This study looks at the effects of stress on the job performance
of workers, source of stress and the strategies by which the effect of stress
can be reduced among staffs of the college of education, Ekiadolor. The
objective was to show the relationship between stress and performance.
Information for the study was obtaining using the structured questionnaires
with about 20 items. Some of the items were measures of role conflict, role
over load, ambiguity and other sources of work stress. The data collected were
coded, analysed through the use of simple percentage, the analyzes were carried
out to facilitate discussions of the research questions. Some of the finding
including; that stress will always lead to poor job performance in college of
education, Ekiadolor, That the major source of stress in college of education,
Ekiadolor include organizational factors such as role over load, ambiguity,
conflict etc. That management had not put in place programmes to combines of
stress. The implication of the findings is important in terms of the cost of
both the employee and the management. To the management, it results in low rate
of employee turnover and to the employees, physical and mental damages.
Management must therefore, improve on stress coping amenities in the
institution. This can be done through the provision of facilities for
recreation among workers.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Chapter one: introduction
Background of the study
Statement of the problems
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Scope and limitation of study
Definition of terms
Chapter two: review of
Definition of stress
Effects of stress
· Stress and
· Stress and job
· Stress and
· Strategies for
Data gathering instrumentation
Validity of instrument
Problems of data collection
Analysis of data
Data presentation and analysis
Finding, conclusion and
suggestions for further studies
Discussion of finding
Implications of the findings
Suggestion for further studies
In this study we are going to look at what harm or good stress has
done to workers and their performances in any establishment or organization.
It is a common feature that
people as individual or group interact with their environment these experiences
are carried into the organizations, which may help to increase or bring about
decline in their productivity and performances.
Stress has generated a great
deal of interest in recent years. It has been a great concern to employees who
experience it and to researchers.
To most people, stress is bad
must be avoided, but this position is not always true. According to Yates
(1979), stress in proper amounts is a necessary ingredient in any person whose
life is going to manifest vitality. Stress is to be managed and not simply
avoided. Thus, this study is designed to look into the effect of stress on
workers performance in any organization with a case study of College of
Education, Ekiadolor-Benin. Ivancevish Matterson 1980 pointed out that to say
stress produced performance degradation is rather a simplistic over stated
position thus there must be on optimum level of stress that is tolerated to
bring about performance. This standpoint makes stress a complex concept that
does not lead itself to a simple definition. Mc Garth (1976) defined stress in
terms of conditions necessary for it as follows;
It is a potential for stress
when environmental situation is perceived as presenting a demand that threatens
to exceed the persons’ capabilities where he expects to substantial deferential
in towards and costs from meeting the demand versus not meeting it.
Signs of stress are wide spread
among the teaching staff i.e. lectures which are the academic staffs, the
senior non teaching staffs i.e. principal officers and the junior non teaching
staffs today in the college. And so are the adverse effects of stress on their
well being health and even the safety of their co-workers.
Some negative effects of stress
are increased absenteeism, heart disease, lateness to work and ill-health. The
issue at hand is to find out the effects of stress on perform these effects
could either be positive or negative.
Work stress can have both positive and negative consequences on
the individual, thus having stress to work peak efficiency can create satisfaction
a sense of well being and accomplishment and other reward for success. But on
the other hand, excessive stress at work can result loss of efficiency, failure
to perform well and negative effects on mental and physical health.
Stress is caused by some
factors (stressors), which exist both within and without the organization.
These stressors can be identified as intra-individual, inter-individual
organizational and extra organizational stressors.
In this regards, the present
study seeks at finding causes, symptoms and effects and the relationship that
exist between job stress and employees performance and finally to recommend
stress coping strategies to management by using the employees of college of
education Ekiadolor as a case study.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
Gibsin, Ivancevich and Donnelly (1955) defined stress as an
adaptive response mediated by individual differences and psychological process,
that is a consequence of any external (environmental) action, situation or
physical demand on person.
It can be gathered from the above, that due to individual
differences and different adaptive capabilities, factors that would causes
stress often differ among individual.
Some common factors have however been identified as sources of
work related stress, some of these are;
Irregular work hours (Saturdays)
Lack of autonomy
Organization structure etc
Another problems that needed be looked into is how can stress be
recognized in an employee currently experiencing it, what are the symptoms of
stress? Thus, this study aims at finding the sources, symptoms and effects of
stress. Stress that would not hinder performance would also be another area of
focus of this study.
PURPOSE OF STUDY
The purpose of carrying out this study is follows;
To identify the possible sources and problems symptoms of stress experienced by
college of education, Ekiadolor staffs
To determine the effect of stress employees performances in college of
To show that stress as an experience is not limited to any category of
to make appropriate recommendation on how stress can be managed based on the
findings on the study.
The following research question would be tested in this study;
a. Does stress recast lead to poor
job performance in college of education, Ekiadolor
b. Does organizational factor (role
over load and role conflict) not lead to stress in the college?
c. Do irregular payments of salaries
lead to stress in college of education,. Ekiadolor?
d. Do extra working hours lead to
stress in college of education, Ekiadolor?
In carrying out this study, the researcher relied heavily on
information collected from primary and secondary sources of information. This
includes journals, magazines, newspaper, books and interview from the various
SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
This study is of a great importance to the college an as
institution. It would afford the college an opportunity to elicit from its
staffs highest possible level of performances by balancing the amount of stress
employees experience while carrying out their tasks.
This study, also intends to the notice or awareness of the
college. Those reactions to stress vary from individual and thus, afford the
institution an insight into how much stress an individual can effectively
DEFINITION OF TERMS
In this study, which is the affect of stress on workers
performance, there is two terms these are (stress and performance).
STRESS: Is defined as an adaptive response, mediated by individual differences
or psychological proceeds that is consequence of any external (environment)
action, situation or even that places excessive psychological and physical
demand on a person.
PERFORMANCE: Is being viewed as an activity in which an individual is able to
accomplish successfully the task, goal assigned to him subject to the normal
constraint of the reasonable utilization of the available resources.
TERMS AND CONDITIONS APPLY
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