The purpose of this research work is to find out the effects of
parents backgrounds on the student’s academic performance as it explains beyond
every reasonable doubt, the reasons behind poor performance of children from
poor homes and brilliant performance of students from average and above average
However, the data generated were analyzed using simple percentage.
The findings of the study shows that among the factors listed and discussed
were parents financial status, marital status, level of education, size of
family and of course parental aspiration and involvement in their children
education process. These factors were critically examined so as to access the
level of effect they do poses on the child educational pursuit and achievement.
In the same
vein, a questionnaire containing twenty (20) items was drawn and administered
After a thorough consideration of related literature and analysis
of data collected the following assumptions was arrived at that;
Firstly, the level of education of parents affects, the academic
performance of students.
Secondly, the socio – economic positive of parents plays a
dominant role in the academic performance of the child.
Thirdly, there is an undeniable relationship between the living
conditions at home and the academic performance of pupils.
Fourthly, the family structures in terms of monogamy and size
effects the academic achievement of students
Lastly, the attitude and academic aspiration of parents towards
their children affects the academic performance of students
In the final analysis, the researcher made recommendation which is
perceived to be of significant to the problem under investigation.
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Background of study
Statement of problem
Purpose of study
Significance of study
Scope of study
Limitation of study
Definition of terms
Description of population
The research instrument
Validity of instrument
Procedure for analyzing the data
Data analysis and discussion of result
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY,
CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
years, the nation has been experiencing a drastic fall in the academic
performance of pupils and students at the various level of education.
Scholars of different school of thought has attributed this ugly trend to many
factor such as poor teaching methodology, inadequate instructional facilities
and a lot more from the look of things, these scholars seems to heap the blames
either on the student or the teachers who most times are not actually the
chose observation reveals that this trend has an undeniable relationship with
one parental background in terms of their socio-economic status. Only
recently the president of the Federal Republic of Nigeria president Olusegun
Obasenjo in his monthly presidential media chat, held in October 2003, cried
out in regards to the poor academic situation terms that our----'' graduates
are fast becoming more of half baked graduated---'' what a mess.
as this scenario continues to thrive, many more meaningful individuals both
from the academic and non-academic field of the society not only shares
their grievances they also point accusing fingers towards the teachers and the
students. They give little or no attention to the student's socio-economic background,
which from act appearances seem to be one fundamental cause of poor academic
performance in school.
We have it
on records that a child spends more time at home with his or her parents than
he or she spends in school. This makes the home of greater influence in
this regard. Little or no wonder it is said ''charity begins at home''
Be that as
it may, we cannot over labour the fact that poor performance of a country's
citizens at various level of education has a way of tarnishing or beautifying
that countries image.
the magnitude of this problem, it therefore becomes very expedient that this
project be carried out as it is hoped that it will help in savaging the problem
or situation as it were, to a very reasonable extent.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
almost becoming a common and accepted knowledge that poor performances of
student in our school is due to the inadequacies of teachers or student
non-challant attitude to study. This is purely a wrong assumption that
needs an investigation as we cannot afford to loss sight of the drastic effect
that one’s parental background have on the academic performance of the child.
It is in
cognisance of this that the following questions become very important.
What role does the socio-economic position of parent's play in the academic
performance of the child?
To what extent does the level of education of parents affect the academic
performance of pupils
Is there any relationship between living condition at home and academic
performance of pupils?
How does the family structure in terms of monogamy, polygamy and size affect
the academic achievement of student
How far does the attitude of parents and guidance affect the academic
performance of students?
PURPOSE OF STUDY
of this study are one to establish the affects that ones parental background
poses on the academic performance of the child.
And two to
suggest possible solutions on how student from poor homes can get along in
their educational pursuit.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
researcher work shall be of up most significance to three (3) categories of
And of course parent/guidance it will be significant to curriculum or
educational planners in that it will help them in planning adequately for
students from different homes.
In the same vein, it will enable the teachers to know that students
are not solely responsible for their poor performance thereby creating an
avenue for the teacher to come to grips with some of the impact that parents
background poses avail the teacher the opportunity to design a corrective
measure which if adhered to, would spur both the teachers and pupils to greater
above all, this study will serve as a challenge to parents to improving the
conditions of the home thereby propelling their child (pupil) to greater
SCOPE OF STUDY
was carried out in some selected secondary schools in Local Government of
Edo State. These schools does include.
Gauis Obaseki Group of School
The investigation covered S.S.S 1-3 using at least ten (100) student
randomly selected from each of the classes in the different schools so selected.
for the researcher to proffer solutions to the problem under investigation, the
following assumptions were made.
level of education of parent affects the academic performance of students.
socio-economic position of parents plays a dominant role in the academic
performance of the child.
there is an undeniable relationship between living condition at home and the
academic performance of students.
family structure in terms of monogamy, polygamy and size generally, affects the
academic achievement of students.
attitude of parents and guidance affects the academic performance of students.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
terms used throughout the study was used in their denotative and general
meaning and as such would not need any ''special definition''.
Person’s father and mother
This has to do with the study of the society
This has to do with the level, background of a person’s family education,
influence, experience, finance etc
Socio-economic status: The
study of society or societal details of a person’s family education experience
Involving details of a lot of reading and studying rather than practical or
technical skills about a person.
Vicarious experience: Felt
or experienced by heating or reading about somebody else doing something rather
than by doing it yourself.
Believing that people should obey authority and rules even when these are
unfair and even if it means that they lose their personal freedom.
Showing that you expect people to obey and respect you.
giving enough care or attention to somebody or something.
Lending to allow somebody to have or do whatever they want.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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