The study exposes the difficulties experienced by students at the
Junior Secondary School Certificate Level with respect to Pidgin English
Interference on English Language teaching/students daily use of the language in
some selected secondary schools in Ikpoba Okha Local Government Area. some
research questions were formulated to guide the direction of the study against
the background of variable factors in the learning situation. Related
literature review was undertaken so as to be abreast a earlier writers view on
the subject matter studied. An instrument was designed to obtain information
from respondents. The instrument in the form of questionnaire was administered
and subsequently retrieved, tabulated side by side the formulated research
questions with answers provided to them the results obtained were discussed
with findings conclusion and recommendation were presented in the final
TABLE OF CONTENT
Background of the study
Statement of the problem
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Scope or delimitation of the
Definition of terms
Population of the study
Sample and sampling procedure
Administration of instrument
Method of data analysis
Data analysis and
Summary of findings
Suggestions for further
English language originated in
England and is now widely spoken throughout the continents. It is the primary
language of the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Austrialia, Ireland,
New Zealand, and various small Island nations in the Carribean Sea and Pacific
Ocean. It is also an official language of India, the Philippines and many
countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, including South Africa. In Nigeria, English
Language is the lingual Franca. This makes the language an indispensable tool
for students in the country to communicate and interact socially because of the
numerous indigenous languages/dialects spoken by the different ethnic groups in
different parts of the country. Some dialects are similar both in spoken and in
written form, while others are radically different from one another. These
Nigerian languages include Kwale, Owan, Urhobo, Edo, Ijaw and Yoruba. However,
none of these dominant tribal languages has been generally accepted as a
national language. English language is the official language in Nigeria and the
means through which the colonial masters in their era used in uniting the
various tribes for communication to take place.
English language is global the
language of technology, science, aviation and computer, education and at that a
world language of importance. Therefore efficient spoken/written knowledge of
English Language is of basic importance to the study of every other subject of
Standard English language command respect and prestige in the society. Inspite
of the importance of correct use of English language, it is found that in
particular students perform woefully in its usage both in examinations and
daily life interactions. A number of factors contribute to the situation one of
which is the constant used of pidgin English in the study and living situations
including the primary and junior secondary schools. It becomes challenging as
the role of teachers in teaching English language in the primary and junior
secondary schools. To speak Standard English with the students especially those
in junior secondary moreso the certificate classes level of JSS III, SS III
level. This will be English teachers encouraging the pupils to speak it every
time and anywhere with availability of adequate instructional materials to aid
the teaching and learning of English language.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS
Pidgin English is traceable to
the Portuguese coming to Nigeria as traders and missionaries. Pidgin English is
a hybrid language, contains elements of both immediate African language
speaking environment and English. It is learned usually as L2 at times as L1.
It is not what a learner learn by itself because it is no developmental. It is
a fairly closed language sound system and serves restricted numerous functions
an expanding to serve fresh function by wholesale borrowing of vocabulary from
English. The missionaries from Portugal used pidgin English as a means of
communication with the natives of the coastal lands. Today, Pidgin English is
used to facilitate communication link among individual, serves as a language of
the literate and the illiterate in the Nigerian society. However, this Pidgin
English which is mostly used at homes market, primary and junior secondary
schools among peer groups should be stepped aside in the school system gamut of
the society by the teachers so that standard English acquisition and command
comes to the way of learners. This will make students take the standard English
learning and efficient daily use serious and afford them active a command of
good English in terms of communication and enjoyable social
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The study purpose among others
investigate the reasons students use Pidgin English instead of a Standard English.
Also to make them know it has effect on their use of English i.e. it hampers
proficient use and retards progress in acquiring good English language. The
study would also show the way out to students on how to minimize Pidgin English
usage in their daily performance.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The significance of this study
is to be found among others in parents/students and teachers recognition that
Pidgin English usage slows down the pace of efficient use of English. In
various homes, native language is spoken most often, then the pidgin English
and there English. It may be in form of our dialects, Pidgin English or
Standard English. The background of our upbringing matters a lot, when we are
taught in pidgin for instance, there is no way we can have a good command of
Standard English anywhere we find ourselves. Rather the parents who had trained
up their children with Standard English would be proud of their children,
hearing them use Standard English to communicate, Standard English enhances the
children’s educational standard because English is a means through which every
other subject is taught.
In the same vein, a situation where a child is trained to use Pidgin in
communication, the child finds it difficult to understand his teacher when the
lesson is going on. Therefore, if a child is trained up with standard English
at school, the child learns easily without any stress or strain to
understanding the language used by the teacher (i.e. Standard English).
Teachers does not find it difficult to disseminate any information to such
Standard English background oriented student(s). the teacher would be happy
seeing his students excel in the examinations and of course the students would
command respect or prestige in the society using eloquently the Standard
there available qualified teaches handling the teaching/learning of English
Pidgin English have any influence on the teaching and learning of English
there any relationship between Pidgin English and English Language?
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Is the language, originally of England now spoken of international
communication throughout the world.
English Language: Is as well a subject of study.
a simple form of language especially English, Portuguese or Dutch, with a
limited number of words used with words from a local language.
Pidgin English: A way of speaking a language that uses simple words and forms,
when a person cannot speak the language well.
The form of a language that is spoken in an area with its grammar, words and
pronunciation that may be different from other forms of the same language as
Ethnic Group: Connected with or belonging to a small indigenous group in a
nation, race or people that share the same cultural tradition.
Standard English: Generally accepted spellings, pronunciations, grammar believed
to be correct and used by most learned people.
Lingua Franca: A shared language of communication used between people whose
main languages are different.
L1: First Language. The language that one learns to speak first as a child and
usually one speaks the language best among other languages.
L2-Second Language: A language that somebody learns to speak well and use at
workplace or at school where it is learnt but that is not the language such
user learns first.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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