiety. The problem arises when these drugs begin to be used “off label”.
Furthermore, prescription drugs provide an easy point to other family members
susceptible to abuse.
youthful activities are widespread in Nigeria and all over Africa to the extent
that they have been giving a lot of concern to the government and general
public. In primary schools, peer engage in organized crimes and disrupt normal
academic programmes. In secondary schools and most Nigerian universities, the
activities of secret cults are known to have been source of threat to lives and
property. Outside the campuses, a lot of ritual killings are taking place.
of drug abuse among Nigerian youth’s bankrupt, decadent and wasted generation
and loss of our societal values and ideals. The situation now appears to be
such that no one can claim ignorance of what is happening. We cannot suit on
the fence and criminally pretend on the menace of drug abuse among out young
wonder, then that the former UN Secretary General, Kofi Annan once said “Drugs
are tearing apart our societies, spawning crime, spreading diseases such as
aids and killing our youths and future”.
1.2STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
In most Nigerian dailies, different opinions over the effect of
drug abuse among students are expressed in different kinds of articles as “Drug
Abuse”, “Drug Misuse”, Drug Addiction” etc, without empirical evidence to
support the claims. It would not be scientific to accept these opinions.
There is need therefore to conduct a study on the effect of drug
abuse or misuse of drug among students. The failure of the students to
recognize that drug addiction is symptomatic of an underlined psychiatric
disorder or psychological conflict has led to the continuous drug taking.
1.Does drug abuse among students and youths caused
by family background friendship and per group association?
2.Does drug abuse among students used for
psychological purposes like, tension relieving, intensifying perception and so
3.Does drug abuse cause health hazard which can
led to death?
4.Do parents and teachers have any role to play?
1.4PURPOSE OF STUDY
This work is an attempt to study the effect of drug abuse among
school children and the role of parents and teachers using children of western
boys secondary school Ikpoba Hill and Idia College all in Benin city, Edo state
as a case study. This research finding may apply to other primary and post
primary institutions in Nigeria. Purpose of this study therefore is to
determine the existing finding of other studies like mine.
1.5SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
This study is not only important to the two schools under study
but to the state in particular and Nigeria in general.
The study is significant especially this period of our national
life when the federal government is talking of re-branding, “Nigeria”, Great
People Great Nation! There is no better way to start the rebranding than from
children of school age. This stidy is also important in our society.
1.6SCOPE OF STUDY
This study was carried out in two post primary institutions in
Benin City, Edo state. They are as follows:
Idia College, Iyaro Benin City and Western Boys Secondary School,
Oreegbeni, Benin City.
This study is designed to collect useful information through both
primary and secondary methods of data collection.
The researcher used structured questionnaire and comparative
analysis on other works in form of text of similar topics.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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